Cure

remissionincurableremedycomplete remissionpartial remissionremediescure rateincurable diseaserecurrenceclinical remission
A cure is a substance or procedure that ends a medical condition, such as a medication, a surgical operation, a change in lifestyle or even a philosophical mindset that helps end a person's sufferings; or the state of being healed, or cured.wikipedia
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Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug
A cure is a substance or procedure that ends a medical condition, such as a medication, a surgical operation, a change in lifestyle or even a philosophical mindset that helps end a person's sufferings; or the state of being healed, or cured.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.

Disease

morbidityillnessdiseases
The medical condition could be a disease, mental illness, disability, or simply a condition a person considers socially undesirable, such as baldness or lack of breast tissue.
Cures are a subset of treatments that reverse diseases completely or end medical problems permanently.

Common cold

coldcoldsnasopharyngitis
When a person has the common cold, and then recovers from it, the person is said to be cured, even though the person might someday catch another cold.
There is also no cure, but the symptoms can be treated.

Chemotherapy

chemotherapeuticantineoplasticantineoplastic agent
Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent (which almost always involves combinations of drugs), or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy).

List of incurable diseases

Despite a number of cures being developed, the list of incurable diseases remains long.
This is an incomplete list of incurable diseases.

Polio

poliomyelitisinfantile paralysisparalytic polio
There is no cure for polio.

Remission (medicine)

remissionremissionscomplete remission
A person whose condition is in complete remission might be considered cured or recovered, notwithstanding the possibility of a relapse, i.e. the reappearance of a disease.

Surgery

surgicalsurgeonsurgical procedure
A cure is a substance or procedure that ends a medical condition, such as a medication, a surgical operation, a change in lifestyle or even a philosophical mindset that helps end a person's sufferings; or the state of being healed, or cured.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
The medical condition could be a disease, mental illness, disability, or simply a condition a person considers socially undesirable, such as baldness or lack of breast tissue.

Disability

disableddisabilitieshandicapped
The medical condition could be a disease, mental illness, disability, or simply a condition a person considers socially undesirable, such as baldness or lack of breast tissue.

Hair loss

alopeciabaldnessbald
The medical condition could be a disease, mental illness, disability, or simply a condition a person considers socially undesirable, such as baldness or lack of breast tissue.

Terminal illness

terminally illterminalterminal cancer
An incurable disease may or may not be a terminal illness; conversely, a curable illness can still result in the patient's death.

Survival rate

overall survivaldisease-free survivalsurvival
The proportion of people with a disease that are cured by a given treatment, called the cure fraction or cure rate, is determined by comparing disease-free survival of treated people against a matched control group that never had the disease.

Diabetes

diabetes mellitusdiabeticdiabetics
Conversely, a person that has successfully managed a disease, such as diabetes mellitus, so that it produces no undesirable symptoms for the moment, but without actually permanently ending it, is not cured.

Kaplan–Meier estimator

Kaplan-Meier estimatorKaplan-MeierKaplan-Meier analysis
The comparison is usually made through the Kaplan-Meier estimator approach.

Expectation–maximization algorithm

expectation-maximization algorithmEM algorithmexpectation maximization
Several cure rate models exist, such as the expectation-maximization algorithm and Markov chain Monte Carlo model.

Markov chain Monte Carlo

MCMCMarkov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC)Bayesian MCMC
Several cure rate models exist, such as the expectation-maximization algorithm and Markov chain Monte Carlo model.

Survival analysis

hazard ratesurvivalevent history analysis
Generally, the survival curves are adjusted for the effects of normal aging on mortality, especially when diseases of older people are being studied.

Infection

infectious diseaseinfectious diseasesinfections

Antibiotic

antibioticsantibacterialtopical antibiotic
Cures can take the form of natural antibiotics (for bacterial infections), synthetic antibiotics such as the sulphonamides, or fluoroquinolones, antivirals (for a very few viral infections), antifungals, antitoxins, vitamins, gene therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and so on.

Pathogenic bacteria

bacterial infectionbacterial infectionsbacterial
Cures can take the form of natural antibiotics (for bacterial infections), synthetic antibiotics such as the sulphonamides, or fluoroquinolones, antivirals (for a very few viral infections), antifungals, antitoxins, vitamins, gene therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and so on.

Chemical synthesis

syntheticsynthesissynthesized
Cures can take the form of natural antibiotics (for bacterial infections), synthetic antibiotics such as the sulphonamides, or fluoroquinolones, antivirals (for a very few viral infections), antifungals, antitoxins, vitamins, gene therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and so on.

Sulfonamide (medicine)

sulfonamidesulfonamidessulfa drugs
Cures can take the form of natural antibiotics (for bacterial infections), synthetic antibiotics such as the sulphonamides, or fluoroquinolones, antivirals (for a very few viral infections), antifungals, antitoxins, vitamins, gene therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and so on.