DVD-Video

DVDDVD-VDVD videoDVDsextra featuresVideo DVDCD+DVDvideo albumDVD extramulti-angle
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs.wikipedia
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DVD

DVD-ROMDVDsDVD-9
DVD-Video is a consumer video format used to store digital video on DVD discs.
DVDs are used in DVD-Video consumer digital video format and in DVD-Audio consumer digital audio format as well as for authoring DVD discs written in a special AVCHD format to hold high definition material (often in conjunction with AVCHD format camcorders).

Blu-ray

Blu-ray DiscBDBlu-ray 3D
DVD-Video was the dominant consumer home video format in Asia, North America, Europe, and Australia in the 2000s until it was supplanted by the high-definition Blu-ray Disc.
DVD-Video discs were limited to a maximum resolution of 480p (NTSC, 720×480 pixels) or 576p (PAL, 720×576 pixels).

Super Video CD

SVCDChina Video DiscChina Video Disc (CVD)
Some DVD hardware or software players may play discs whose MPEG files do not conform to the above standards; commonly this is used to support discs authored with formats such as VCD and SVCD.
SVCD was intended as a successor to Video CD and an alternative to DVD-Video, and falls somewhere between both in terms of technical capability and picture quality.

Video CD

VCDVCDsVideo-CD
Some DVD hardware or software players may play discs whose MPEG files do not conform to the above standards; commonly this is used to support discs authored with formats such as VCD and SVCD.
The format was widely adopted in Southeast Asia and the Middle East, superseding the VHS and Betamax systems in the regions until DVD-Video finally became affordable in the late 2000s.

VOB

IFOBUP.bup
IFO files store control and playback information—e. Video, audio, subtitle and navigation streams are multiplexed and stored on a DVD-Video disc in the VOB container format (Video Object).
VOB (Video Object) is the container format in DVD-Video media.

DVD-Audio

DVD-ADVD AudioDVD
DVD-Audio has much higher audio quality than most video DVDs containing concert films or music videos.

MPEG-1

MPEG-1 Part 2MPGMPEG1
To record digital video, DVD-Video uses either H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2 compression at up to 9.8 Mbit/s (9,800 kbit/s) or MPEG-1 Part 2 compression at up to 1.856 Mbit/s (1,856 kbit/s).

Aspect ratio (image)

4:3aspect ratio16:9
Video with 4:3 frame aspect ratio is supported in all video modes.
Many digital video cameras have the capability to record in 16:9 (= 4 2 :3 2 ), and 16:9 is the only widescreen aspect ratio natively supported by the DVD standard.

DVD+VR

+VR
DVD recorders can use DVD-VR or DVD+VR format instead of DVD-Video.
The DVD+VR standard defines a logical format for DVD-Video compliant recording on optical discs.

Universal Disk Format

UDFUDF (Universal Disk Format).udf format
Almost all DVD-Video discs use the UDF bridge format, which is a combination of the DVD MicroUDF (a subset of UDF 1.02) and ISO 9660 file systems.
After the release of the first version of UDF, the DVD Consortium adopted it as the official file system for DVD-Video and DVD-Audio.

Color depth

truecolorbit depthtrue color
DVD-Video supports video with a bit depth of 8 bits per color YCbCr with 4:2:0 chroma subsampling.
The DVD-Video and Blu-ray Disc standards support a bit depth of 8-bits per color in YCbCr with 4:2:0 chroma subsampling.

MPEG program stream

MPEG-PSProgram stream.MPEGPS
VOB is based on the MPEG program stream format, but with additional limitations and specifications in the private streams.
Program streams are used on DVD-Video discs and HD DVD video discs, but with some restrictions and extensions.

D-1 (Sony)

D1D-1D1 video tape
A small variation removing the top 6 lines to save space was later introduced and made popular in the 1/4-inch DV/DVCAM/DVCPro formats and for digital broadcasting, which have 720 x 480 pixels for NTSC; and is also used in DVD-Video and Standard-definition television.

Chroma subsampling

4:2:24:2:04:4:4
DVD-Video supports video with a bit depth of 8 bits per color YCbCr with 4:2:0 chroma subsampling.

Content Scramble System

CSSContent Scrambling SystemContent-scrambling system
DVD-Video has four complementary systems designed to restrict the DVD user in various ways: Macrovision, Content Scramble System (CSS), region codes, and disabled user operations (UOPs).
The Content Scramble System (CSS) is a digital rights management (DRM) and encryption system employed on many commercially produced DVD-Video discs.

DTS (sound system)

DTSDatasat Digital 5.1DTS 5.1
DTS 96/24 allows the delivery of 5.1 channels of 24-bit, 96 kHz audio and high quality video on the DVD-Video format.

VLC media player

VLCVLC playerlibVLC
Usually, users need to install software provided on the DVD or downloaded from the Internet such as MPlayer, TotalMedia Theatre, PowerDVD, VLC or WinDVD to be able to view the disc in a computer system.
VLC supports many audio and video compression methods and file formats, including DVD-Video, video CD and streaming protocols.

DVD-VR

VR ModeVROVRO file format
DVD recorders can use DVD-VR or DVD+VR format instead of DVD-Video.
As opposed to media recorded with the DVD+VR recording standard, the resulting media are not DVD-Video compliant, and do not play back in some DVD-Video players.

WinDVD

Corel WinDVDWinDVD Gold
Usually, users need to install software provided on the DVD or downloaded from the Internet such as MPlayer, TotalMedia Theatre, PowerDVD, VLC or WinDVD to be able to view the disc in a computer system.
It enables the viewing of DVD-Video movies on the user's PC.

H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2

H.262MPEG-2 VideoMPEG-2
To record digital video, DVD-Video uses either H.262/MPEG-2 Part 2 compression at up to 9.8 Mbit/s (9,800 kbit/s) or MPEG-1 Part 2 compression at up to 1.856 Mbit/s (1,856 kbit/s).

MPEG-1 Audio Layer II

MP2MPEG-1 Layer IIMUSICAM
All DVD-Video players in PAL countries contain stereo MP2 decoders, making MP2 a possible competitor to Dolby Digital in these markets.

Digital container format

container formatcontainercontainer formats
Video, audio, subtitle and navigation streams are multiplexed and stored on a DVD-Video disc in the VOB container format (Video Object).

MacTheRipper

CSS decrypting software, or ripping software, such as DVD Decrypter, AnyDVD, MacTheRipper, and DVD Shrink allows a disc to be copied to hard disk unscrambled.
MacTheRipper is a Mac OS X application that enables users to create a playable copy of the contents of a Video DVD by defeating the Content Scramble System.

DVD Shrink

DVDShrink
CSS decrypting software, or ripping software, such as DVD Decrypter, AnyDVD, MacTheRipper, and DVD Shrink allows a disc to be copied to hard disk unscrambled.
DVD Shrink is a freeware DVD transcoder program for Microsoft Windows that uses a DVD ripper to back up DVD video.