Curriculum

curriculacore curriculumcoregeneral educationcurricularschool curriculumdistribution requirementsgeneral education requirementscore curriculacirriculum
A curriculum (or curriculums) is broadly defined as the totality of student experiences that occur in the educational process.wikipedia
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International Bureau of Education

IBEUNESCO-IBE
UNESCO's International Bureau of Education has the primary mission of studying curricula and their implementation worldwide.
The International Bureau of Education (IBE-UNESCO) is a UNESCO category 1 institute mandated as the Centre of Excellence in curriculum and related matters.

Syllabus

syllabirequired readingeSyllabus
Under some definitions, curriculum is prescriptive, and is based on a more general syllabus which merely specifies what topics must be understood and to what level to achieve a particular grade or standard.
It is descriptive (unlike the prescriptive or specific curriculum).

University of Chicago

The University of ChicagoChicagoChicago University
Robert M. Hutchins, president of the University of Chicago, regarded curriculum as "permanent studies" where the rules of grammar, rhetoric, logic, and mathematics for basic education are emphasized. Among the best known and most expansive core curricula programs at leading American colleges and universities are those of Columbia University and the University of Chicago.
In 1999, then-President Hugo Sonnenschein announced plans to relax the university's famed core curriculum, reducing the number of required courses from 21 to 15.

Curriculum development

Curriculum Designcurriculum changes
In Australia, the Australian Curriculum took effect nationwide in 2014, after a curriculum development process that began in 2010.
Curriculum development is a process of improving the curriculum.

John Franklin Bobbitt

John Bobbitt
In The Curriculum, the first textbook published on the subject, in 1918, John Franklin Bobbitt said that curriculum, as an idea, has its roots in the Latin word for race-course, explaining the curriculum as the course of deeds and experiences through which children become the adults they should be to succeed later in life.
A representative of the efficiency minded thinkers, he specialized in the field of the curriculum.

Special education

Special Schoolspecial educational needsspecial schools
The National Curriculum of Korea covers kindergarten, primary, secondary, and special education.
General education is the standard curriculum presented without special teaching methods or supports.

Formal learning

formal educationformallearned
According to some, it is the major division between formal and informal education.
It is one of three forms of learning as defined by the OECD, the others being informal learning, which typically takes place naturally as part of some other activity, and non-formal learning, which includes everything else, such as sports instruction provided by non-trained educators without a formal curriculum.

Robert Maynard Hutchins

Robert HutchinsRobert M. HutchinsHutchins
Robert M. Hutchins, president of the University of Chicago, regarded curriculum as "permanent studies" where the rules of grammar, rhetoric, logic, and mathematics for basic education are emphasized.
In the late 1930s, Hutchins attempted to reform the curriculum of the University of Chicago along Aristotelian-Thomist lines, only to have the faculty reject his proposed reforms three times.

Amherst College

AmherstAmherst AcademyAmherst Mammoths
Amherst College requires that students take one of a list of first-year seminars, but has no required classes or distribution requirements.
Students choose courses from 38 major programs in an open curriculum and are not required to study a core curriculum or fulfill any distribution requirements; students may also design their own interdisciplinary major.

Senior secondary education

senior secondarysenior secondary school
The Australian Curriculum consists of one curriculum covering eight subject areas through year 10, and another covering fifteen subjects for the senior secondary years.
Under the Australian Curriculum implemented in the early 2010s, the senior secondary years have a separate curriculum from the curriculum that runs from through year 10.

Curriculum studies

Curriculumcurriculacurriculum development
Curriculum studies (CS) is a concentration within curriculum and instruction concerned with understanding curricula as an active force of human educational experience.

Extracurricular activity

extracurricular activitiesextracurricularextra-curricular
An extracurricular activity (ECA) or extra academic activity (EAA) is an activity, performed by students, that falls outside the realm of the normal curriculum of school, college or university education.

Undergraduate education

undergraduateundergraduatesundergraduate student
At the undergraduate level, individual college and university administrations and faculties sometimes mandate core curricula, especially in the liberal arts.
Students may be able to receive general education in their first years in universities, more akin to the North American system.

Academic advising

academic advisoradvisorthesis advisor
Academic advising is, according to the National Academic Advising Association, "a series of intentional interactions with a curriculum, a pedagogy, and a set of student learning outcomes. Academic advising synthesizes and contextualizes students' educational experiences within the frameworks of their aspirations, abilities and lives to extend learning beyond campus boundaries and timeframes."

Liberal arts education

liberal artsliberal studiesArts
At the undergraduate level, individual college and university administrations and faculties sometimes mandate core curricula, especially in the liberal arts.
In addition, most four-year colleges are not devoted exclusively or primarily to liberal arts degrees, but offer a liberal arts degree, and allow students not majoring in liberal arts to take courses to satisfy distribution requirements in liberal arts.

CSCOPE (education)

CSCOPE is a K-12 educational curriculum support system that has been widely adopted in Texas.

Curricula in early childhood care and education

Curricula in early childhood care and education (ECCE) address the role and importance of curricula in the education of young children, and is the driving force behind any ECCE programme.

Structure of the disciplines

The Structure of the disciplines is a concept in the study of curricula.

Unschooling

unschooledSelf-directed educationUnschool
While courses may occasionally be taken, unschooling questions the usefulness of standard curricula, conventional grading methods, and other features of traditional schooling in the education of each unique child.

Discipline (academia)

academic disciplinedisciplinesdiscipline
Personal formation via curricula is studied both at the personal and group levels, i.e. cultures and societies (e.g. professional formation, academic discipline via historical experience).
Most academic disciplines have their roots in the mid-to-late-nineteenth century secularization of universities, when the traditional curricula were supplemented with non-classical languages and literatures, social sciences such as political science, economics, sociology and public administration, and natural science and technology disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering.

Grinnell College

Iowa CollegeGrinnellGrinell College
Similarly, Grinnell College requires students to take a First-Year Tutorial in their first semester, and has no other class or distribution requirements.
Grinnell's open curriculum encourages students to take initiative and to assume responsibility for their own courses of study.

Sudbury school

Sudbury modelSudbury model of democratic educationSudbury
There is no predetermined educational syllabus, prescriptive curriculum or standardized instruction.

Thomas More College of Liberal Arts

Thomas More
Five Great Books colleges in the United States follow this approach: St. John’s, Shimer, Thomas Aquinas, Gutenberg College and Thomas More.
The core curriculum is a Great Books program.

Pedagogy

pedagoguepedagogicalpedagogic
Decisions regarding the curriculum, disciplinary practices, student testing, textbook selection, the language used by the teacher, and more can empower or disempower students.

Core Curriculum (Columbia College)

Core CurriculumColumbia UniversityColumbia's Core Curriculum
Among the best known and most expansive core curricula programs at leading American colleges and universities are those of Columbia University and the University of Chicago.