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Milk

cow's milkcow milkwhole milk
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.
Dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk in 2011, from 260 million dairy cows.

Farm

farmsfarmsteadscropland
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.
The name is used for specialised units such as arable farms, vegetable farms, fruit farms, dairy, pig and poultry farms, and land used for the production of natural fibres, biofuel and other commodities.

Dairy

dairiesdairy industrydairying
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.
A dairy is typically located on a dedicated dairy farm or in a section of a multi-purpose farm (mixed farm) that is concerned with the harvesting of milk.

Milking pipeline

milk pipelinepipeline
The pipeline allowed barn length to keep increasing and expanding, but after a point farmers started to milk the cows in large groups, filling the barn with one-half to one-third of the herd, milking the animals, and then emptying and refilling the barn.
A milking pipeline or milk pipeline is a component of a dairy farm animal-milking operation which is used to transfer milk from the animals to a cooling and storage bulk tank.

Bulk tank

vat
A milk lift pump draws the milk from the receiving can through large diameter stainless steel piping, through the plate cooler, then into a refrigerated bulk tank.
In dairy farming a bulk milk cooling tank is a large storage tank for cooling and holding milk at a cold temperature until it can be picked up by a milk hauler.

Barn

byrebarnshorse barn
For most herds, milking took place indoors twice a day, in a barn with the cattle tied by the neck with ropes or held in place by stanchions.
These commonly have gambrel or hip roofs to maximize the size of the hay loft above the dairy roof, and have become associated in the popular image of a dairy farm.

Automatic milking

milking machinemilking robotsautomated milking
The first milking machines were an extension of the traditional milking pail.
In fact all activities must be scheduled around the milking process on the dairy farm.

Milk fever

Common ailments affecting dairy cows include infectious disease (e.g. mastitis, endometritis and digital dermatitis), metabolic disease (e.g. milk fever and ketosis) and injuries caused by their environment (e.g. hoof and hock lesions).
Milk fever, postparturient hypocalcemia, or parturient paresis is a disease, primarily in dairy cattle but also seen in beef cattle and non-bovine domesticated animals, characterized by reduced blood calcium levels (see: Hypocalcemia).

Stanchion

stanchionsmetal pole
For most herds, milking took place indoors twice a day, in a barn with the cattle tied by the neck with ropes or held in place by stanchions.
The metal head bails in dairy barns that lock the cows in place while they are milked.

Dairy cattle

dairy cowsdairy cowdairy
In developed countries, dairy farms typically consist of high producing dairy cows.
Dairy cows may be found either in herds or dairy farms where dairy farmers own, manage, care for, and collect milk from them, or on commercial farms.

Wisconsin

WIState of WisconsinWis.
In the United States, the top five dairy states are, in order by total milk production; California, Wisconsin, New York, Idaho, and Pennsylvania.
Wisconsin is known as "America's Dairyland" because it is one of the nation's leading dairy producers, particularly famous for its cheese.

Silage

ensilagehaylageensiling
Corn, alfalfa, wheat, oats, and sorghum crops are often anaerobically fermented to create silage.
The conditions of dairy farming in the USA suited the ensiling of green corn fodder, and was soon adopted by New England farmers.

List of dairy products

List of dairy products
Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or an animal husbandry, enterprise, for long-term production of milk, usually from dairy cows but also from goats, sheep and camels, which may be either processed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale.

Vermont

VTState of VermontVt.
Dairy farming is also an important industry in Florida, Minnesota, Ohio and Vermont.
Dairy farming is the primary source of agricultural income.

Growth hormone

human growth hormonegrowth hormonessomatotropin
It is possible to maintain higher milk production by supplementing cows with growth hormones known as recombinant BST or rBST, but this is controversial due to its effects on animal and possibly human health.
In the United States, it is legal to give a bovine GH to dairy cows to increase milk production, and is legal to use GH in raising cows for beef; see article on Bovine somatotropin, cattle feeding, dairy farming and the beef hormone controversy.

Sa'ad

Kibbutz Saad
The dairy farm on Sa'ad was the Israeli leader in 2011 for productivity with an average of 13785 l per head that year.
The dairy farm on the kibbutz was the Israeli leader in 2011 for productivity with an average of 13 785 litres per head that year.

Ubre Blanca

Ubre Blanca, a record milk-producing cow
Dairy farming

Agriculture

farmingagriculturalagriculturist
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.

Food processing

processingfood manufacturingprocessed
Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.

Goat

goatsdomestic goatmilk
Other species used in commercial dairy farming include goats, sheep, and camels.

Sheep milk

sheep's milksheepewe's milk
Other species used in commercial dairy farming include goats, sheep, and camels.

Camel milk

camel's milkcamelsmilk
Other species used in commercial dairy farming include goats, sheep, and camels.

Italy

🇮🇹ItalianITA
In Italy, donkey dairies are growing in popularity to produce an alternative milk source for human infants.

Donkey

burroassdonkeys
In Italy, donkey dairies are growing in popularity to produce an alternative milk source for human infants.

Cheese

cheesesrindCheese making
Large scale dairy farming is only viable where either a large amount of milk is required for production of more durable dairy products such as cheese, butter, etc. or there is a substantial market of people with cash to buy milk, but no cows of their own.