Czortków uprising

a failed uprising
The Czortków uprising (Powstanie Czortkowskie) was a failed attempt at resisting Soviet state repressions by the young anti-Soviet Poles most of whom were prewar students from the local high school.wikipedia
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Chortkiv

CzortkówCzortkowChortkov
The uprising took place in the Soviet-occupied Polish town of Czortków (now Chortkiv, Ukraine) during World War II. The Germans occupied the western part of the country, while the Soviets annexed eastern Poland (see: Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union), including the town of Czortków, seat of a powiat (population 20,000), located in prewar Tarnopol Voivodeship.
Its Polish inhabitants, particularly students of the local high school, organized a failed uprising in January 1940, which would serve as the first Polish uprising of World War II.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
The uprising took place in the Soviet-occupied Polish town of Czortków (now Chortkiv, Ukraine) during World War II.

Ukraine

UkrainianUKRUkrainia
The uprising took place in the Soviet-occupied Polish town of Czortków (now Chortkiv, Ukraine) during World War II.

Red Army

Soviet Red ArmySoviet ArmySoviet
The insurgents attempted to storm the local Red Army barracks and a prison in order to release Polish soldiers incarcerated there.

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact

Molotov-Ribbentrop PactNazi-Soviet PactHitler-Stalin Pact
On 17 September 1939 the Red Army allied with Nazi Germany (see: Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact), invaded the eastern part of Poland.

Invasion of Poland

German invasion of Polandinvaded PolandSeptember Campaign
On 17 September 1939 the Red Army allied with Nazi Germany (see: Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact), invaded the eastern part of Poland.

Kresy

Eastern PolandEastern BorderlandsKresy Wschodnie
On 17 September 1939 the Red Army allied with Nazi Germany (see: Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact), invaded the eastern part of Poland.

Polish Land Forces

Polish ArmyArmyLand Forces
The Soviets advanced quickly, as the bulk of the Polish Army was concentrated in the west, fighting the Wehrmacht.

Wehrmacht

German ArmyGermanGerman forces
The Soviets advanced quickly, as the bulk of the Polish Army was concentrated in the west, fighting the Wehrmacht.

Territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union

Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Unionannexed by the Soviet Uniontwo different SSRs
The Germans occupied the western part of the country, while the Soviets annexed eastern Poland (see: Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union), including the town of Czortków, seat of a powiat (population 20,000), located in prewar Tarnopol Voivodeship.

Powiat

Countycountiespowiats
The Germans occupied the western part of the country, while the Soviets annexed eastern Poland (see: Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union), including the town of Czortków, seat of a powiat (population 20,000), located in prewar Tarnopol Voivodeship.

Tarnopol Voivodeship

TarnopoltarnopolskieTarnopol Voivodship
The Germans occupied the western part of the country, while the Soviets annexed eastern Poland (see: Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union), including the town of Czortków, seat of a powiat (population 20,000), located in prewar Tarnopol Voivodeship.

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of the Soviet Unioninvasion of the Soviet UnionGerman invasion
Between 1939 and the 1941 Operation Barbarossa, the Soviet NKVD arrested and imprisoned about 500,000 Poles including state officials, civil servants, uniformed officers and scores of the so-called "enemies of the people" such as food producers, engineers, merchants and the clergy.

NKVD

Soviet intelligencePeople's Commissariat for Internal AffairsSoviet secret police
Between 1939 and the 1941 Operation Barbarossa, the Soviet NKVD arrested and imprisoned about 500,000 Poles including state officials, civil servants, uniformed officers and scores of the so-called "enemies of the people" such as food producers, engineers, merchants and the clergy.

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

Ukrainian SSRSoviet UkraineUkraine
Soon after Czortków’s annexation into the Ukrainian SSR, the new rulers began a campaign of repressions.

Soviet repressions of Polish citizens (1939–1946)

Soviet repressions of Polish citizens (1939-1946)Soviet repressions of Polish citizens (1939–46)Soviet repressions of Polish citizens
Soon after Czortków’s annexation into the Ukrainian SSR, the new rulers began a campaign of repressions.

Winter War

Soviet-Finnish WarSoviet invasion of FinlandRusso-Finnish War
In December 1939, a large contingent of the Red Army troops from the garrison in Czortków left town to fight in the Winter War against Finland.

Finland

FinnishFINRepublic of Finland
In December 1939, a large contingent of the Red Army troops from the garrison in Czortków left town to fight in the Winter War against Finland.

Romania

ROURomanianRomânia
The plotters wanted to seize a train with the anticipated help from the already freed Polish officers, and travel to nearby Romania via Zaleszczyki.

Zalishchyky

ZaleszczykiZalischykyZaleshchitskaya
The plotters wanted to seize a train with the anticipated help from the already freed Polish officers, and travel to nearby Romania via Zaleszczyki.

Siret (river)

SiretSiret RiverRiver Siret
To delay the Soviet pursuit, they also planned to blow up the rail bridge on the Seret.

January Uprising

Uprising of 1863January 1863 Uprising1863 Uprising
The conspirators decided to start the uprising on the night of January 21/22, 1940, the anniversary of the outbreak of the 1863 January Uprising.

Battle cry

war crybattle crieswar cries
The plotters agreed that their battle cry would be Z krzyzem (Along with the Cross).

Jan T. Gross

Jan GrossJan Tomasz GrossGross, Jan Tomasz
Historian Jan Tomasz Gross writes that the plotters were beaten with wooden poles, handguns, bottles and metal bars, and "kicked until their jaws and ribs were broken."

Siberia

SiberianEastern SiberiaEast Siberia
Fifty five men were sentenced to exile in Siberia.