Dairy

dairiesdairy industrydairyingmilk productiondairy farmsdairy processingmilking machinesdairy productsdairymandairy production
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.wikipedia
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Milk

cow's milkcow milkwhole milk
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.
As an agricultural product, milk, also called dairy milk, is extracted from farm animals during or soon after pregnancy.

Sheep

ramlambdomestic sheep
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.
Sheep continue to be important for wool and meat today, and are also occasionally raised for pelts, as dairy animals, or as model organisms for science.

Dairy farming

dairy farmdairy farmerdairy
A dairy is typically located on a dedicated dairy farm or in a section of a multi-purpose farm (mixed farm) that is concerned with the harvesting of milk. Historically, the milking and the processing took place close together in space and time: on a dairy farm.
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.

Dairy product

dairy productsdairymilk products
Milk is then hauled (usually by truck) to a "dairy plant" = also referred to as a "dairy" - where raw milk is further processed and prepared for commercial sale of dairy products.
A facility that produces dairy products is known as a dairy, or dairy factory.

Farm

farmsfarmsteadscropland
A dairy farm produces milk and a dairy factory processes it into a variety of dairy products.
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture, where female cattle, goats, or other mammals are raised for their milk, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy for processing and eventual retail sale There are many breeds of cattle that can be milked some of the best producing ones include Holstein, Norwegian Red, Kostroma, Brown Swiss, and more.

Cattle

cowscowsteer
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.
The effect of overstocking in cows can have a negative effect on milk production and reproduction rates which are two very important traits for dairy farmers.

Bulk tank

vat
As herd sizes increased there was more need to have efficient milking machines, sheds, milk-storage facilities (vats), bulk-milk transport and shed cleaning capabilities and the means of getting cows from paddock to shed and back.
The milk cooling tank can be the property of the farmer or be rented from a dairy plant.

Barn

byrebarnshorse barn
When it became necessary to milk larger cows, the cows would be brought to a shed or barn that was set up with stalls (milking stalls) where the cows could be confined their whole live while they were milked.
From about 1900 to 1940, many large dairy barns were built in northern USA.

Convenience store

convenience storescorner shopconvenience shop
In New Zealand English the singular use of the word dairy almost exclusively refers to a corner shop, or superette.
In 1939, a dairy owner named J.J. Lawson started a store at his dairy plant near Akron, Ohio, to sell his milk.

British Railway Milk Tank Wagon

milk trainsmilk trainMilk Tank Wagons
Later large railway containers, such as the British Railway Milk Tank Wagon were introduced, enabling the transport of larger quantities of milk, and over longer distances.
Introduced to transport raw milk from remote dairy farms to central creameries, milk trains were the last railway-based system before the mass-introduction of pasteurization and resultant industry use of road transport.

Milking

milkcow milkerextract milk
Historically, the milking and the processing took place close together in space and time: on a dairy farm.
Most milking in the developed world is done using milking machines.

Milk float

milkfloatfloatmilk wagon
In many European countries, particularly the United Kingdom, milk is then delivered direct to customers' homes by a milk float.
They were once common in many European countries, particularly the United Kingdom, and were operated by local dairies.

Automatic milking

milking machinemilking robotsautomated milking
Automatic milking or 'robotic milking' sheds can be seen in Australia, New Zealand, the U.S., Canada, and many European countries.
Automatic milking is the milking of dairy animals, especially of dairy cattle, without human labour.

Lactose

milk sugarmilk sugarssugars
Beginning about 1950, and mostly since about 1980, lactose and many other products, mainly food additives, are made from both casein and cheese whey.
Several million tons are produced annually as a by-product of the dairy industry.

Agricultural cooperative

agricultural marketing cooperativeagricultural cooperativescooperative
In the United States, the country's 196 farmers' cooperatives sold 86% of milk in the U.S. in 2002, with five cooperatives accounting for half that.
Cabot Creamery (dairy)

Pasteurization

pasteurizedunpasteurizedpasteurised
In countries where milk is legally allowed to be processed without pasteurization, a wide range of cheeses can be made using the bacteria found naturally in the milk.
Today, pasteurization is used widely in the dairy industry and other food processing industries to achieve food preservation and food safety.

Milk car

Milk tank carTank cars for bulk loading
Milk car
Milk cars are a specialized type of railroad car intended to transport raw milk from collection points near dairy farms to a processing creamery.

Animal stall

stallstallsbox stall
When it became necessary to milk larger cows, the cows would be brought to a shed or barn that was set up with stalls (milking stalls) where the cows could be confined their whole live while they were milked.
A stall for milking cows is also called bail. The latter term is also used for other semi-enclosures, such as for livestock feeding.

Casein

sodium caseinatemicellar caseinA1 and A2 beta-casein
Casein is the predominant phosphoprotein found in fresh milk.
Dairy

Cheddar cheese

CheddarWhite Cheddarsharp cheddar cheese
Traditionally made Emmental or Cheddar might contain 10% of the lactose found in whole milk.
Cheddar is one of several products used by the United States Department of Agriculture to track the status of America's overall dairy industry; reports are issued weekly detailing prices and production quantities.

Milk churn

Milk Canchurnchurns
These proved impractical for transport by road or rail, and so the milk churn was introduced, based on the tall conical shape of the butter churn.
Each churn carried a brass plate near the top to identify the owning company and when full it would have a white paper label (tied to the handle on the lid of the conical type and to the side handle of the cylindrical type), which was used for accounting purposes by the creamery or dairy.

Business

for-profitenterprisefirm
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.

Water buffalo

buffalobuffaloesbuffalo milk
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.

Horse

horsesracehorseequine
A dairy is a business enterprise established for the harvesting or processing (or both) of animal milk – mostly from cows or goats, but also from buffaloes, sheep, horses, or camels – for human consumption.