D. W. Griffith

D.W. GriffithGriffithDW GriffithD.W GriffithD.W. GrifterDavid Wark GriffithD W GriffithD.W.GriffithDaveDavid Griffith
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American film director.wikipedia
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The Birth of a Nation

Birth of a Nation1915 filmBertha van Ation refers to the film ''Birth of a Nation
His film The Birth of a Nation (1915) broke box-office records but also attracted much controversy, as it depicted African Americans in a negative light and glorified the Ku Klux Klan.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is an American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

Intolerance (film)

IntoleranceIntolerance: Love's Struggle Through the AgesIntolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages
Intolerance (1916) was made as an answer to his critics.
Intolerance is a 1916 epic silent film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Ku Klux Klan

KKKKlansmanKlansmen
His film The Birth of a Nation (1915) broke box-office records but also attracted much controversy, as it depicted African Americans in a negative light and glorified the Ku Klux Klan.
Taking inspiration from D. W. Griffith's 1915 silent film The Birth of a Nation, which mythologized the founding of the first Klan, it employed marketing techniques and a popular fraternal organization structure.

Orphans of the Storm

Several of Griffith's later films were also successful, including Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921), but the high costs he incurred for production and promotion often led to commercial failure.
Orphans of the Storm is a 1921 silent drama film by D. W. Griffith set in late-18th-century France, before and during the French Revolution.

Broken Blossoms

film by the same name
Several of Griffith's later films were also successful, including Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921), but the high costs he incurred for production and promotion often led to commercial failure.
Broken Blossoms or The Yellow Man and the Girl, often referred to simply as Broken Blossoms, is a 1919 American silent drama film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Mary Pickford

Mary Mary Pickford FoundationMary Pickford Award
Together with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, he founded United Artists, enabling them to control their own interests, rather than depending on commercial studios.
With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford–Fairbanks Studio (along with Douglas Fairbanks) and, later, the United Artists film studio (with Fairbanks, Charlie Chaplin and D. W. Griffith), and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.

United Artists

UAUnited Artists ReleasingUnited Artists Corporation
Together with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, he founded United Artists, enabling them to control their own interests, rather than depending on commercial studios.
Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, the studio was premised on allowing actors to control their own interests, rather than being dependent upon commercial studios.

Way Down East

1920His film version
Several of Griffith's later films were also successful, including Broken Blossoms (1919), Way Down East (1920), and Orphans of the Storm (1921), but the high costs he incurred for production and promotion often led to commercial failure.
Way Down East is a 1920 American silent romantic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

The Struggle (1931 film)

The StruggleThe Struggle'' (1931 film)The Struggle.
He had made roughly 500 films by the time of his final feature, The Struggle (1931).
The Struggle is a 1931 American pre-Code feature film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

AMPASAcademyAcademy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences
Griffith was a founder member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
The school's founding faculty included Fairbanks (President of the Academy), D. W. Griffith, William C. deMille, Ernst Lubitsch, Irving Thalberg, and Darryl F. Zanuck.

Billy Bitzer

G. W. BitzerG.W. Bitzer(Johann) Gottlob/Gottfried Wilhelm Bitzer
In 1908, Griffith accepted a role as a stage extra in Professional Jealousy for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, where he met cameraman Billy Bitzer, and his career in the film industry changed forever.
Gottfried Wilhelm "Billy" Bitzer (April 21, 1872 – April 29, 1944) was a pioneering American cinematographer notable for his close association with D. W. Griffith.

Douglas Fairbanks

Douglas Fairbanks, Sr.Douglas Fairbanks Sr.Douglas Fairbanks, Sr
Together with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, he founded United Artists, enabling them to control their own interests, rather than depending on commercial studios.
After moving to Los Angeles, Fairbanks signed a contract with Triangle Pictures in 1915 and began working under the supervision of D.W. Griffith.

Biograph Company

American Mutoscope and Biograph CompanyBiographAmerican Mutoscope and Biograph
In 1908, Griffith accepted a role as a stage extra in Professional Jealousy for the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, where he met cameraman Billy Bitzer, and his career in the film industry changed forever.
The company was home to pioneering director D. W. Griffith and such actors as Mary Pickford, Lillian Gish and Lionel Barrymore.

Charlie Chaplin

Charles ChaplinChaplinChaplinesque
Together with Charlie Chaplin, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, he founded United Artists, enabling them to control their own interests, rather than depending on commercial studios.
Frustrated with their lack of concern for quality, and worried about rumours of a possible merger between the company and Famous Players-Lasky, Chaplin joined forces with Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, and D. W. Griffith to form a new distribution company – United Artists, established in January 1919.

Lillian Gish

LillianLilian GishGish
According to Lillian Gish, the company thought that "a movie that long would hurt [the audience's] eyes".
Gish was a prominent film star from 1912 into the 1920s, particularly associated with the films of director D. W. Griffith, including her leading role in the highest-grossing film of the silent era, Griffith's The Birth of a Nation (1915).

The Adventures of Dollie

McCutcheon, Jr. did not bring the studio success; Biograph co-founder Harry Marvin gave Griffith the position, and he made the short The Adventures of Dollie.
The Adventures of Dollie is a 1908 American silent film directed by D. W. Griffith.

Judith of Bethulia

Four years later, he produced and directed his first feature film Judith of Bethulia (1914), one of the earliest to be produced in the US.
Judith of Bethulia (1914) is an American film starring Blanche Sweet and Henry B. Walthall, and produced and directed by D. W. Griffith, based on the play of the same name by Thomas Bailey Aldrich.

Close-up

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Widely considered as the most important filmmaker of his generation, he pioneered the feature-length movie and many enduring cinematic techniques, such as the close-up.
D. W. Griffith, who pioneered screen cinematographic techniques and narrative format, is associated with popularizing the close up with the success of his films.

Hollywood

Hollywood, CaliforniaHollywood, CAHollywood, Los Angeles, California
His short In Old California (1910) was the first film shot in Hollywood, California.
Director D. W. Griffith was the first to make a motion picture in Hollywood.

Reliance-Majestic Studios

Fine Arts StudiosFine Arts Film CompanyFine Arts Studio
He formed a studio with Majestic Studio manager Harry Aitken which became known as Reliance-Majestic Studios and was later renamed Fine Arts Studio.
Within a few years, it became the home of D. W. Griffith and Mutual Film Corporation.

In Old California (1910 film)

In Old California
His short In Old California (1910) was the first film shot in Hollywood, California.
It was directed by D. W. Griffith of the Biograph Company (then based in New York City).

Triangle Film Corporation

Triangle DistributingTriangle FilmTriangle
His new production company became an autonomous production unit partner in Triangle Film Corporation along with Thomas H. Ince and Keystone Studios' Mack Sennett.
Harry was also D. W. Griffith's partner at Reliance-Majestic Studios; both parted with the Mutual Film Corporation in the wake of The Birth of a Nation unexpected success that year.

Thomas H. Ince

Thomas InceIncevilleThomas Harper Ince
His new production company became an autonomous production unit partner in Triangle Film Corporation along with Thomas H. Ince and Keystone Studios' Mack Sennett.
He later entered into a partnership with D. W. Griffith and Mack Sennett to form the Triangle Motion Picture Company, whose studios are the present-day site of Sony Pictures.

Wallace McCutcheon Sr.

Wallace McCutcheonWallace McCutcheon, Sr.Wallace McCutcheon, Jr.
In 1908, Biograph's main director Wallace McCutcheon, Sr. grew ill, and his son Wallace McCutcheon, Jr. took his place.
The younger McCutcheon did such a poor job that he was replaced by newcomer D.W. Griffith, whose success was so immediate that Biograph saw no need to bring either McCutcheon back into the fold.

Mutual Film

Mutual Film CorporationMutualMutual Film Corp.
He took his company of actors with him and joined the Mutual Film Corporation.
As 1912 progressed, the company included auxiliary units such as Keystone Studios Comedies, the Majestic Studios (which would later become the Reliance-Majestic Studios through Harry Aitken's partnership with D. W. Griffith), and the New York Motion Picture Company.