Cuthbert Grant

more famous son
Cuthbert Grant (1793 – July 15, 1854) was a prominent Métis leader of the early 19th century.wikipedia
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Pemmican Proclamation

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He was recognized as a leader of the Métis people, and became involved in the bitter struggle between the Nor'westers and the Hudson's Bay Company stemming from the Pemmican Proclamation, which forbade anyone from exporting pemmican from the Red River Colony.
Cuthbert Grant, leader of the Métis, disregarded MacDonell's proclamation and continued the exportation of pemmican to the North West Company.

Métis in Canada

MétisMetisMétis people
Cuthbert Grant (1793 – July 15, 1854) was a prominent Métis leader of the early 19th century.
The first red flag was given to Cuthbert Grant in 1815 by the North-West Company.

St. François Xavier, Manitoba

St. François XavierSt. Francois XavierWhite Horse Plains
The settlement was to be known as Grantown for many years then was renamed St. François Xavier after the patron saint of the town.
St. François Xavier had various names including White Horse Plains (La Prairie du Cheval Blanc) and Grantown after its founder Cuthbert Grant.

North West Company

XY CompanyNorthwest CompanyNorthwest Fur Company
His father was a North West Company partner.

Battle of Seven Oaks

Battle of Seven Oaks (1816)its conflictSeven Oaks
This led to the bloody encounter known as the Battle of Seven Oaks, where Robert Semple and 21 colonists from the Red River Colony were killed.
Cuthbert Grant led a group of North West Company employees in 1816 to seize a supply of pemmican from the Hudson's Bay Company that had been stolen from the Métis.

Pascal Breland

(Maria would later marry Pascal Breland, a magistrate at St. François Xavier.)
In 1836 at the age of 25, Breland married then 15-year-old Maria Grant, daughter of Cuthbert Grant.

Robert Semple (Canada)

Robert SempleGovernor SempleSemple
This led to the bloody encounter known as the Battle of Seven Oaks, where Robert Semple and 21 colonists from the Red River Colony were killed.
Cuthbert Grant, the leader of the Metis, wanted to take back Qu’appelle.

Clan Grant

GrantGrantsGrant of Grant
Lord Strathspey, the head of Clan Grant, officially declared Cuthbert Grant a member of his clan at a ceremony held in Winnipeg in July 2012.
During a visit to Winnipeg, Canada in July 2012, the chief of Clan Grant declared that Métis leader Cuthbert Grant was a member of the clan.

Harry Saltzman

har
During the 1960s, Canadian-born James Bond film producer Harry Saltzman attempted to make a film about Grant that would have been shot in Canada.
Saltzman also attempted to make a film about Canadian Métis leader Cuthbert Grant.

Togo, Saskatchewan

Togo
He was born in 1793 at Fort Tremblant, a North West Company trading post located near the present-day town of Togo, Saskatchewan, where his father was a manager.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
In 1801 at the age of 8, he was sent to be educated, perhaps to Scotland, though this is uncertain.

Western Canada

Canadian WestWestern Canadianwestern
It is not known exactly when he returned to Western Canada, but in 1812, he entered the service of the North West Company at the age of 19.

Pays d'en Haut

Enhaultpays d’en hautUpper Country
He then travelled with the spring brigade to the Pays d'en Haut, the "high country" of the northwest.

Hudson's Bay Company

Hudson’s Bay CompanyHBCHudson Bay Company
He was recognized as a leader of the Métis people, and became involved in the bitter struggle between the Nor'westers and the Hudson's Bay Company stemming from the Pemmican Proclamation, which forbade anyone from exporting pemmican from the Red River Colony.

Pemmican

dried meatPemican
He was recognized as a leader of the Métis people, and became involved in the bitter struggle between the Nor'westers and the Hudson's Bay Company stemming from the Pemmican Proclamation, which forbade anyone from exporting pemmican from the Red River Colony.

Red River Colony

Red River SettlementRed RiverSelkirk Settlement
He was recognized as a leader of the Métis people, and became involved in the bitter struggle between the Nor'westers and the Hudson's Bay Company stemming from the Pemmican Proclamation, which forbade anyone from exporting pemmican from the Red River Colony.

Fort Gibraltar

Gibraltar
The capture and destruction of the North West Company's Fort Gibraltar in 1816, caused further anger at the HBC from the Nor'westers and the local Métis.

George Simpson (HBC administrator)

George SimpsonSir George SimpsonGeorge Simpson (administrator)
Despite this, when the two rival companies merged in 1821 under the name the Hudson's Bay Company, the new governor, Sir George Simpson, requested Grant to head a Métis settlement of some 2,000 people situated some 16 miles west of the Red River Colony on the Assiniboine River.

Assiniboine River

Assiniboineof the same nameUpper Red River
Despite this, when the two rival companies merged in 1821 under the name the Hudson's Bay Company, the new governor, Sir George Simpson, requested Grant to head a Métis settlement of some 2,000 people situated some 16 miles west of the Red River Colony on the Assiniboine River.

Windmill

windmillswind millwind
By 1825 wheat was becoming an important food crop and although there were several windmills in operation in the area, Cuthbert Grant was the first to undertake the construction of a watermill.

Watermill

water millmillmills
By 1825 wheat was becoming an important food crop and although there were several windmills in operation in the area, Cuthbert Grant was the first to undertake the construction of a watermill.

Dam

earthfilldamsconcrete-face rock-fill dam
While the exact location is not known, it is probable that it was close to where the Portage Trail crossed the creek; and it is altogether likely that the dam was used as a bridge for crossing the creek during the season of high water.

Sheriff

County SheriffDeputy Sheriffsheriffs
He later became a sheriff and magistrate in the District of Assiniboia.

Magistrate

magistratespolice magistratemagistracy
He later became a sheriff and magistrate in the District of Assiniboia.

Assiniboia

District of AssiniboiaProvisional District of AssiniboiaAssiniboia Club
He later became a sheriff and magistrate in the District of Assiniboia.