Dara (Mesopotamia)

DaraDarasDara Syrorum of the SyriacsAnastasiopolisDara(s)Dara, Mesopotamia
Dara or Daras was an important East Roman fortress city in northern Mesopotamia on the border with the Sassanid Empire.wikipedia
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Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
Dara or Daras was an important East Roman fortress city in northern Mesopotamia on the border with the Sassanid Empire. During the Anastasian War in 502–506, the Roman armies fared badly against the Sassanid Persians.
In 530, Kavadh sent an army under Perozes to attack the important Roman frontier city of Dara.

Battle of Dara

Daraagainst the Persiansbattle of Dara in 530
Because of its great strategic importance, it featured prominently in the Roman-Persian conflicts of the 6th century, with the famous Battle of Dara taking place before its walls in 530.
In 529, the failed negotiations of Justin's successor Justinian prompted a Sassanian expedition of 40,000 men towards Dara.

Roman–Persian Wars

Roman-Persian WarsRoman-Sassanid WarsRoman–Persian War
Because of its great strategic importance, it featured prominently in the Roman-Persian conflicts of the 6th century, with the famous Battle of Dara taking place before its walls in 530.
In 505, Anastasius ordered the building of a great fortified city at Dara.

Anastasius I Dicorus

Anastasius IAnastasiusEmperor Anastasius
Therefore, in 505, while the Persian King Kavadh I was distracted in the East, Emperor Anastasius I decided to rebuild the village of Dara, only 18 kilometres westwards from Nisibis and just 5 km from the actual border with Persia, to be "a refuge for the army in which they might rest, and for the preparation of weapons, and to guard the country of the Arabs from the inroads of the Persians and Saracens".
Anastasius afterward built the strong fortress of Daras, which was named Anastasiopolis, to hold the Persians at Nisibis in check.

Dara Dam

Daraan advanced arch daman elaborate arch dam
To avert the danger of flooding, which had already once wrecked large parts of the city, an elaborate arch dam was built to contain it, one of the earliest known of its kind.
The Dara Dam was a Roman arch dam at Dara in Mesopotamia (modern-day Turkey), a rare pre-modern example of this dam type.

Anastasian War

War with Sassanid Persiabrief warongoing war
During the Anastasian War in 502–506, the Roman armies fared badly against the Sassanid Persians.
The Roman generals blamed many of their difficulties in this war on their lack of a major base in the immediate vicinity of the frontier, a role filled for the Persians by Nisibis (which until its secession in 363 had served the same purpose for the Romans), and in 505 Anastasius therefore ordered the building of a great fortified city at Dara.

List of Byzantine emperors

Byzantine EmperorEmperorByzantine emperors
Thus Byzantine Emperor Justinian I was compelled to undertake extensive repairs to the city, afterwards renaming it Iustiniana Nova.

Bartholomew the Apostle

Saint BartholomewBartholomewSt. Bartholomew
In addition, barracks were built for the garrison, and two new churches were constructed, the "Great Church", and one dedicated to St Bartholomew.
The 6th-century writer in Constantinople, Theodorus Lector, averred that in about 507, the Byzantine emperor Anastasius I Dicorus gave the body of Bartholomew to the city of Daras, in Mesopotamia, which he had recently refounded.

Justinian I

JustinianEmperor JustinianJustinian the Great
Thus Byzantine Emperor Justinian I was compelled to undertake extensive repairs to the city, afterwards renaming it Iustiniana Nova.
He first sacked Beroea and then Antioch (allowing the garrison of 6,000 men to leave the city), besieged Daras, and then went on to attack the small but strategically significant satellite kingdom of Lazica near the Black Sea, exacting tribute from the towns he passed along his way.

Khosrow I

Khosrau IChosroes IChosroes
The city was later besieged and captured by the Persians under Khosrau I in 573-574, but was returned to the Romans by Khosrau II after the Roman-Persian treaty in 590.
Justinian would pay 110 centenaria (11,000 pounds) of gold, ostensibly as a contribution to the defence of the Caucasus passes against the barbarians living beyond, and the base of the dux Mesopotamiae would be withdrawn from the fortress of Dara to the city of Constantina.

Nusaybin

NisibisNisibinNasibin
Therefore, in 505, while the Persian King Kavadh I was distracted in the East, Emperor Anastasius I decided to rebuild the village of Dara, only 18 kilometres westwards from Nisibis and just 5 km from the actual border with Persia, to be "a refuge for the army in which they might rest, and for the preparation of weapons, and to guard the country of the Arabs from the inroads of the Persians and Saracens". According to the Syriac Chronicle of Zacharias of Mytilene, the Roman generals blamed their difficulties on the lack of a strong base in the area, as opposed to the Persians, who held the great city of Nisibis (which until its cession in 363 had served the same purpose for the Romans).
The settlement was then known as Dara (now Oğuz).

Rhesaina

ResaenaRhesaena
The new city became the seat of a Christian bishop and was at first a Metropolitan see, with three suffragans : Rhesaina (also called Theodosiopolis), Rhandus and Nasala.
Rhesaina (Rhesaena) was a city in the late Roman province of Mesopotamia Secunda and a bishopric that was a suffragan of Dara.

Khosrow II

Khosrau IIChosroes IIKhosrow Parviz
The city was later besieged and captured by the Persians under Khosrau I in 573-574, but was returned to the Romans by Khosrau II after the Roman-Persian treaty in 590.
He then sent a message to Maurice, and requested his help to regain the Sasanian throne, which the Byzantine emperor agreed with; in return, the Byzantines would re-gain sovereignty over the cities of Amida, Carrhae, Dara and Martyropolis.

Kavad I

Kavadh IKavadKavadh
Therefore, in 505, while the Persian King Kavadh I was distracted in the East, Emperor Anastasius I decided to rebuild the village of Dara, only 18 kilometres westwards from Nisibis and just 5 km from the actual border with Persia, to be "a refuge for the army in which they might rest, and for the preparation of weapons, and to guard the country of the Arabs from the inroads of the Persians and Saracens".
In 530, one of the famous open-field battles took place between the Byzantine and Sasanian troops at Dara.

Mesopotamia (Roman province)

Mesopotamiadux MesopotamiaeRoman Mesopotamia
It took the name Anastasiopolis and became the seat of the Roman dux Mesopotamiae.
491–518) built the fortress of Dara as a counter to Nisibis and as the new base of the dux Mesopotamiae.

Siege of Dara (573)

Siege of Darabesieged and capturedcapture
The city was later besieged and captured by the Persians under Khosrau I in 573-574, but was returned to the Romans by Khosrau II after the Roman-Persian treaty in 590.

Cordes (river)

Cordes
Justinian's engineers also diverted the nearby river Cordes towards the city by digging a canal.
The town of Dara was situated upon its banks.

Syriac Catholic Church

Syriac CatholicSyriacSyriac Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch
No longer a residential bishopric, Dara is now listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see, both Latin and in particular for the Syriac Catholic Church, which, though of the West Syriac Rite, is in full communion with the Holy See.

Nasala

The new city became the seat of a Christian bishop and was at first a Metropolitan see, with three suffragans : Rhesaina (also called Theodosiopolis), Rhandus and Nasala.
Nasala was important enough in the Late Roman province of Mesopotamia Secunda to become a suffragan of its Metropolitan Archbishopric (Dara(s), replaced in the 19th century by Rhesaina), but would fade.

Franz Engelbert Barbo von Waxenstein

He served as Titular Bishop of Dara and Auxiliary Bishop of Breslau.

Mount Izla

Mt. IzlaIzla mountainMount Izala
* Mt. Izla
One end of the ridge is Dara, a Roman fortification.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines
Dara or Daras was an important East Roman fortress city in northern Mesopotamia on the border with the Sassanid Empire.

Mesopotamia

MesopotamianMesopotamiansAncient Iraq
Dara or Daras was an important East Roman fortress city in northern Mesopotamia on the border with the Sassanid Empire.

Turkey

TurkishRepublic of TurkeyTUR
Today the Turkish village of Oğuz, Mardin Province, occupies its location.

Mardin Province

MardinMardin Province, TurkeyProvince of Mardin
Today the Turkish village of Oğuz, Mardin Province, occupies its location.