A report on CyprusTurkeyGreece and Cyprus problem

Ottoman admiral, geographer and cartographer Piri Reis' historical map of Cyprus
A Greek Cypriot demonstration in the 1930s in favour of Enosis (union) with Greece
A copper mine in Cyprus. In antiquity, Cyprus was a major source of copper.
Some henges at Göbekli Tepe were erected as far back as 9600 BC, predating those of Stonehenge, England, by over seven millennia.
The entrance of the Treasury of Atreus (13th BC) in Mycenae
The "Green Line" in Nicosia, Cyprus.
The Great Seljuk Empire in 1092, upon the death of Malik Shah I
Herodotus (c. 484 BC—c. 425 BC), often considered the "father of history"
The north–south checkpoint has been open since 2003
Archeologic site of Khirokitia with early remains of human habitation during Aceramic Neolithic period (reconstruction)
The Second Ottoman Siege of Vienna in 1683 (the First Siege was in 1529) initiated the Great Turkish War (1683–1699) between the Ottomans and a Holy League of European states.
Fresco displaying the Minoan ritual of "bull leaping", found in Knossos
Proposed flag of the United Republic of Cyprus
Zeus Keraunios, 500–480 BC, Nicosia museum
Armenian civilians being deported during the Armenian genocide
Greek territories and colonies during the Archaic period (750–550 BC)
Former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan was the creator of the Annan plan.
The Walls of Nicosia were built by the Venetians to defend the city in case of an Ottoman attack
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder and first President of the Turkish Republic, with the Liberal Republican Party leader Fethi Okyar (right) and Okyar's daughter in Yalova, 13 August 1930.
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, icon of classical Greece.
Atatürk Square, North Nicosia in 2006
Kyrenia Castle was originally built by the Byzantines and enlarged by the Venetians
Eighteen female deputies joined the Turkish Parliament with the 1935 general elections. Turkish women gained the right to vote and to hold elected office as a mark of the far-reaching social changes initiated by Atatürk.
Alexander the Great, whose conquests led to the Hellenistic Age.
Opening of Ledra Street in April 2008
Büyük Han, a caravanserai in Nicosia, is an example of the surviving Ottoman architecture in Cyprus.
Roosevelt, İnönü and Churchill at the Second Cairo Conference, 1943.
Map of Alexander's short-lived empire (334–323 BC). After his death the lands were divided between the Diadochi
Greek Cypriot negotiator Andreas Mavroyiannis and the Turkish Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs Feridun Sinirlioğlu, in Ankara, within the scope of the 2014 Cyprus talks
Hoisting the British flag at Nicosia
Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Ankara, is visited by large crowds every year during national holidays, such as Republic Day on 29 October.
The Antikythera mechanism (c. 100 BC) is considered to be the first known mechanical analog computer (National Archaeological Museum, Athens).
Under the control of the Republic of Cyprus
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Turkey
Greece
Greek Cypriot demonstrations for Enosis (union with Greece) in 1930
Istanbul Çağlayan Justice Palace is a courthouse in the Şişli district of Istanbul.
A view from the ancient royal Macedonian tombs in Vergina
A British soldier facing a crowd of Greek Cypriot demonstrators in Nicosia (1956)
After becoming one of the early members of the Council of Europe in 1950, Turkey became an associate member of the EEC in 1963, joined the EU Customs Union in 1995 and started full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005.
The Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens, built in 161 AD
Ethnic map of Cyprus according to the 1960 census.
The Turkish Armed Forces collectively rank as the second-largest standing military force in NATO, after the US Armed Forces. Turkey joined the alliance in 1952.
Dome of Hagia Sophia, Thessaloniki (8th century), one of the 15 UNESCO's Paleochristian and Byzantine monuments of the city
Varosha (Maraş), a suburb of Famagusta, was abandoned when its inhabitants fled in 1974 and remains under Turkish military control
The 2015 G20 Summit held in Antalya, Turkey, a founding member of the OECD (1961) and G20 (1999).
The Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes, originally built in the late 7th century as a Byzantine citadel and beginning from 1309 used by the Knights Hospitaller as an administrative centre
A map showing the division of Cyprus
TAI Anka and Bayraktar TB2 are the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) used by the Turkish Armed Forces.
The Byzantine (Eastern Roman) Empire after the death of Basil II in 1025
Foreign Ministers of the European Union countries in Limassol during Cyprus Presidency of the EU in 2012
TCG Anadolu (L-400) is an amphibious assault ship-aircraft carrier developed for the Turkish Navy
The Byzantine castle of Angelokastro successfully repulsed the Ottomans during the First Great Siege of Corfu in 1537, the siege of 1571, and the Second Great Siege of Corfu in 1716, causing them to abandon their plans to conquer Corfu.
Cyprus taken from space by the International Space Station in 2021
Feminist demonstration in Kadıköy, Istanbul on 29 July 2017
The White Tower of Thessaloniki, one of the best-known Ottoman structures remaining in Greece.
Sea caves at Cape Greco.
Turkish journalists protesting the imprisonment of their colleagues on Human Rights Day in 2016.
The sortie (exodus) of Messolonghi, depicting the Third Siege of Missolonghi, painted by Theodoros Vryzakis.
The Troodos Mountains experience heavy snowfall in winter
Istanbul Pride organized in 2003 for the first time. Since 2015, parades in Istanbul were denied permission by the government. The denials were based on security concerns, but critics claimed the bans were ideological. Despite the refusal hundreds of people defied the ban each year.
The Battle of Navarino in 1827 secured Greek independence.
Kouris Dam overflow in April 2012
Topographic map of Turkey
The Entry of King Otto in Athens, painted by Peter von Hess in 1839.
Presidential Palace, Nicosia
Sumela Monastery in the Pontic Mountains, which form an ecoregion with diverse temperate rainforest types, flora and fauna in northern Anatolia.
The territorial evolution of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1947.
Nicos Anastasiades, President of Cyprus since 2013.
A white Turkish Angora cat with odd eyes (heterochromia), which is common among the Angoras.
Hellenic Army formation in the World War I Victory Parade in Arc de Triomphe, Paris, July 1919.
Dhekelia Power Station
Köppen climate classification of Turkey
Map of Greater Greece after the Treaty of Sèvres, when the Megali Idea seemed close to fulfillment, featuring Eleftherios Venizelos as its supervising genius.
Welcoming ceremony of the former Russian president Dmitry Medvedev by the soldiers of the Cypriot National Guard.
Istanbul is the largest city and financial centre of Turkey.
The Axis occupation of Greece.
Supreme Court of Justice
A proportional representation of Turkey's exports, 2019
People in Athens celebrate the liberation from the Axis powers, October 1944. Postwar Greece would soon experience a civil war and political polarization.
A proportional representation of Cyprus's exports, 2019
Marmaris in the Turkish Riviera
Signing at Zappeion by Constantine Karamanlis of the documents for the accession of Greece to the European Communities in 1979.
Central Bank of Cyprus
Istanbul Airport main terminal building has an annual passenger capacity of 90 million and making it the world's largest airport terminal building under a single roof.
Navagio (shipwreck) bay, Zakynthos island
Cyprus is part of a monetary union, the eurozone (dark blue) and of the EU single market.
A TCDD HT80000 high-speed train of the Turkish State Railways
The Greek mainland and several small islands seen from Nydri, Lefkada
Limassol General Hospital
Göktürk-1, Göktürk-2 and Göktürk-3 are the Earth observation satellites of the Turkish Ministry of National Defense, while state-owned Türksat operates the Türksat series of communications satellites.
Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece and mythical abode of the Gods of Olympus
A1 Motorway between Agios Athanasios junction and Mesa Ghetonia junction in Limassol
Total fertility rate in Turkey by province (2021)
The building of the Hellenic Parliament (Old Royal Palace) in central Athens.
Population growth, 1961–2003 (numbers for the entire island, excluding Turkish settlers residing in Northern Cyprus).
CIA map of areas with a Kurdish majority
Count Ioannis Kapodistrias, first governor, founder of the modern Greek State, and distinguished European diplomat
2010 population by age and gender
Sancaklar Mosque is a contemporary mosque in Istanbul
Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Prime Minister since 2019
The Armenian Alphabet at the Melkonian Educational Institute. Armenian is recognised as a minority language in Cyprus.
The Church of St. Anthony of Padua on İstiklal Avenue, in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul. There are 234 active churches in the city.
Representation through: 
 embassy
 embassy in another country
 general consulate
 no representation
 Greece
Faneromeni School is the oldest all-girl primary school in Cyprus.
Istanbul Technical University is the world's third-oldest technical university.
GDP per capita development
The entrance of the historic Pancyprian Gymnasium
Istanbul University was founded in 1453 as a Darülfünûn. On 1 August 1933 it was reorganised and became the Republic's first university.
A proportional representation of Greece exports, 2019
Typical Cypriot architecture in old part of Nicosia, Cyprus
Acıbadem Hospital in Altunizade neighborhood of Üsküdar, İstanbul
Greece's debt percentage since 1977, compared to the average of the Eurozone
Laouto, dominant instrument of the Cypriot traditional music.
Ortaköy Mosque is a good example of the Westernisation of Islamic-Ottoman architecture. Many Baroque architecture elements can be seen in it.
Sun-drying of Zante currant on Zakynthos
Zeno of Citium, founder of the Stoic school of philosophy.
Ottoman miniature which can be linked to the Persian miniature tradition, as well as strong Chinese artistic influences.
Solar-power generation potential in Greece
Ioannis Kigalas (c. 1622–1687) was a Nicosia born Greek Cypriot scholar and professor of Philosophy who was largely active in the 17th century.
Namık Kemal's works had a profound influence on Atatürk and other Turkish statesmen who established the Turkish Republic.
Greek companies control 16.2% of the world's total merchant fleet making it the largest in the world. They are ranked in the top 5 for all kinds of ships, including first for tankers and bulk carriers.
Cypriot meze
Nobel-laureate Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk and his Turkish Angora cat at his personal writing space
Santorini, a popular tourist destination, is ranked as the world's top island in many travel magazines and sites.
Cypriot Halloumi
Süreyya Opera House is situated in the Asian side of Istanbul and Atatürk Cultural Center is the main Opera House in the European side of the city.
The Rio–Antirrio bridge connects mainland Greece to the Peloponnese.
Cypriot style café in an arcade in Nicosia
Referred to as Süperstar by the Turkish media, Ajda Pekkan is a prominent figure of Turkish pop music, with a career spanning decades and a repertoire of diverse musical styles.
Thessaloniki Science Center and Technology Museum
Spyros Kyprianou Athletic Centre in Limassol
Barış Manço was a Turkish rock musician and one of the founders of the Anatolian rock genre.
Georgios Papanikolaou, a pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection
Cypri insvla nova descript 1573, Ioannes á Deutecum f[ecit]. Map of Cyprus newly drawn by Johannes van Deutecom, 1573.
Turkey won the silver medal at the 2010 FIBA World Championship.
Hermoupolis, on the island of Syros, is the capital of the Cyclades.
VakıfBank S.K. has won the FIVB Volleyball Women's Club World Championship in 2017 and 2018, and the 2017–18 CEV Women's Champions League for the fourth time in their history.
Population pyramid of Greece in 2017
TRT World is the international news platform of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation.
Our Lady of Tinos
The closing ceremony of the annual International Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival takes place at the Aspendos amphitheatre.
Regions with a traditional presence of languages other than Greek. Today, Greek is the dominant language throughout the country.
A map of the fifty countries with the largest Greek diaspora communities.
The Academy of Athens is Greece's national academy and the highest research establishment in the country.
The Ionian Academy in Corfu, the first academic institution of modern Greece.
The Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus, still used for theatrical plays.
Close-up of the Charioteer of Delphi, a celebrated statue from the 5th century BC.
Towerhouses of Vatheia in Mani peninsula
Nobile Teatro di San Giacomo di Corfù, the first theatre and opera house of modern Greece
Parnassos Literary Society, painted by Georgios Roilos (Kostis Palamas is at the center)
A statue of Plato in Athens.
Cretan dancers of traditional folk music
Rebetes in Karaiskaki, Piraeus (1933). Left Markos Vamvakaris with bouzouki.
Mikis Theodorakis was one of the most popular and significant Greek composers
A Greek salad, with feta and olives.
Theodoros Angelopoulos, winner of the Palme d'Or in 1998, notable director in the history of the European cinema
Spyridon Louis entering the Panathenaic Stadium at the end of the marathon; 1896 Summer Olympics.
Angelos Charisteas scoring Greece's winning goal in the UEFA Euro 2004 Final
The Greek national basketball team in 2008. Twice European champions (1987 and 2005) and second in the world in 2006
Procession in honor of the Assumption of Virgin Mary (15 August)

It shares borders with the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest.

- Turkey

It is the third-largest and third-most populous island in the Mediterranean, and is south of Turkey and west of Syria.

- Cyprus

Cyprus is located off the south coast.

- Turkey

Greece shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast.

- Greece

The international complications of the dispute stretch beyond the boundaries of the island of Cyprus itself and involve the guarantor powers under the Zürich and London Agreement (Greece, Turkey, and the United Kingdom), the United Nations, and the European Union, along with (unofficially) the United States and formerly the interference of Czechoslovakia and the Eastern Bloc.

- Cyprus problem

Although the Republic of Cyprus is recognised by the international community as the sole legitimate state, the north is under the de facto administration of the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, on which the Turkish Armed Forces are stationed.

- Cyprus problem

From the 19th century onwards, the Greek Cypriot population pursued enosis, union with Greece, which became a Greek national policy in the 1950s.

- Cyprus

These events and the resulting political situation are matters of a continuing dispute.

- Cyprus

While most of mainland Greece and the Aegean islands was under Ottoman control by the end of the 15th century, Cyprus and Crete remained Venetian territory and did not fall to the Ottomans until 1571 and 1670 respectively.

- Greece

However, negotiations for solving the Cyprus dispute are still ongoing between Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot political leaders.

- Turkey

Following the resolution of the Macedonia naming dispute with the Prespa Agreement in 2018, the Ministry identifies two remaining issues of particular importance to the Greek state: Turkish challenges to Greek sovereignty rights in the Aegean Sea and corresponding airspace and the Cyprus dispute involving the Turkish occupation of Northern Cyprus.

- Greece

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