Damnatio memoriae

condemned to oblivionerasedremoveddamnation of his memorydamned Geta's memoryerased all official historyerased from public monumentserases terrorists' names from recordserasing their names from the recordseverywhere were overthrown
Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase meaning "condemnation of memory", i.e., that a person is to be excluded from official accounts.wikipedia
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Herostratus

Erostratusarsonist who burned the Temple of ArtemisHerostratos
One example of Damnatio memoriae, or oblivion, as a punishment was meted out by the peoples of Ephesus after Herostratus set fire to the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of antiquity.
His acts prompted the creation of a damnatio memoriae law forbidding anyone to mention his name, orally or in writing.

Temple of Artemis

Artemis of EphesusTemple of Artemis at EphesusDiana of Ephesus
One example of Damnatio memoriae, or oblivion, as a punishment was meted out by the peoples of Ephesus after Herostratus set fire to the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of antiquity.
For this outrage, the Ephesians sentenced the perpetrator to death and forbade anyone from mentioning his name; but Theopompus later noted it.

Hatshepsut

Queen HatshepsutHatshepsut of EgyptHatsheput
The term can be applied to other instances of official scrubbing; the practice is seen as long ago as the reign of the Egyptian pharaoh Hatshepsut in the fourteenth century BC.
Toward the end of the reign of Thutmose III and into the reign of his son, an attempt was made to remove Hatshepsut from certain historical and pharaonic records — a "damnatio memoriae".

Nero

Emperor NeroNero CaesarNero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus
Nero was declared an enemy of the state by the senate, with many of his statues being attacked but was also given an enormous funeral honoring him after his death by Vitellius.
This reworking of images is often explained as part of the way in which the memory of disgraced emperors was condemned posthumously (see damnatio memoriae).

Elagabalus

HeliogabalusElagabalVarius Avitus
The practice was applied to Elagabalus after his assassination.
The practice of damnatio memoriae—erasing from the public record a disgraced personage formerly of note—was systematically applied in his case.

List of condemned Roman emperors

List of Roman emperors to be condemned
Damnatio memoriae was the ancient Roman practice of erasing the names of disgraced individuals from public memory.

Geta (emperor)

GetaPublius Septimius GetaPublius Septimius Geta Caesar
A particularly large number exist with Geta's image.
Caracalla ordered the damnation of his memory, which was thoroughly carried out, as is clear from the archaeological record.

Nonperson

non-personRetouched photo with Stalin and Nikolai Yezhovunperson
A nonperson is a citizen or a member of a group who lacks, loses, or is forcibly denied social or legal status, especially basic human rights, or who effectively ceases to have a record of their existence within a society (damnatio memoriae), from a point of view of traceability, documentation, or existence.

List of tombs of antipopes

Antipopes
Others are obscure because of the damnatio memoriae surrounding the lives of antipopes, or because they were refused burial due to excommunication.

Yimakh shemo

may their names be obliteratedyimach shemo
In Hebrew the abbreviation is y-sh"u The curse connects with examples of erasure of names in other cultures (damnatio memoriae).

Zhao Ziyang

Premier ZhaoZhao
Ukraine successfully dismantled all 1,320 statues of Lenin after its independence, as well as renaming roads and structures named under Soviet authority The treatment of Chinese Statesman Zhao Ziyang following his fall from grace inside the Chinese Communist Party is regarded as a modern case of Damnatio Memoriae.
In October 2019 he was finally laid to rest in a cemetery north of Beijing and it was reported that the had been declared Damnatio Memoriae.

Censorship of images in the Soviet Union

airbrushed outairbrushed out the cosmonaut's imageairbrushing dissidents out of photographs

Crisis of the Roman Republic

Republic's collapsecollapse of the RepublicRoman Republican civil wars

Proscription

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
Damnatio memoriae is a modern Latin phrase meaning "condemnation of memory", i.e., that a person is to be excluded from official accounts.

Roman Senate

senatorSenateRoman Senator
It was a form of dishonor that could be passed by the Roman Senate on traitors or others who brought discredit to the Roman State.

Treason

high treasontraitortraitors
It was a form of dishonor that could be passed by the Roman Senate on traitors or others who brought discredit to the Roman State.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
It was a form of dishonor that could be passed by the Roman Senate on traitors or others who brought discredit to the Roman State.

Thesis

dissertationdoctoral thesisdoctoral dissertation
The first appearance of the phrase is in a dissertation written in Germany in 1689.

Ephesus

EphesosEphesianApasa
One example of Damnatio memoriae, or oblivion, as a punishment was meted out by the peoples of Ephesus after Herostratus set fire to the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of antiquity.

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Seven Wonders of the WorldSeven Wonderswonder of the world
One example of Damnatio memoriae, or oblivion, as a punishment was meted out by the peoples of Ephesus after Herostratus set fire to the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of antiquity.

Social status

statussuccesssocial ladder
In a city that stressed social appearance, respectability, and the pride of being a true Roman as a fundamental requirement of the citizen, it was perhaps the severest punishment.