Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech RepublicCzechiaCZCzechsCzech Rep.TschechienBohemia-MoraviaČesko
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast.wikipedia
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Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast.
It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast.
It is bordered by Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

Slovakia

SlovakSVKSlovak Republic
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czech Republic to the northwest.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
The Czech Republic (Česká republika ), also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast.
Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast to the north, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west.

Ostrava

Ostrava, Czech RepublicMoravská OstravaMährisch-Ostrau
Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.
Ostrava (, locally: ; Ostrawa, Ostrau) is a city in the north-east of the Czech Republic, and the capital of the Moravian-Silesian Region.

Brno

BrünnBrno, Czech RepublicBrunn
Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.
Brno (, ; Brünn ) is a city in the South Moravian Region of the Czechia.

Plzeň

PilsenPlzenPilzen
Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.
Plzeň (German and English: Pilsen, ) is a city in the Czech Republic.

Moravia

Habsburg MoraviaMoravianMorava
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Moravia (, also, ; Morava ; Mähren ; Morawy ; Moravia) is a historical region in the Czech Republic (forming its eastern part) and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

Olomouc

OlmützOlmutzOlomouc, Czech Republic
Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.
Olomouc (,, ; locally Holomóc or Olomóc; Olmütz; Ołomuniec ; Alamóc; Olomucium or Iuliomontium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic.

Bohemia

BohemianBöhmenAustrian Bohemia
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Bohemia (Čechy; ; Czechy; Bohemia; פּיהם ) is the westernmost and largest historical region of the Czech lands in the present-day Czech Republic.

Great Moravia

MoraviaGreat Moravian EmpireMoravians
The Czech state was formed in the late ninth century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire.
Great Moravia (Regnum Marahensium; Μεγάλη Μοραβία, Megálī Moravía; ; Veľká Morava ; Wielkie Morawy), the Great Moravian Empire, or simply Moravia, was the first major state that was predominantly West Slavic to emerge in the area of Central Europe, chiefly on what is now the territory of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland (including Silesia), Hungary, and Serbia (Vojvodina).

Kingdom of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianBohemian Kingdom
In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy; and became the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198, reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century.
The Kingdom of Bohemia, sometimes later in English literature referred to as the Czech Kingdom (České království; Königreich Böhmen; Regnum Bohemiae, sometimes Regnum Czechorum), was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Central Europe, the predecessor of the modern Czech Republic.

Czech Silesia

SilesiaSilesianMoravian Silesia
The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Czech Silesia (, also, ; České Slezsko; ; ; Tschechisch-Schlesien; Śląsk Czeski) is the name given to the part of the historical region of Silesia located in present-day the Czech Republic.

Czech language

CzechcsCzech-language
With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire (1804 to 1867) and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism.
Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic.

Bohemian Reformation

Czech ReformationHussite ReformationProtestant
The Protestant Bohemian Reformation of the 15th century led to the Hussite Wars, the first of many conflicts with the Catholic Church.
The Bohemian Reformation (also known as the Czech Reformation or Hussite Reformation), preceding the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century, was a Christian movement in the late medieval and early modern Kingdom and Crown of Bohemia (mostly what is now present-day Czech Republic, Silesia and Lusatia) striving for a reform of the Roman Catholic Church.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechCzechoslovakian
Czechoslovakia was the only democracy in Central Europe during the interwar period.
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia ( Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko ), was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993.

Dissolution of Czechoslovakia

Velvet Divorcedissolutiondissolved
On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
The Dissolution of Czechoslovakia (Rozdělení Československa, Rozdelenie Česko-Slovenska), which took effect on 1 January 1993, was an event that saw the self-determined split of the federal republic of Czechoslovakia into the independent countries of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Education in the Czech Republic

Czech Republicdegreeseducation system
It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care, and tuition-free university education.
Education in the Czech Republic includes elementary school, secondary school, and post-secondary school.

Silesia

SchlesienŚląskSilesian
The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.
Silesia (, also, ; Śląsk ; Slezsko ; Schlesien ; ; ; Šlazyńska; ; Silesia) is a historical region of Central Europe located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic and Germany.

Name of the Czech Republic

approved ''CzechiaCzechiaOther languages
The Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs recommended the English name Czechia in 1993, and the Czech government approved Czechia as the official short name in 2016.
The Czech Republic's official formal and short names at the United Nations are Česká republika and Česko in Czech, and the Czech Republic and Czechia in English.

Carpathian Mountains

CarpathiansCarpathianSłonne Mountain
Slavs from the Black Sea–Carpathian region settled in the area (a movement that was also stimulated by the onslaught of peoples from Siberia and Eastern Europe: Huns, Avars, Bulgars and Magyars).
The range stretches from the far eastern Czech Republic (3%) in the northwest through Slovakia (17%), Poland (10%), Hungary (4%) and Ukraine (10%) Serbia (5%) and Romania (50%) in the southeast.

Polish language

PolishplPolish-language
The current English name comes from the Polish ethnonym associated with the area, which ultimately comes from the Czech word Čech.
It is also spoken as a second language in Northern Czech Republic and Slovakia, western parts of Belarus and Ukraine as well as in Central-Western Lithuania and Latvia.

Říp Mountain

Říphistorical mountain Rip
The name comes from the Slavic tribe (Češi, Čechové) and, according to legend, their leader Čech, who brought them to Bohemia, to settle on Říp Mountain.
Říp is located 20 km south-east of Litoměřice, Czech Republic.

Czech Gothic architecture

GothicJagiellonian Gothicarchitect
Much of Prague Castle and the cathedral of Saint Vitus in Gothic style were completed during his reign.
Czech Gothic architecture refers to the architectural period primarily of the Late Middle Ages in the area of the present-day Czech Republic (former Crown of Bohemia, primarily consisting of the Kingdom of Bohemia and Margraviate of Moravia).

Prague Castle

PragueCastle of PraguePražský hrad
Much of Prague Castle and the cathedral of Saint Vitus in Gothic style were completed during his reign.
Prague Castle (Pražský hrad; ) is a castle complex in Prague, Czech Republic, built in the 9th century.