White marble cupolas cap minarets at the Tomb of Jahangir in Lahore, Pakistan
The oculus at the top of the dome of the Pantheon in Rome
Cupolas on the towers of Montefiascone Cathedral, Italy.
The Ancient Roman oculus of the Pantheon (Rome, Italy)
Interior of cupola ceiling in the old Synagogue of Győr, Hungary.
Islamic oculus opening into a cupola in the Hasht Behesht (Isfahan, Iran)
Ribbed cupola crowns the minaret of the Mosque of Uqba, in Kairouan, Tunisia.
Romanesque oculus of the Église Sainte-Anne de Gassicourt (Mantes-la-Jolie, France)
Inside of Armenian Orthodox church cupola in Lviv, Ukraine.
Gothic oculus in the Laon Cathedral (Laon, France)
Cupolas were also used on some old barns for ventilation.
Renaissance oculus of the Florence Cathedral (Florence, Italy)
View from the interior of the Cupola module on the International Space Station.
Baroque oculus in a dome of the Ravenna Cathedral (Ravenna, Italy)
Trompe-l'œil painting of a cupola in a church in Northern Italy (Brivio)
Rococo oculus in the Parc de Bagatelle (Paris)
A cupola-style caboose with an "angel seat" above
Louis XVI round window of the Petit Trianon (Versailles, France), with a festoon-derived ornament at the top
Gothic Revival oculus of the Hannoversche Bank - Haus III on Georgstraße (Hannover, Germany)
19th century Eclectic Classicist oculus of the Opéra-Théâtre de Clermont-Ferrand (Clermont-Ferrand, France)
Beaux-Arts dormer oculus of the Building of Préfecture de Police de Paris (île de la Cité)
Art Nouveau oculus of the Hôtel Élysée Palace (Paris)
Art Deco oculus above a door in Angers (France)

The cupola evolved during the Renaissance from the older oculus.

- Cupola

Since the revival of dome construction beginning in the Italian Renaissance, open oculi have been replaced by light-transmitting cupolas and other round windows, openings, and skylights.

- Oculus
White marble cupolas cap minarets at the Tomb of Jahangir in Lahore, Pakistan

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