Curt von François

Curt Van François
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.wikipedia
84 Related Articles

Windhoek

Windhoek, NamibiaWindhukWindhoek City
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.
Windhoek was founded a second time in 1890 by Imperial German Army Major Curt von François, when the territory was colonised by the German Empire.

Swakopmund

Swakopmund, NamibiaSwakop CitySwakopmund Parkrun
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.
Captain Curt von François founded Swakopmund in 1892 as the main harbour for the Imperial German colony—the deep sea harbour at Walvis Bay belonged to the British.

Schutztruppe

Schutztruppencolonial troopsaskaris
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.
Likewise, the police forces for South-West Africa under Curt von François and for German Cameroon were re-established as Schutztruppe units by the act of 9 June 1895.

Hermann von François

Curt's younger brother Hermann von François (1856–1933) served as a general in World War I and was one of the key contributors to the German victory at the 1914 Battle of Tannenberg.
François' other brother, Curt von François, was a well known scientist and researcher specialising in Africa.

Reichskommissar

Reich CommissionerReichskommissar in NorwayReich Commissioner for the occupied Dutch territories
On October 7, the colony of German South West Africa was established under Reichskommissar governor Gustav Nachtigal.

George Grenfell

G. Grenfell
In 1883 he worked as a geographer on an exploratory expedition along the Kasai River in the Congo region under the leadership of Hermann Wissmann and two years later joined another expedition into the Congo led by George Grenfell.
4° 40' N. In 1885 he explored with Curt von François other tributaries of the Congo, notably the Busira, along which he found Pygmy Batwa peoples.

Alte Feste

military fort
At Windhoek, François set up the new headquarters of the German occupation (which he called Alte Feste, Old Fortress).
The building was designed by captain Curt von François to serve as headquarters of the imperial German Schutztruppe (colonial military force) during German colonization of South West Africa.

Theodor Leutwein

Colonel Theodor von LeutweinLeutweinTheodor von Leutwein
In 1894 François was replaced by Theodor Leutwein as Landeshauptmann of South West Africa.
In 1894 he replaced Curt von François as commander of the Schutztruppe (Imperial Security Troop).

Imperial Schutztruppe for German South West Africa

Schutztruppe
François' force was formally established as the Imperial Schutztruppe for German South West Africa by the Reich Law of 9 June 1895.
The German Colonial Society engaged Hauptmann Curt von François to provide security to the territory.

List of colonial governors of South West Africa

Administrator-General of South West AfricaAdministrator of South West AfricaList of colonial governors of South-West Africa

Louis Nels

Nels would maintain this position from August 1890 to March 1891, when he was succeeded by Curt von François (1852–1931).

Geography

geographicalgeographicgeographer
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.

Cartography

cartographercartographicmapping
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.

German colonial empire

German colonyGermany's colonial empireGerman colonies
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.

German Empire

GermanyGermanImperial Germany
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.

German South West Africa

German South-West AfricaGerman Southwest AfricaSouth-West Africa
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892. On October 7, the colony of German South West Africa was established under Reichskommissar governor Gustav Nachtigal.

Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West Africa
Curt Karl Bruno von François (2 October 1852 – 28 December 1931) was a German geographer, cartographer, Schutztruppe officer and commissioner of the imperial colonial army of the German Empire, particularly in German South West Africa (today's Namibia) where he was responsible on behalf of Kaiser for the foundation of the city of Windhoek on 18 October 1890 and the harbor of Swakopmund on 4 August 1892.

Luxembourg City

LuxembourgCity of LuxembourgLuxembourg, Luxembourg
François was born in Luxembourg of French Huguenot ancestry.

Huguenots

HuguenotFrench HuguenotHugenot
François was born in Luxembourg of French Huguenot ancestry.

Prussian Army

Royal Prussian ArmyPrussianArmy
He was the son of Prussian general Bruno von François, who was killed in the battle of Spicheren.

Battle of Spicheren

SpicherenBattle of Forbach-SpicherenBattle of Spichern
He was the son of Prussian general Bruno von François, who was killed in the battle of Spicheren.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
Curt's younger brother Hermann von François (1856–1933) served as a general in World War I and was one of the key contributors to the German victory at the 1914 Battle of Tannenberg.

Battle of Tannenberg

TannenbergBattle of Tannenberg (1914)1914 Battle of Tannenberg
Curt's younger brother Hermann von François (1856–1933) served as a general in World War I and was one of the key contributors to the German victory at the 1914 Battle of Tannenberg.

Louise von François

M. v. FrançoisMarie Louise von François
The writer Louise von François was his aunt.

Cadet Corps

corps of cadetsCadet SchoolBerlin
Like his ancestors, young Curt von François joined the Prussian Cadet Corps.