Czech National Revival

National RevivalCzech nationalismCzech national movementCzech nationalistCzech national causeCzech revival movementlocal independence movementmovement for Czech national revivalnational awakenersnational awakening
The Czech National Revival was a cultural movement which took place in the Czech lands during the 18th and 19th centuries.wikipedia
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Czech language

CzechcsCzech-language
The purpose of this movement was to revive the Czech language, culture and national identity. As a result, the Czech language has been restored as an official language in the Czech lands and is now used by the vast majority of Czechs, and serves as an official language in the Czech Republic.
In the later 18th to mid-19th century, the modern written standard became codified in the context of the Czech National Revival.

Josef Dobrovský

Josef DobrovskyDobrovskyDobrovský
The most prominent figures of the revival movement were Josef Dobrovský and Josef Jungmann.
Josef Dobrovský (17 August, 1753 – 6 January, 1829) was a Czech philologist and historian, one of the most important figures of the Czech National Revival along with Josef Jungmann.

Josef Jungmann

JungmannJoseph JungmannJungmann, Joseph
The most prominent figures of the revival movement were Josef Dobrovský and Josef Jungmann.
Josef Jungmann (16 July 1773 in Hudlice, near Beroun – 14 November 1847 in Prague) was a Czech poet and linguist, and a leading figure of the Czech National Revival.

Battle of White Mountain

White MountainBílá Horabattle of Prague
Following the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, Czech lands experienced Germanisation politics spearheaded by the Habsburg Emperors.
The result of the 1620 battle brought two centuries of recatholicization of the Czech lands and the decline of the Czech-speaking aristocracy and elite as well as the Czech language (accompanied with the growing influence of German-speaking elites), a process that was slowed down by the Czech National Revival starting in the late 18th century.

Matice česká

This work was published by the Matice česká, an institution created by František Palacký in 1831 as a branch of the National Museum.
It was an important milestone in Czech National Revival.

Czechs

CzechCzech peopleBohemian
As a result, the Czech language has been restored as an official language in the Czech lands and is now used by the vast majority of Czechs, and serves as an official language in the Czech Republic.
The Czech National Revival took place in the 18th and 19th centuries aiming to revive Czech language, culture and national identity.

Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech Republic
As a result, the Czech language has been restored as an official language in the Czech lands and is now used by the vast majority of Czechs, and serves as an official language in the Czech Republic. This violent re-Catholization has been suggested to be one of the reasons behind today's widespread Czech atheism.
During the 18th and 19th century the Czech National Revival began its rise, with the purpose to revive Czech language, culture and national identity.

Božena Němcová

NěmcováBozena NemcováNěmcová!
This can be seen in the work of Božena Němcová, whose novel The Grandmother explores life in a rural East Bohemian village.
Božena Němcová (4 February 1820 in Vienna – 21 January 1862 in Prague) was a Czech writer of the final phase of the Czech National Revival movement.

Karel Jaromír Erben

ErbenKarel Jaromir ErbenErben, Karel Jaromír
In a similar fashion to how the Brothers Grimm recorded German folklore, Karel Jaromír Erben wrote Prostonárodní české písně a říkadla (Czech Folk Songs and Nursery Rhymes) which brought together various folktales.
He was member of the Czech National Revival, and politically he was also a sympathizer of Illyrian movement and Russian Slavophilia for entrenched populations of Slavs in other parts of the world.

Czech chemical nomenclature

his chemistry textbooks
*Czech chemical nomenclature
Growth of the industry in the region during the 19th century, and the nationalistic fervour of the Czech National Revival, led to the development of Czech terminologies for natural and applied sciences.

Czech lands

Czechhistorical landRegion
The Czech National Revival was a cultural movement which took place in the Czech lands during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Germanisation

GermanizationGermanizedGermanised
Following the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, Czech lands experienced Germanisation politics spearheaded by the Habsburg Emperors.

House of Habsburg

HabsburgHabsburgsHabsburg dynasty
Following the Battle of White Mountain in 1620, Czech lands experienced Germanisation politics spearheaded by the Habsburg Emperors.

Hussites

HussiteHussitismHussite movement
The oppression was also connected with religion – up to 95% of the inhabitants of Bohemia were Protestants (See Hussite) when the Habsburgs took power.

Charles University

Charles University in PragueUniversity of PraguePrague
During the two following centuries the Czech language had been more or less eradicated from state administration, literature, schools, Charles University and among the upper classes.

Václav Hanka

Vaclav HankaRukopis královédvorskýWenceslaus Hanka
In 1817, Václav Hanka claimed to have discovered medieval Manuscripts of Dvůr Králové and of Zelená Hora, which were decades later proven as Hanka's and Linda's forgeries.

Manuscripts of Dvůr Králové and Zelená Hora

Manuscripts of Dvůr Králové and of Zelená HoraRukopis královédvorskýDvůr Králové Manuscript
In 1817, Václav Hanka claimed to have discovered medieval Manuscripts of Dvůr Králové and of Zelená Hora, which were decades later proven as Hanka's and Linda's forgeries.

National Theatre (Prague)

National TheatrePrague National TheatreNational Theatre in Prague
The National Theatre opened in 1883 and the National Museum in 1818.

Brothers Grimm

The Brothers GrimmGrimmGrimm brothers
In a similar fashion to how the Brothers Grimm recorded German folklore, Karel Jaromír Erben wrote Prostonárodní české písně a říkadla (Czech Folk Songs and Nursery Rhymes) which brought together various folktales.

Bible of Kralice

Kralice BibleBible kralickáCzech Bible of Kralice
Jungmann used vocabulary of the Bible of Kralice (1579–1613) period and of the language used by his contemporaries.

National Museum (Prague)

National MuseumNational Museum in PragueCzech National Museum
The National Theatre opened in 1883 and the National Museum in 1818.

Czech literature

CzechCzech writerliterature
Modern literature may be divided into the periods of national awakening in the 19th century; the avant-garde of the interwar period (1918-39); the years under Communism and the Prague Spring (1948-90); and the literature of the post-Communist Czech Republic (1992-present).

Josef Kajetán Tyl

J.K. TylhimselfTyl
He was a notable figure in the Czech National Revival movement and is best known as the author of the current national anthem of the Czech Republic titled Kde domov můj?.

Kolowrat family

KolowratHouse of KolowratKolowrat-Krakowska
The House of Kolowrat is a Czech noble family that had a prominent role in the history and administration of their native Kingdom of Bohemia as well as the Holy Roman Empire and later the Habsburg Monarchy as high-ranking officials and supporters of the Czech National Revival.

Josef Jiří Kolár

He started studying philosophy (influenced by Augustin Smetana), natural science and philology at Charles University in 1830 and became interested in the Czech revival movement.