Czech Republic

🇨🇿CzechCZEthe Czech RepublicCZCzechiaCzechsCzech RepCzech Rep.Bohemia
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.wikipedia
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Austria

🇦🇹AUTAustrian
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Slovakia

🇸🇰SlovakSVK
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest.

Brno

BrünnBrno, Czech RepublicBrunn
Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen.
Brno (Brünn ) is the second largest city in the Czech Republic by population and area, the largest Moravian city, and the historical capital city of the Margraviate of Moravia.

Poland

🇵🇱PolishPOL
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast.
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and Czech Republic, to the south, and Germany to the west.

Plzeň

PilsenPlzeň, Czechoslovakia Plzeň Božkov
Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen.
Plzeň, also called Pilsen in English and German, is a city in the Czech Republic.

Ostrava

Moravská OstravaOstrauMährisch-Ostrau
Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen.
Ostrava (Ostrawa, Ostrau or Mährisch Ostrau) is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic and is the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region.

Moravia

MoravaMoravianMähren
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Moravia (Morava; ; Morawy; Moravia) is a historical country in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

Bohemia

BohemianCzechČechy
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Bohemia (Čechy; ; Czechy; Bohemia) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.

Great Moravia

MoraviaMoraviansGreat Moravian Empire
The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire.
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina).

Kingdom of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianBohemian Crown
In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century.
The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.

Education in the Czech Republic

Czech Republiceducation systemElementary and Practical school
The Czech Republic is a welfare state with a "continental" European social model, a universal health care system, tuition-free university education and is ranked 14th in the Human Capital Index.
Education in the Czech Republic includes elementary school, secondary school, and post-secondary school.

Czech Silesia

SilesiaSilesianAustrian Silesia
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Czech Silesia (České Slezsko, Tschechisch-Schlesien, Śląsk Czeski; sometimes Moravian Silesia, Moravské Slezsko,, Mährisch-Schlesien, Śląsk Morawski) is the name given to the part of the historical region of Silesia presently located in the Czech Republic.

Czech language

CzechcsCzech-language
With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism.
Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic.

Bohemian Reformation

ReformationBohemianBohemian Brethren
In the Hussite Wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and defeated five consecutive crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Catholic Church.
The Bohemian Reformation (also known as the Czech Reformation or Hussite Reformation), preceding the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century, was a Christian movement in the late medieval and early modern Kingdom and Crown of Bohemia (mostly what is now present-day Czech Republic, Silesia and Lusatia) striving for a reform of the Roman Catholic Church.

Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

dissolutionVelvet Divorcebreakup
On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia (Rozdělení Československa, Rozdelenie Česko-Slovenska), which took effect on 1 January 1993, was an event that saw the self-determined split of the federal state of Czechoslovakia into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, entities that had arisen before as the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic in 1969 within the framework of a federal republic.

Name of the Czech Republic

approved ''CzechiaCzechiaOther languages
The Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs recommended the English name Czechia in 1993, and the Czech government approved Czechia as the official short name in 2016.
The Czech Republic's official formal and short names at the United Nations are Česká republika and Česko in Czech, and the Czech Republic and Czechia in English.

Silesia

ŚląskSilesianSchlesien
The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Silesia (Śląsk ; Slezsko; ; Silesian German: Schläsing; Silesian: Ślůnsk ; Šlazyńska; ; Silesia) is a historical region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.

Polish language

Polishplpol.
The current English name comes from the Polish ethnonym associated with the area, which ultimately comes from the Czech word Čech.
It is also spoken as a second language in northern Czech Republic and Slovakia, Hungary, western parts of Belarus and Ukraine, and central-western Lithuania.

Olomouc

OlmützOlomouc, Czech RepublicOlmutz
After the Battle of Legnica in Poland, the Mongols carried their raids into Moravia, but were defensively defeated at the fortified town of Olomouc.
Olomouc (, ; locally Holomóc or Olomóc; Olmütz; Latin: Olomucium or Iuliomontium; Ołomuniec ; Alamóc) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic.

Black Sea

BlackPonticEuxine Sea
Slavs from the Black Sea–Carpathian region settled in the area (a movement that was also stimulated by the onslaught of peoples from Siberia and Eastern Europe: Huns, Avars, Bulgars and Magyars).
About a third of Europe drains into the Black Sea, including the countries of Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine.

Říp Mountain

Říphistorical mountain Rip
The name comes from the Slavic tribe (Češi, Čechové) and, according to legend, their leader Čech, who brought them to Bohemia, to settle on Říp Mountain.
Říp is located 20 km south-east of Litoměřice, Czech Republic.

List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

Inequality-adjusted Human Development Indexinequality-adjusted HDIinequality-adjusted human development
The UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development.

Carpathian Mountains

CarpathiansCarpathianSłonne Mountain
Slavs from the Black Sea–Carpathian region settled in the area (a movement that was also stimulated by the onslaught of peoples from Siberia and Eastern Europe: Huns, Avars, Bulgars and Magyars).
The Carpathians consist of a chain of mountain ranges that stretch in an arc from the Czech Republic (3%) in the northwest through Slovakia (17%), Poland (10%), Hungary (4%) and Ukraine (10%) Serbia (5%) and Romania (50%) in the southeast.

Czech Gothic architecture

GothicJagiellonian Gothicarchitect
Much of Prague Castle and the cathedral of Saint Vitus in Gothic style were completed during his reign.
Czech Gothic architecture refers to the architectural period primarily of the Late Middle Ages in the area of the present-day Czech Republic (former Crown of Bohemia, primarily consisting of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia).