Miniature portrait of Dara Shikoh
Jahanara Begum
18th-century portrait of Dara Shikoh
The Passing of Shah Jahan beside his daughter and caretaker Princess Jahanara. Painting by Abanindranath Tagore, 1902
Dara's brothers (left to right) Shah Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years, ca 1637
Jahanara's tomb (left), Nizamuddin Auliya's tomb (right) and Jamaat Khana Masjid (background), at Nizamuddin Dargah complex, in Nizamuddin West, Delhi.
Young Dara Shikoh (Left) and Mian Mir (Right)
The marriage of Dara Shikoh and Nadira Begum, 1875–90
Wedding procession of Dara Shikoh, with Shah Shuja and Aurangzeb behind him. Royal Collection Trust, London.
Dara Shikoh with his army
Humayun's Tomb, where the remains of Dara Shikoh were interred in an unidentified grave.
A page from the Majma-ul-Bahrain, Victoria Memorial, Calcutta.
Dara Shikoh (with Mian Mir and Mullah Shah Badakhshi), ca. 1635
A painting from the Persian translation of Yoga Vasistha manuscript, 1602
A Prince in Iranian Costume by Muhammad Khan. Dara Shikoh Album, Agra, 1633–34.
Shah Jahan Receiving Dara Shikoh

1658 – 1707)). Dara was designated with the title Padshahzada-i-Buzurg Martaba ("Prince of High Rank") and was favoured as a successor by his father and his elder sister, Princess Jahanara Begum.

- Dara Shikoh

Jahanara was an ardent partisan of her brother, Dara Shikoh, and supported him as her father's chosen successor.

- Jahanara Begum
Miniature portrait of Dara Shikoh

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Portrait of Shah Jahan in c. 1630

Shah Jahan

The fifth emperor of the Mughal Empire, reigning from January 1628 until July 1658.

The fifth emperor of the Mughal Empire, reigning from January 1628 until July 1658.

Portrait of Shah Jahan in c. 1630
Shah Jahan, accompanied by his three sons: Dara Shikoh, Shah Shuja and Aurangzeb, and their maternal grandfather Asaf Khan IV
Rosette bearing the names and titles of Shah Jahan
The Taj Mahal, the burial place of Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz Mahal
The Submission of Rana Amar Singh of Mewar to Prince Khurram, Tuzk-e-Jahangiri.
Shah Jahan on horseback (during his youth).
Shah Jahan at his Durbar, from the Windsor Padshahnama, c. 1657
Shah Jahan the Great Mogul
Throne of king Shah Jahan, Red Fort, Delhi
Painting of Shah Jahan hunting Asiatic lions at Burhanpur, present-day Madhya Pradesh, from 1630
Shah Jahan and his eldest son Dara Shikoh.
The Passing of Shah Jahan
The actual tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan in the lower level of Taj Mahal
Red Fort
The elegant Naulakha Pavilion at the Lahore Fort was built during the reign of Shah Jahan.
Agra Fort
Shah Jahan and the Mughal Army return after attending a congregation in the Jama Masjid, Delhi.
Lahore's Wazir Khan Mosque is considered to be the most ornate Mughal-era mosque.<ref>{{cite book |last=Dani |first=A. H. |date=2003 |chapter=The Architecture of the Mughal Empire (North-Western Regions) |editor-last1=Adle |editor-first1=Chahryar |editor-last2=Habib |editor-first2=Irfan |editor2-link=Irfan Habib |title=History of Civilizations of Central Asia |volume=V |chapter-url=http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001302/130205e.pdf |publisher=UNESCO |page=524 |isbn=978-92-3-103876-1}}</ref>
Moti Masjid (Red Fort)
Finial, Tamga of the Mughal Empire (combining a crescent and a spear pendant with the word Allah).
Gold Mohur from Akbarabad (Agra)
Silver rupee coin of Shah Jahan, from Patna.
Copper Dam from Daryakot mint
Silver Rupee from Multan

In September 1657, Shah Jahan was ailing from an illness and he appointed his eldest son Dara Shikoh as his successor.

Francois Bernier, a French physician who visited India from 1659 to 1668, records the relationship of Shah Jahan with Jahanara Begum exceeded basic decency that it was rumoured that they were in an incestuous relationship.

Portrait of Murad Bakhsh c. 1655

Murad Bakhsh

Mughal prince.

Mughal prince.

Portrait of Murad Bakhsh c. 1655
Murad Baksh, younger brother of Aurangzeb

Murad's siblings included his two politically powerful sisters, the princesses Jahanara Begum and Roshanara Begum, as well as the heir-apparent to his father, his eldest brother, Crown Prince Dara Shikoh and the future Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.

Portrait of Shah Shuja

Shah Shuja (Mughal prince)

The second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal.

The second son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal.

Portrait of Shah Shuja
Shah Shuja in his childhood, 1650
Shuja, Mughal prince
The Mughal armies of Aurangzeb and Shah Shuja confront each other.
A painting from circa 1637 shows the brothers (left to right) Shuja, Aurangzeb and Murad Baksh in their younger years
Bara Katra
Dhanmondi Eidgah
Hussaini Dalan
An etching of Bara Katra by Sir Charles D'Oyly in 1823

Shuja's siblings were the eldest sister Jahanara Begum, Dara Shikoh, Roshanara Begum, Aurangzeb, Murad Baksh, Gauhara Begum and others.

17th or 18th-century portrait

Mumtaz Mahal

The empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

The empress consort of the Mughal Empire from 19 January 1628 to 17 June 1631 as the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

17th or 18th-century portrait
Mumtaz Mahal with an attendant.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Taj Mahal is the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan.
Cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal.
Tomb of Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal, alongside her husband Shah Jahan

Mumtaz and her husband had 14 children, including Jahanara Begum (Shah Jahan's favorite daughter), and the Crown prince Dara Shikoh, the heir-apparent, anointed by his father, who temporarily succeeded him until deposed by Mumtaz Mahal's sixth child, Aurangzeb, who ultimately succeeded his father as the sixth Mughal emperor in 1658.

Princess Roshanara with her attendants

Roshanara Begum

Mughal princess and the third daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Mughal princess and the third daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.

Princess Roshanara with her attendants
Tomb of Roshanara Begum, Delhi
Tomb of Roshanara in her baradhari in Phulbangash, north Delhi
Front and left side view of tomb of Roshanara Begum
Interior decoration
A view of tomb of Roshanara Begum
A view of Roshanara Garden through tomb of Roshanara Begum

Of Roshanara's four brothers, the eldest, Dara Shikoh, was Shah Jahan's favourite son and heir apparent to the Peacock Throne.

During this power struggle, Dara Shikoh received the support of his oldest sister, Jahanara Begum, while Roshanara Begum sided with Aurangzeb.

Film poster

Taj Mahal: An Eternal Love Story

2005 Indian historical drama film directed by Akbar Khan.

2005 Indian historical drama film directed by Akbar Khan.

Film poster

Manisha Koirala as Jahan Ara

Vaquar Sheikh as Dara Shikoh

Jahangir receives Prince Khurram at Ajmer on his return from the Mewar campaign

Ajmer

One of the major and oldest cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the centre of the eponymous Ajmer District.

One of the major and oldest cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the centre of the eponymous Ajmer District.

Jahangir receives Prince Khurram at Ajmer on his return from the Mewar campaign
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View of Ajmer from Taragarh Fort
Dargah Sharif Ajmer
A Hindu Style Pillar in Adhai Din Ka Jhopara Monument.
Swarna Nagari in Soniji Ki Nasiyan
Akbari Fort and Museum
Nareli Jain Temple is a recent addition to Ajmer
Baradari on Lake Anasagar
Tomb of Khwaja Husain Ajmeri

Jahanara Begum and Dara Shikoh, children of Shah Jahan, were both born in the city in 1614 and 1615 respectively.

Dara Shikoh (with Mian Mir and Mullah Shah Badakhshi). ca. 1635

Shah Badakhshi

17th-century Muslim Sufi, and spiritual successor of the famous Sufi saint Mian Mir .

17th-century Muslim Sufi, and spiritual successor of the famous Sufi saint Mian Mir .

Dara Shikoh (with Mian Mir and Mullah Shah Badakhshi). ca. 1635

He was the spiritual mentor of the Mughal prince Dara Shikoh Qadri (1615 – 1659) and his sister Princess Jahanara Begum.

This portrait is believed to be of Princess Nadira Banu Begum

Nadira Banu Begum

This portrait is believed to be of Princess Nadira Banu Begum
The wedding of Nadira Begum and Dara Shikoh
Outside view of Nadira Begum's tomb during winter

Nadira Banu Begum (14 March 1618 – 6 June 1659) was a Mughal princess and the wife of the Crown prince, Dara Shikoh, the eldest son and heir-apparent of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.

After much coaxing by many, including his favorite daughter Jahanara Begum, he resumed life as normal and let her oversee the remaining aspects of the wedding.