A report on Ostrava and Czech Silesia

Self-governing districts of Ostrava
Czech Silesia now lies across several of the northern regions
Cadastral areas of Ostrava
City logo
The Church of St. Wenceslaus, one of the oldest and most important monuments of Ostrava
Marian Column (1702) at Masaryk Square
The Sophienhütte ironworks, c. 1910
Miloš Sýkora Bridge over the Ostravice River and Silesian Ostrava Town Hall
Leoš Janáček Airport Ostrava
Ostrava trams in their traditional blue and white livery at the "Nová Ves vodárna" stop
Railway station Ostrava-Svinov
The Ostravice River
Inside the Antonín Dvořák Theatre
Colours of Ostrava
Ostrava Puppet Theatre
Jirásek Square, former chicken market (kuří rynek), in Moravská Ostrava
Heyrovský Secondary Industrial School and High School
VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava
VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava – Ceremonial Hall
Vítkovice stadium

Ostrava is the third largest city in the Czech Republic in terms of both population and area, the second largest city in the region of Moravia, and the largest city in the historical land of Czech Silesia.

- Ostrava

With the city of Ostrava roughly in its geographic center, the area comprises much of the modern region of Moravian-Silesia (save for its southern edges) and, in its far west, a small part of the Olomouc Region around the city of Jeseník.

- Czech Silesia

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Czech Republic

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Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

The Crown of Bohemia within the Holy Roman Empire (1600). The Czech lands were part of the Empire in 1002–1806, and Prague was the imperial seat in 1346–1437 and 1583–1611.
Battle between Hussites and crusaders during the Hussite Wars; Jena Codex, 15th century
The 1618 Defenestration of Prague marked the beginning of the Bohemian Revolt against the Habsburgs and therefore the first phase of the Thirty Years' War.
The First Czechoslovak Republic comprised 27% of the population of the former Austria-Hungary and nearly 80% of the industry.
Prague during the 1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia
Václav Havel, one of the most important figures in the history of the 20th century. Leader of the Velvet Revolution, the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic.
Topographic map
The Chamber of Deputies, lower house of the Parliament of the Czech Republic
Interior of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic in Brno
Visa-free entry countries for Czech citizens in green, EU in blue (see citizenship of the European Union)
General Staff of the Army of the Czech Republic in Prague
Real GPD per capita development the Czech Republic 1973 to 2018
The Czech Republic is part of the European Single Market and the Schengen Area, but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna.
Škoda Octavia RS iV
Dukovany Nuclear Power Station
Václav Havel Airport Prague
Founders and owners of the antivirus group Avast
Medieval castle Karlštejn
Český Krumlov
Chemist Jaroslav Heyrovský, Nobel Prize winner
Eli Beamlines Science Center with the most powerful laser in the world in Dolní Břežany
Saint Wenceslaus, patron saint of the Czech lands
The oldest part of Charles University, founded in 1348
Historic center of Prague
Czech artists developed a distinct cubist style in architecture and applied arts. It later evolved into national Czechoslovak style, rondocubism.
Franz Kafka
Antonín Dvořák
American poster of Karel Zeman's 1958 film A Deadly Invention
Oscar-winning director Miloš Forman
Seat of Czech television
A mug of Pilsner Urquell, the first pilsner type of pale lager beer, brewed since 1842
Hockey player Jaromír Jágr
Antonín Dvořák
Köppen climate classification types of the Czech Republic using the 0 °C isotherm
Humid continental climate
Subarctic climate
Köppen climate classification types of the Czech Republic using the -3 °C isotherm
Humid continental climate
Oceanic climate
Subarctic climate

The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec.

The country has been traditionally divided into three lands, namely Bohemia (Čechy) in the west, Moravia (Morava) in the east, and Czech Silesia (Slezsko; the smaller, south-eastern part of historical Silesia, most of which is located within modern Poland) in the northeast.


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Rolling hills of the Králický Sněžník massif, Horní Morava, near the border with Bohemia
Šance Dam on the Ostravice River in the Moravian-Silesian Beskids; the river forms the border with Silesia.
Steppe landscape near Mohelno
Venus of Vestonice, the oldest surviving ceramic figurine in the world
Pálava mountains with Věstonice Reservoir, area of palaeolithic settlement
Territory of Great Moravia in the 9th century: area ruled by Rastislav (846–870) map marks the greatest territorial extent during the reign of Svatopluk I (871–894), violet core is origin of Moravia.
Saint Wenceslas Cathedral in Olomouc, seat of bishops of Olomouc since the 10th century and the current seat of the Archbishopric of Olomouc, the Metropolitan archdiocese of Moravia
Moravian nationality, as declared by people in the 1991 census
Moravian Slovak costumes (worn by men and women) during the Jízda králů ("Ride of the Kings") Festival held annually in the village of Vlčnov (southeastern Moravia)
Old ethnic division of Moravians according to an encyclopaedia of 1878
Lednice Castle
Punkevní Cave in the Moravian Karst
Bohemia and Moravia in the 12th century
Church of St. Thomas in Brno, mausoleum of Moravian branch House of Luxembourg, rulers of Moravia; and the old governor's palace, a former Augustinian abbey
12th century Romanesque St. Procopius Basilica in Třebíč
The Moravian banner of arms, which first appeared in the medieval era<ref>{{cite conference|first1 = Zbyšek|last1 = Svoboda|first2 = Pavel|last2 = Fojtík|first3 = Petr|last3 = Exner|first4 = Jaroslav|last4 = Martykán|title = Odborné vexilologické stanovisko k moravské vlajce|book-title = Vexilologie. Zpravodaj České vexilologické společnosti, o.s. č. 169|pages = 3319, 3320|publisher = Česká vexilologická společnost|date = 2013|location = Brno|url = http://www.moravska-vlajka.eu/dokumenty/vexilologie-169.pdf}}</ref><ref>{{cite conference|first = František|last = Pícha|title = Znaky a prapory v kronice Ottokara Štýrského|book-title = Vexilologie. Zpravodaj České vexilologické společnosti, o.s. č. 169|pages = 3320–3324|publisher = Česká vexilologická společnost|date = 2013|location = Brno|url = http://www.moravska-vlajka.eu/dokumenty/vexilologie-169.pdf}}</ref>
Habsburg Empire Crown lands: growth of the Habsburg territories and Moravia's status
Administrative division of Moravia as crown land of Austria in 1893
Jan Černý, president of Moravia in 1922–1926, later also Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
A general map of Moravia in the 1920s
In 1928, Moravia was merged into Moravia-Silesia, one of four lands of Czechoslovakia, together with Bohemia, Slovakia and Subcarpathian Rus.
The Tatra 77 (1934)
WIKOV Supersport (1931)
Thonet No. 14 chair
The speed train Tatra M 290.0 Slovenská strela 1936
Zlín XIII aircraft on display at the National Technical Museum in Prague
Zetor 25A tractor
Gregor Mendel
František Palacký
Jaromír Mundy
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Leoš Janáček
Sigmund Freud
Edmund Husserl
Alphonse Mucha
Adolf Loos
Tomáš Baťa
Kurt Gödel
Emil Zátopek
Milan Kundera
Ivan Lendl
Electron microscope Brno
Aeroplane L 410 NG by Let Kunovice
Precise rifle scope by MeOpta
The (modern) BREN gun M 2 11
The modern street car EVO 2
Diesel railway coach class Bfhpvee295

Moravia (, also , ; Morava ; Mähren ; Morawy ; ; Moravia) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic and one of three historical Czech lands, with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

The main economic centres of Moravia are Brno, Olomouc and Zlín, plus Ostrava lying directly on the Moravian–Silesian border.

Opava (river)

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River in the north-eastern Czech Republic, a left tributary of the Oder river.

River in the north-eastern Czech Republic, a left tributary of the Oder river.

It originates at the confluence of Bílá (White), Střední (Middle) and Černá (Black) Opava in Vrbno pod Pradědem and runs over 110 km (69 mi) to the Oder at Ostrava, with some 25 km (16 mi) forming the border with Poland.

After World War I the demarcation was confirmed by the 1919 Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye as the border between Czechoslovakia (Czech Silesia) and the Second Polish Republic.