Dares Phrygius

Dares the PhrygianDaresDares of PhrygiaDe excidio TroiaeDaretis Phrygii De Excidio Troiae HistoriaDaretis Phrygii de excidio Trojae historiaDe excidio Troiae Historia
Dares Phrygius, according to Homer, was a Trojan priest of Hephaestus.wikipedia
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Dictys Cretensis

Dictys of CreteDictysDictys Cretensis Ephemeridos belli Trojani
Together with the similar work of Dictys Cretensis (with which it is generally printed), the De excidio forms the chief source for the numerous medieval accounts of the Trojan legend, the so-called Matter of Troy.
Its chief interest lies in the fact that, as knowledge of Greek waned and disappeared in Western Europe, this and the De excidio Trojae of Dares Phrygius were the sources from which the Homeric legends were transmitted to the Romance literature of the Middle Ages.

Matter of Rome

Matter of TroyMatter of Troy and of Romeof Rome
Together with the similar work of Dictys Cretensis (with which it is generally printed), the De excidio forms the chief source for the numerous medieval accounts of the Trojan legend, the so-called Matter of Troy.
Classical topics were the subjects of a good deal of Old French literature, which in the case of Trojan subject matter ultimately deriving from Homer was built on scant sources; since the Iliad and the Odyssey were unknown, medieval Western poets had to make do with two short prose narratives based on Homer, ascribed to Dictys Cretensis and Dares Phrygius.

De bello Troiano

De Bello Trojano
The work was a significant source for Joseph of Exeter's De bello Troiano.
The ancient Greek epic on the subject, the Iliad, was inaccessible; instead, the sources available included the fictional "diaries" of Dictys of Crete and Dares of Phrygia.

Joseph of Exeter

Josephus Exoniensis
The work was a significant source for Joseph of Exeter's De bello Troiano.
* Dares Phrygius

Homer

HomericHomeric epicsHomeric poems
Dares Phrygius, according to Homer, was a Trojan priest of Hephaestus.

Troy

TrojanTrojansIlium
Dares Phrygius, according to Homer, was a Trojan priest of Hephaestus.

Hephaestus

HephaistosHephaestoseight spellings
Dares Phrygius, according to Homer, was a Trojan priest of Hephaestus.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
A work in Latin, purporting to be a translation of this, and entitled Daretis Phrygii de excidio Trojae historia, was much read in the Middle Ages, and was then ascribed to Cornelius Nepos, who is made to dedicate it to Sallust; but the language better fits a period much later than the time of Nepos (probably the 5th century AD).

Cornelius Nepos

NeposExcellentium Imperatorum VitaeNepos, Cornelius
A work in Latin, purporting to be a translation of this, and entitled Daretis Phrygii de excidio Trojae historia, was much read in the Middle Ages, and was then ascribed to Cornelius Nepos, who is made to dedicate it to Sallust; but the language better fits a period much later than the time of Nepos (probably the 5th century AD).

Sallust

Gaius Sallustius CrispusSallustiusGaius Sallustius Crispus (Sallust)
A work in Latin, purporting to be a translation of this, and entitled Daretis Phrygii de excidio Trojae historia, was much read in the Middle Ages, and was then ascribed to Cornelius Nepos, who is made to dedicate it to Sallust; but the language better fits a period much later than the time of Nepos (probably the 5th century AD).

Greek literature

GreekGreek poetryliterature
It is doubtful whether the existing work is an abridgment of a larger Latin work or an adaptation of a Greek original.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
Together with the similar work of Dictys Cretensis (with which it is generally printed), the De excidio forms the chief source for the numerous medieval accounts of the Trojan legend, the so-called Matter of Troy.

List of Greek mythological figures

Greek godGreek godsgods
*List of Greek mythological figures

Trójumanna saga

Icelandic Troy Saga
It is the Icelandic translation of the Daretis Phrygii De Excidio Troiae Historia (Dares Phrygius’ History of the Destruction of Troy).

Italian literature

Italianliteratureliterature of Italy
The Historia de excidio Trojae, attributed to Dares Phrygius, claimed to be an eyewitness account of the Trojan war.

Chivalric sagas

romance sagachivalric sagaromance-saga
Pseudo-historical works translated from Latin are Alexanders saga (a translation of Alexandreis), Amícus saga ok Amilíus (based on Vincent of Beauvais's Speculum historiale), Breta sögur (a translation of Historia Regum Britanniae), and Trójumanna saga (a translation of De excidio Troiae).

Rawlinson Excidium Troie

Rawlinson ''Excidium Troie
The Rawlinson Excidium Troie ("The Destruction of Troy"), discovered among the manuscripts collected by Richard Rawlinson (1690–1755) conserved in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, is unique in that it contains the only medieval account of the Trojan War that is fully independent of Dictys and Dares, "strikingly different from any other known mediaeval version of the Trojan War", according to its editor, E. Bagby Atwood.

Aeneas

aeneusÆneasEnea
Aeneas also appears in the Trojan narratives attributed to Dares Phrygius and Dictys of Crete

The Seege of Troye

Somewhat crudely it thoroughly blends its two main sources, Dares Phrygius and Benoît de Sainte-Maure's Roman de Troie, and draws upon the Rawlinson Excidium Troie for episodes of the youth of Paris.

Achilles

Achilleustragic championA'''chilles
In Dares Phrygius' Account of the Destruction of Troy, the Latin summary through which the story of Achilles was transmitted to medieval Europe, as well as in older accounts, Troilus was a young Trojan prince, the youngest of King Priam's and Hecuba's five legitimate sons (or according other sources, another son of Apollo).

Gesta Hungarorum

Gesta UngarorumAnonymousAnonymus
Anonymus mentioned that they had found pleasure in reading the Trojan History, a work attributed to Dares Phrygius, which enjoyed popularity in the Middle Ages.

Histoire ancienne jusqu'à César

The so-called second redaction came into being in Naples c. 1340, in which the version of the legend of Troy based on Daretis Phrygii de excidio Trojae historia was replaced by a prose adaptation of the Roman de Troie by Benoît de Sainte-Maure.