Cyperus papyrus

papyrusreedspapyrus sedgepapyrus haulmpapyrus plantpapyrus reedsBulrushesC. papyrusEgyptian papyrus ''(Cyperus papyrus)paper reed
Cyperus papyrus (papyrus, papyrus sedge, paper reed, Indian matting plant, Nile grass) is a species of aquatic flowering plant belonging to the sedge family Cyperaceae.wikipedia
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Cyperaceae

sedgesedgessedge family
Cyperus papyrus (papyrus, papyrus sedge, paper reed, Indian matting plant, Nile grass) is a species of aquatic flowering plant belonging to the sedge family Cyperaceae.
Some well-known sedges include the water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis) and the papyrus sedge (Cyperus papyrus), from which the writing material papyrus was made.

Papyrus

papyripapyriformchartatabidum
Papyrus sedge (and its close relatives) has a very long history of use by humans, notably by the Ancient Egyptians—it is the source of papyrus paper, one of the first types of paper ever made. Egyptians used the plant (which they called aaru) for many purposes, including for making papyrus.
It was made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge.

Aquatic plant

aquaticmacrophyteaquatic plants
Cyperus papyrus (papyrus, papyrus sedge, paper reed, Indian matting plant, Nile grass) is a species of aquatic flowering plant belonging to the sedge family Cyperaceae.
There are many species of emergent plants, among them, the reed (Phragmites), Cyperus papyrus, Typha species, flowering rush and wild rice species.

Reed boat

reed boatsboatspapyrus boats
From the stems were made reed boats (seen in bas-reliefs of the Fourth Dynasty showing men cutting papyrus to build a boat; similar boats are still made in southern Sudan), sails, mats, cloth, cordage, and sandals.
The Ancient Egyptians built boats from papyrus reeds, which were widely cultivated along the Nile River and Delta.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianAncient Egyptian
Papyrus sedge (and its close relatives) has a very long history of use by humans, notably by the Ancient Egyptians—it is the source of papyrus paper, one of the first types of paper ever made.
Discovered by Egyptologist David O'Connor of New York University, woven straps were found to have been used to lash the planks together, and reeds or grass stuffed between the planks helped to seal the seams.

Nile Delta

DeltaEgyptian DeltaNile River Delta
Papyrus sedge forms vast stands in swamps, shallow lakes, and along stream banks throughout the wetter parts of Africa, but it has become rare in the Nile Delta.
The Upper Nile plant is the Egyptian lotus, and the Lower Nile plant is the Papyrus Sedge (Cyperus papyrus), although it is not nearly as plentiful as it once was, and is becoming quite rare.

Sudd

suddSaharan flooded grasslandsSudd swamps
In deeper waters, it is the chief constituent of the floating, tangled masses of vegetation known as sudd.

Ark of bulrushes

reed" basketwatertight cradle
The "rush" or "reed" basket in which the Biblical figure Moses was placed may have been made from papyrus.
The "bulrushes" (גֹּ֫מֶא gome) were likely to have been papyrus stalks (Cyperus papyrus), daubed with bitumen and pitch (which probably refers to the sticky mud of the Nile).

Okavango Delta

OkavangoDeltaOkavango Swamp
Fishermen in the Okavango Delta use small sections of the stem as floats for their nets.
Papyrus and reed rafts make up a large part of the Okavango's vegetation.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Cyperus papyrus (papyrus, papyrus sedge, paper reed, Indian matting plant, Nile grass) is a species of aquatic flowering plant belonging to the sedge family Cyperaceae.

Hardiness (plants)

hardyhardinesstender
It is a tender herbaceous perennial, native to Africa, and forms tall stands of reed-like swamp vegetation in shallow water.

Herbaceous plant

herbherbaceousherbs
It is a tender herbaceous perennial, native to Africa, and forms tall stands of reed-like swamp vegetation in shallow water.

Perennial plant

perennialperennialsherbaceous perennial
It is a tender herbaceous perennial, native to Africa, and forms tall stands of reed-like swamp vegetation in shallow water.

Native plant

nativenative plantsindigenous
It is a tender herbaceous perennial, native to Africa, and forms tall stands of reed-like swamp vegetation in shallow water.

Ornamental plant

ornamental treeornamentalornamentals
It is now often cultivated as an ornamental plant.

Rhizome

rhizomatousrhizomesRhizomatic
It forms a grass-like clump of triangular green stems that rise up from thick, woody rhizomes.

Flower

flowersfloralflowering
Greenish-brown flower clusters eventually appear at the ends of the rays, giving way to brown, nut-like fruits.

Fruit

fruitsfruitingfresh fruit
Greenish-brown flower clusters eventually appear at the ends of the rays, giving way to brown, nut-like fruits.

Leaf

leavesaxilfoliage
Botanically, these represent reduced leaves, so strictly it is not quite correct to call this plant fully "leafless".

Egyptians

EgyptianEgyptian peopleEgypt
Egyptians used the plant (which they called aaru) for many purposes, including for making papyrus.

Koine Greek

GreekKoineNew Testament Greek
Its name has an uncertain origin, but was rendered in Hellenistic Greek as πάπυρος.

Extinction

extinctspecies extinction
Cyperus papyrus is now used mainly for decoration, as it is nearly extinct in its native habitat in the Nile Delta, where in ancient times it was widely cultivated.

Theophrastus

TheophrastosOn Stonescharacter study
Theophrastus's History of Plants (Book iv.

Syria

Syrian Arab RepublicSyrianEtymology of Syria
10) states that it grew in Syria, and according to Pliny's Natural History, it was also a native plant of the Niger River and the Euphrates.

Pliny the Elder

PlinyPlin.Plinius
10) states that it grew in Syria, and according to Pliny's Natural History, it was also a native plant of the Niger River and the Euphrates.