Dari

Dari PersianDari languageDari-PersianPersianDari (Persian)Afghan PersianDari (Afghan Persian)Dari (Persian dialect)prsDari dialect
Darī or Dari Persian (فارسی دری, Fārsī-ye Darī, ) or synonymously Farsi (فارسی, Fārsī, ) is a variety of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan.wikipedia
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Afghanistan

AfghanIslamic Republic of AfghanistanAfghans
Darī or Dari Persian (فارسی دری, Fārsī-ye Darī, ) or synonymously Farsi (فارسی, Fārsī, ) is a variety of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in Asia.

Tajik language

TajikTajikiTajik Persian
By way of Early New Persian, Dari Persian, like Iranian Persian and Tajik, is a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of the Sassanian Empire (224–651 CE), itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenids (550–330 BC).
It is closely related to neighboring Dari Persian with which it forms a continuum of mutually intelligible varieties.

Western Persian

Iranian PersianFarsi, WesternIran's standard Persian
Iranian Persian and Dari Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology.
The other two are Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian.

Demographics of Afghanistan

AfghanAfghansDemography of Afghanistan
Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan and the native language of approximately 25–50% of the population.
Pashto and Dari are both the official languages of the country.

Pashtuns

PashtunPakhtunsPathan
Many Persian speakers in Afghanistan prefer and use the name "Farsi" and say the term Dari has been forced on them by the dominant Pashtun ethnic group as an attempt to distance Afghans from their cultural, linguistic and historical ties to the Persian-speaking nations, which includes Iran and Tajikistan.
This definition places less emphasis on what language one speaks, such as Pashto, Dari, Hindko, Urdu, Hindi or English.

Pashto

Pashto languagePushtoPashtu
As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto.
Pashto and Dari are the two official languages of Afghanistan.

Mazar-i-Sharif

Mazar-e-SharifMazari SharifMazar-e Sharif
Dari dominates the northern, western and central areas of Afghanistan, and is the common language spoken in cities such as Mazar-i-Sharif, Herat, Fayzabad, Panjshir, Bamiyan, and the Afghan capital of Kabul where all ethnic groups are settled.
Mazār-i-Sharīf (Dari and مزار شریف; ), also called Mazār-e Sharīf, or just Mazar, is the fourth-largest city of Afghanistan, with a 2015 UN–Habitat population estimate 427,600.

Farah, Afghanistan

FarahFarah CityPhrada
Dari-speaking communities also exist in southwestern and eastern Pashtun-dominated areas such as in the cities of Ghazni, Farah, Zaranj, Lashkar Gah, Kandahar, and Gardez.
Farah (Pashto / Dari Persian: فراه) is the capital of Farah Province in western Afghanistan.

Constitution of Afghanistan

Afghan Constitutionconstitution2004 constitution
As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto.
Article 16 of the constitution states that "from amongst Pashto, Dari, Uzbeki, Turkmani, Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristani and other current languages in the country, Pashto and Dari shall be the official languages of the state."

Persian language

PersianNew PersianFarsi
Darī or Dari Persian (فارسی دری, Fārsī-ye Darī, ) or synonymously Farsi (فارسی, Fārsī, ) is a variety of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan.
It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian (officially named Dari since 1958) and Tajiki Persian (officially named Tajik since the Soviet era).

Edward Zellem

The Dari language has a rich and colorful tradition of proverbs that deeply reflect Afghan culture and relationships, as demonstrated by U.S. Navy Captain Edward Zellem in his bilingual books on Afghan Dari proverbs collected in Afghanistan.
He can speak Dari and worked in Afghanistan, where for a year and a half he collected and used Dari proverbs every day as a hobby and learning tool.

Ethnic groups in Afghanistan

Ethnicityethnic group in Afghanistanethnic groups of Afghanistan
Tajiks, who comprise approximately 27% of the population, are the primary speakers, followed by Hazaras (9%) and Aymāqs (4%).
They are a native Persian-speaking people.

Muhammad Iqbal

Allama IqbalIqbalAllama Muhammad Iqbal
Translation: Even though in sweetness Hindi* is sugar – (but) speech method in Dari (Persian dialect) is sweeter *

Zoroastrianism

ZoroastrianZoroastriansZoroastrian religion
The Dari language spoken in Afghanistan is not to be confused with the language of Iran called Dari or Gabri, which is a language of the Central Iranian subgroup spoken in some Zoroastrian communities.
They call their language Dari (not to be confused with the Dari of Afghanistan).

Ferdowsi

FirdausiFerdousiFirdowsi
The language, based as the poem is on a Dari original, is pure Persian with only the slightest admixture of Arabic.

Balkh Province

BalkhMazariولایت بلخ''' or Bactria Province
It is divided into 15 districts and has a population of about 1,245,100, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a Persian-speaking society.

Herat Province

HeratGovernor of Herat ProvinceHerat province, Afghanistan
Herat (Pashto/Dari: هرات) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the western part of the country.

Tajiks

TajikTajik peopleTadjiks
Tajiks, who comprise approximately 27% of the population, are the primary speakers, followed by Hazaras (9%) and Aymāqs (4%).
The language of the Tajiks is an eastern dialect of Persian, called Dari (derived from Darbārī, "[of/from the] royal courts", in the sense of "courtly language"), or also Parsi-e Darbari.

Tehrani accent

TehranTehraniTehrani dialect
The Kabuli dialect has become the standard model of Dari in Afghanistan, as has the Tehrani dialect in relation to the Persian in Iran.

Kabul

Kabul, AfghanistanNeighborhood of KabulKabul City
Dari dominates the northern, western and central areas of Afghanistan, and is the common language spoken in cities such as Mazar-i-Sharif, Herat, Fayzabad, Panjshir, Bamiyan, and the Afghan capital of Kabul where all ethnic groups are settled.
The Dari (Persian) and Pashto languages are widely used in the region, although Dari serves as the lingua franca.

Panjshir Province

PanjshirPanjsherPanjhir
Dari dominates the northern, western and central areas of Afghanistan, and is the common language spoken in cities such as Mazar-i-Sharif, Herat, Fayzabad, Panjshir, Bamiyan, and the Afghan capital of Kabul where all ethnic groups are settled.
Dari (Afghan Persian) is the dominant language in the province.

Persian alphabet

PersianPerso-Arabic alphabetPerso-Arabic
The Persian alphabet, also known as the Perso-Arabic alphabet, is a writing system used for the Persian language spoken in Iran (Western Persian) and Afghanistan (Dari Persian).

Official language

official languagesofficialadministrative language
Successive governments of Afghanistan have promoted New Persian as an official language of government since the time of the Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526), even as those governments were dominated by Pashtun people.
In accordance with Chapter 1, Article 16 of the Constitution of Afghanistan, the Afghan government gives equal status to Pashto and Dari as official languages.

Fayzabad, Badakhshan

FayzabadFeyzabadFaizabad
Dari dominates the northern, western and central areas of Afghanistan, and is the common language spoken in cities such as Mazar-i-Sharif, Herat, Fayzabad, Panjshir, Bamiyan, and the Afghan capital of Kabul where all ethnic groups are settled.
Eleven languages are spoken in the city, including Dari, Wakhi, Munji, Pashto, Ishkashimi, Yazgulyam, Sarikoli, Shughni, Rushani, Uzbek and Turkmen.