D. W. Griffith

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David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.wikipedia
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The Birth of a Nation

Birth of a Nation1915 filmBertha van Ation refers to the film ''Birth of a Nation
He is remembered for The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916).
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

Intolerance (film)

IntoleranceIntolerance: Love's Struggle Through the AgesIntolerance'' (film)
He is remembered for The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916).
Intolerance is a 1916 epic silent film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Ku Klux Klan

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The film has sparked significant controversy surrounding racism in the United States, focusing on its negative depiction of black people and the glorification of the Ku Klux Klan.
Taking inspiration from D. W. Griffith's 1915 silent film The Birth of a Nation, which mythologized the founding of the first Klan, it employed marketing techniques and a popular fraternal organization structure.

Orphans of the Storm

Several of Griffith's later films were also successful, including Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921), but his high costs for production, promotion, and roadshow often made his ventures commercial failures.
Orphans of the Storm is a 1921 silent drama film by D. W. Griffith set in late-18th-century France, before and during the French Revolution.

Broken Blossoms

film by the same name
Several of Griffith's later films were also successful, including Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921), but his high costs for production, promotion, and roadshow often made his ventures commercial failures.
Broken Blossoms or The Yellow Man and the Girl, often referred to simply as Broken Blossoms, is a 1919 American silent drama film directed by D.W. Griffith.

History of film

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Griffith is one of the founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and among the most important figures in the history of film.
In the 1900s, continuity of action across successive shots was achieved and the first close-up shot was introduced (some claim D. W. Griffith was the inventor).

Way Down East

His film version
Several of Griffith's later films were also successful, including Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921), but his high costs for production, promotion, and roadshow often made his ventures commercial failures.
Way Down East is a 1920 American silent romantic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

AcademyAMPASthe Academy
Griffith is one of the founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and among the most important figures in the history of film.
The school's founding faculty included Fairbanks (President of the Academy), D. W. Griffith, William C. deMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, and Darryl F. Zanuck.

The Struggle (film)

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He made roughly 500 films by the time of his final feature The Struggle (1931).
The Struggle is a 1931 American Pre-Code feature film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Biograph Company

BiographAmerican Mutoscope and Biograph CompanyAmerican Mutoscope Company
In 1908, Griffith accepted a role as a stage extra in Professional Jealousy for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, where he met cameraman Billy Bitzer, and his career in the film industry changed forever.
The company was home to pioneering director D. W. Griffith and such actors as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish and Lionel Barrymore.

Lillian Gish

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According to Lillian Gish, the company thought that "a movie that long would hurt [the audience's] eyes".
Gish was a prominent film star from 1912 into the 1920s, particularly associated with the films of director D. W. Griffith, including her leading role in the highest-grossing film of the silent era, Griffith's seminal The Birth of a Nation (1915).

The Adventures of Dollie

McCutcheon, Jr. did not bring the studio success; Biograph co-founder Harry Marvin gave Griffith the position, and he made the short The Adventures of Dollie.
The Adventures of Dollie is a 1908 American silent film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Judith of Bethulia

Four years later, he produced and directed his first feature film Judith of Bethulia (1914), one of the earliest to be produced in the US. Biograph believed that longer features were not viable at that point.
Judith of Bethulia (1914) is a film starring Blanche Sweet and Henry B. Walthall, and produced and directed by D. W. Griffith, based on the play of the same name by Thomas Bailey Aldrich.

Hollywood

Hollywood, CaliforniaHollywood, CAHollywood, Los Angeles, California
His short In Old California (1910) was the first film shot in Hollywood, California.
Director D. W. Griffith was the first to make a motion picture in Hollywood.

In Old California (1910 film)

In Old California
His short In Old California (1910) was the first film shot in Hollywood, California.
It was directed by D. W. Griffith of the Biograph Company (then based in New York City).

Thomas H. Ince

Thomas InceIncevilleThomas H. Ince Studios
His new production company became an autonomous production unit partner in Triangle Film Corporation along with Thomas H. Ince and Keystone Studios' Mack Sennett.
He later entered into a partnership with D.W. Griffith and Mack Sennett to form the Triangle Motion Picture Company, whose studios are the present-day site of Sony Pictures.

Wallace McCutcheon Sr.

Wallace McCutcheonWallace McCutcheon, Jr.Wallace McCutcheion
In 1908, Biograph's main director Wallace McCutcheon, Sr. grew ill, and his son Wallace McCutcheon, Jr. took his place.
The younger McCutcheon did such a poor job that he was replaced by newcomer D.W. Griffith, whose success was so immediate that Biograph saw no need to bring either McCutcheon back into the fold.

Triangle Film Corporation

TriangleTriangle DistributingTriangle Motion Picture Company
His new production company became an autonomous production unit partner in Triangle Film Corporation along with Thomas H. Ince and Keystone Studios' Mack Sennett.
Harry was also D. W. Griffith's partner at Reliance-Majestic Studios; both parted with the Mutual Film Corporation in the wake of The Birth of a Nation unexpected success that year.

Mutual Film

Mutual Film CorporationMutualMutual Films
He took his company of actors with him and joined the Mutual Film Corporation.
As 1912 progressed, the company included auxiliary units such as Keystone Studios Comedies, the Majestic Studios (which would later become the Reliance-Majestic Studios through Harry Aitken's partnership with D. W. Griffith), and the New York Motion Picture Company.

The Life of General Villa

There, he co-produced The Life of General Villa, a biographical action–drama film starring Pancho Villa as himself, shot on location in México during a civil war.
The film was produced by D. W. Griffith and featured future director Raoul Walsh as the younger version of Villa.

Thomas Dixon Jr.

Thomas DixonThomas Dixon, Jr.Thomas F. Dixon Jr.
It was based on Thomas Dixon, Jr.'s 1905 novel The Clansman; it depicts Southern slavery as benign, the enfranchisement of freedmen as a corrupt plot by the Republican party, and the Ku Klux Klan as a band of heroes restoring the rightful order.
Film director D. W. Griffith adapted The Clansman for the screen in The Birth of a Nation (1915), which stimulated the formation of the 20th-century version of the Klan.

Reliance-Majestic Studios

Fine Arts StudiosFine Arts StudioTalisman Studios
He formed a studio with Majestic Studio manager Harry Aitken which became known as Reliance-Majestic Studios and was later renamed Fine Arts Studio.
Within a few years, it became the home of D. W. Griffith and Mutual Film Corporation.

Close-up

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He popularized the use of the close-up shot.
In 1901, James Williamson, also working in Hove, made perhaps the most extreme close-up of all in The Big Swallow, when his character approaches the camera and appears to swallow it. D. W. Griffith, who pioneered screen cinematographic techniques and narrative format, is associated with popularizing the close up with the success of his films.

United Artists

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At the same time, he founded United Artists together with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks.
Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, the studio was premised on allowing actors to control their own interests, rather than being dependent upon commercial studios.

Rescued from an Eagle's Nest

He traveled to New York City in 1907 in an attempt to sell a script to Edison Studios producer Edwin Porter; Porter rejected the script but gave him an acting part in Rescued from an Eagle's Nest instead.
This film features the first acting performance of the seminal American filmmaker D. W. Griffith, whose directorial debut was released later that year.