Czechoslovak Socialist Republic

CzechoslovakiaČSSRcommunist CzechoslovakiaCSSRCommunist eracommunist governmentCzechoslovakcommunist regimeCommunistCzechoslovak Republic
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech and Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR) ruled Czechoslovakia from 1948 until 23 April 1990, when the country was under communist rule.wikipedia
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Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Formally known as the Fourth Czechoslovak Republic, it has been regarded as a satellite state of the Soviet Union. The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was bounded on the West by West Germany and East Germany, on the North by Poland, on the East by the Soviet Union (via the Ukrainian SSR) and on the South by Hungary and Austria. Following the coup d'état of February 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a people's republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective.
Counter-clockwise from northwest to southeast, the Soviet Union shared land borders with Norway, Finland, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, China, Mongolia, and North Korea.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech and Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR) ruled Czechoslovakia from 1948 until 23 April 1990, when the country was under communist rule.
1948–1989: The country became a socialist state under Soviet domination with a centrally planned economy. In 1960, the country officially became a socialist republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. It was a satellite state of the Soviet Union.

1960 Constitution of Czechoslovakia

1960 Constitutiona new constitutionnew constitution
The traditional name Československá republika (Czechoslovak Republic) was changed on 11 July 1960 following implementation of the 1960 Constitution of Czechoslovakia as a symbol of the "final victory of socialism" in the country, and remained so until the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia.
The Constitution of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Ústava Československé socialistické / Československej socialistickej republiky in Czech / Slovak), promulgated on 11 July 1960 as the constitutional law 100/1960 Sb., was the third constitution of Czechoslovakia, and the second of the Communist era.

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

CzechoslovakiaCSFRCzechoslovak Federative Republic
Following the 1989 Velvet Revolution, the CSSR was renamed to the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic.
Since 1960, Czechoslovakia's official name had been the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR).

National Front (Czechoslovakia)

National FrontCzechoslovak National FrontCzechoslovak People's Party
In April 1945, the Third Republic was formed, led by a National Front of six parties.
During the Communist era in Czechoslovakia (1948–1989) it was the vehicle for control of all political and social activity by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ).

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
The traditional name Československá republika (Czechoslovak Republic) was changed on 11 July 1960 following implementation of the 1960 Constitution of Czechoslovakia as a symbol of the "final victory of socialism" in the country, and remained so until the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia.
The Eastern Bloc was the group of former Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact which included the People's Republic of Poland, the German Democratic Republic, the People's Republic of Hungary, the People's Republic of Bulgaria, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, the Socialist Republic of Romania, the People's Socialist Republic of Albania and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Klement Gottwald

GottwaldPresident GottwaldGottwalda
Klement Gottwald, leader of the KSČ, became Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia.
He was the 14th Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from July 1946 until June 1948, at which point he became the president of the third republic, four months after the 1948 coup d'état in which his party seized power with the backing of the Soviet Union.

Cold War

the Cold Warcold-warCold War era
Not only was this the only time a Communist Party won a free election anywhere in Europe during the Cold War era, but it was one of only two free elections ever held in the Soviet bloc. With the exception of the Prague Spring in the late-1960s, Czechoslovakia was characterised by the absence of democracy and competitiveness with the Western European nations as part of the Cold War.
The USSR crushed the 1968 Prague Spring liberalization program in Czechoslovakia, while the US experienced internal turmoil from the civil rights movement and opposition to the Vietnam War (1955–75), which ended with the defeat of the US-backed Republic of Vietnam, prompting further adjustments.

Prague Spring

invasion of CzechoslovakiaSoviet invasion of CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia
With the exception of the Prague Spring in the late-1960s, Czechoslovakia was characterised by the absence of democracy and competitiveness with the Western European nations as part of the Cold War.
The Prague Spring (Pražské jaro, Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization and mass protest in Czechoslovakia as a Communist state after World War II.

Czech Socialist Republic

Czech RepublicČSRCzech SR
In 1969, the country became a federation of the Czech Socialist Republic and Slovak Socialist Republic.
The Czech Socialist Republic (Česká socialistická republika in Czech; abbreviated ČSR) was a republic within the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic that is now the independent Czech Republic.

East Germany

East GermanGDRGerman Democratic Republic
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was bounded on the West by West Germany and East Germany, on the North by Poland, on the East by the Soviet Union (via the Ukrainian SSR) and on the South by Hungary and Austria.
Geographically, the German Democratic Republic bordered the Baltic Sea to the north; Poland to the east; Czechoslovakia to the southeast and West Germany to the southwest and west.

Hungarian People's Republic

HungaryCommunist HungaryCommunist regime
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was bounded on the West by West Germany and East Germany, on the North by Poland, on the East by the Soviet Union (via the Ukrainian SSR) and on the South by Hungary and Austria.
Geographically, it bordered Romania and the Soviet Union (via the Ukrainian SSR) to the east; Yugoslavia to the southwest; Czechoslovakia to the north and Austria to the west.

Satellite state

satellitesatellite statessatellites
Formally known as the Fourth Czechoslovak Republic, it has been regarded as a satellite state of the Soviet Union.
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948–1960 and again 1968–1989)

Eastern Bloc

Soviet bloccommunist blocEastern Europe
While Beneš was not a Moscow cadre and several domestic reforms of other Eastern Bloc countries were not part of Beneš' plan, Stalin did not object because the plan included property expropriation and he was satisfied with the relative strength of communists in Czechoslovakia compared to other Eastern Bloc countries.
These buildings, such as the Paneláks of Czechoslovakia and Panelház of Hungary, contained cramped concrete apartments that broadly lined Eastern Bloc streets, leaving the visitor with a "cold and grey" impression.

Comecon

Council for Mutual Economic AssistanceCMEACouncil for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon)
Active participant in Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon), Warsaw Pact, UN and its specialized agencies, and Non-Aligned Movement; signatory of conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
The Comecon was founded in 1949 by the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.

People's Republic

people's democracyDemocratic People's Republicpeople's democracies
Following the coup d'état of February 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a people's republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective.
Other titles commonly used by Marxist–Leninist and socialist states are democratic republic (e.g. the German Democratic Republic or the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia between 1943 and 1946) and socialist republic (e.g. the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic).

Iron Curtain

the Iron CurtainIron Curtain" speechthe fall of the Iron Curtain
In the fifties, when the regime was at its harshest and the "Iron Curtain" was close to impenetrable, emigration was very low.
The events that demolished the Iron Curtain started in discontent in Poland, and continued in Hungary, the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Romania.

Edvard Beneš

BenešPresident BenešBeneš, Edvard
Before the Soviet liberation of Czechoslovakia in 1945, Edvard Beneš, the Czechoslovak leader, agreed to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's demands for unconditional agreement with Soviet foreign policy and the Beneš decrees.
During the Communist era in Czechoslovakia, Beneš was vilified as a traitor who refused an alleged offer by Stalin to assist Czechoslovakia unilaterally in 1938 because he supposedly wanted the Munich Agreement to be imposed on his country.

Government structure of Communist Czechoslovakia

government of CzechoslovakiaCommunist government of CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovak government
Government structure of Communist Czechoslovakia
In the 1970s and 1980s the government structure was based on the amended 1960 Constitution of Czechoslovakia, which identified the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic as a federative state of two equal fraternal nations.

Helsinki Accords

Helsinki Final ActHelsinki processconference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Active participant in Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon), Warsaw Pact, UN and its specialized agencies, and Non-Aligned Movement; signatory of conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
Czechoslovakia

Mass media in Communist Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovak televisionfirst television channeltelevision and radio
Mass media in Communist Czechoslovakia
The mass media in Communist Czechoslovakia was controlled by the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ).

Communist state

communist regimecommunistcommunist countries
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (Czech and Československá socialistická republika, ČSSR) ruled Czechoslovakia from 1948 until 23 April 1990, when the country was under communist rule.
Some Communist governments, such as North Korea, East Germany or Czechoslovakia, have or had more than one political party, but all minor parties are or were required to follow the leadership of the Communist party.

Slovak Socialist Republic

Slovak RepublicSlovakSlovakia
In 1969, the country became a federation of the Czech Socialist Republic and Slovak Socialist Republic.

1948 Czechoslovak coup d'état

Communist coupcoup d'état1948 coup d'état
Following the coup d'état of February 1948, when the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia seized power with the support of the Soviet Union, the country was declared a people's republic after the Ninth-of-May Constitution became effective.

Polish People's Republic

Polandcommunist PolandRepublic of Poland
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was bounded on the West by West Germany and East Germany, on the North by Poland, on the East by the Soviet Union (via the Ukrainian SSR) and on the South by Hungary and Austria.
Geographically, the Polish People's Republic bordered the Baltic Sea to the North; the Soviet Union (via the Russian (Kaliningrad Oblast), Lithuanian, Byelorussian and Ukrainian SSRs) to the east; Czechoslovakia to the south and East Germany to the west.