Darknet market

darknet marketsdarknet drug marketsblack market passwordsblack marketscrypto-marketscryptomarketonline black marketonline black marketsPandora
A darknet market or cryptomarket is a commercial website on the web that operates via darknets such as Tor or I2P.wikipedia
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Carding (fraud)

cardingcredit card fraudcredit card data
They function primarily as black markets, selling or brokering transactions involving drugs, cyber-arms, weapons, counterfeit currency, stolen credit card details, forged documents, unlicensed pharmaceuticals, steroids, and other illicit goods as well as the sale of legal products. In the 2000s, early cybercrime and carding forums such as ShadowCrew experimented with drug wholesaling on a limited scale.
Ultimately, the data may be sold on darknet markets and other carding sites and forum ' cvv shops' specialising in these types of illegal goods.

Black market

underground economyblack moneyblack-market
They function primarily as black markets, selling or brokering transactions involving drugs, cyber-arms, weapons, counterfeit currency, stolen credit card details, forged documents, unlicensed pharmaceuticals, steroids, and other illicit goods as well as the sale of legal products.
Personally identifying information, financial information like credit card and bank account information, and medical data is bought and sold, mostly in darknet markets.

Darknet

Dark Netdark webdarknets
A darknet market or cryptomarket is a commercial website on the web that operates via darknets such as Tor or I2P.
Subsequently, in 2014, journalist Jamie Bartlett in his book The Dark Net used the term to describe a range of underground and emergent subcultures, including camgirls, cryptoanarchists, darknet drug markets, self harm communities, social media racists, and transhumanists.

Operation Onymous

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November 2014 briefly shook the darknet market ecosystem, when Operation Onymous, executed by the United States' FBI and UK's National Crime Agency, led to the seizure of 27 hidden sites, including Silk Road 2.0, one of the largest markets at the time, as well 12 smaller markets and individual vendor sites.
Operation Onymous was an international law enforcement operation targeting darknet markets and other hidden services operating on the Tor network.

Agora (online marketplace)

Agora
From late 2013 through to 2014, new markets started launching with regularity, such as the Silk Road 2.0, run by the former Silk Road site administrators as well as the Agora marketplace.
Agora was a darknet market operating in the Tor network, launched in 2013 and shut down in August of 2015.

DeepDotWeb

The shutdown was described by news site DeepDotWeb as "the best advertising the dark net markets could have hoped for" following the proliferation of competing sites this caused, and The Guardian predicted others would take over the market that Silk Road previously dominated.
DeepDotWeb is a news site dedicated to events in and surrounding the dark web featuring in-depth interviews and reviews about darknet markets, Tor hidden services, legal actions, privacy, bitcoin and related news.

Atlantis (market)

Atlantis
Atlantis, the first site to accept Litecoin as well as Bitcoin, closed in September 2013, just prior to the Silk Road raid, leaving users just 1 week to withdraw any coins.
Atlantis was a darknet market founded in March 2013, the third such type of market, concurrent with The Silk Road and Black Market Reloaded.

Evolution (marketplace)

Evolution
In March 2015 the Evolution marketplace performed an "exit scam", stealing escrowed bitcoins worth $12 million, half of the ecosystem's listing market share at that time.
Evolution was a darknet market operating on the Tor network.

Utopia (marketplace)

Utopia
Such launches were not always a success; in February 2014 Utopia, the highly anticipated market based on Black Market Reloaded, opened only to shut down 8 days later following rapid actions by Dutch law enforcement.
Utopia was a darknet market similar to The Silk Road that facilitated sale of illegal items such as narcotics, firearms, stolen bank account information and forged identity documents.

Tor (anonymity network)

TorTor anonymity networkTor network
A darknet market or cryptomarket is a commercial website on the web that operates via darknets such as Tor or I2P.
In 2015, the administrators of Agora, a darknet market, announced they were taking the site offline in response to a recently discovered security vulnerability in Tor.

Cyber-arms industry

cyber-armscyberarmsrented out
They function primarily as black markets, selling or brokering transactions involving drugs, cyber-arms, weapons, counterfeit currency, stolen credit card details, forged documents, unlicensed pharmaceuticals, steroids, and other illicit goods as well as the sale of legal products. In April, TheRealDeal, the first open cyber-arms market for software exploits as well as drugs, launched to the interest of computer security experts.
Since 2005 on darknet markets and black markets such as the 'Cyber Arms Bazaar' have had their prices dropping fast with the cost of cyberweapony plummeting at least 90 percent.

Cybercrime

computer crimecyber crimehacking
In the 2000s, early cybercrime and carding forums such as ShadowCrew experimented with drug wholesaling on a limited scale.
Darknet markets are used to buy and sell recreational drugs online.

Hansa (market)

Hansa
In July 2017 the markets experienced their largest disruptions since Operations Onymous, when Operation Bayonet culminated in coordinated multinational seizures of both the Hansa and leading AlphaBay markets, sparking worldwide law enforcement investigations.
Hansa was an online darknet market which operated on a hidden service of the Tor network.

OpenBazaar

Following these events commentators suggested that further market decentralization could be required, such as the service OpenBazaar, in order to protect buyers and vendors from this risk in the future as well as more widespread support from "multi-sig" cryptocurrency payments.
DarkMarket was developed as a proof of concept in response to the seizure of the darknet market Silk Road in October 2013.

Dark web

deep webdarknetdark
A darknet market or cryptomarket is a commercial website on the web that operates via darknets such as Tor or I2P.
A December 2014 study by Gareth Owen from the University of Portsmouth found that the most commonly hosted type of content on Tor was child pornography, followed by black markets, while the individual sites with the highest traffic were dedicated to botnet operations (see attached metric).

Grams (search)

GramsHelix
The dedicated market search engine Grams allows the searching of multiple markets directly without login or registration.
Grams was a search engine for Tor based darknet markets launched in April 2014, and closed in December 2017.

Exit scam

In March 2015 the Evolution marketplace performed an "exit scam", stealing escrowed bitcoins worth $12 million, half of the ecosystem's listing market share at that time.
The online black market Evolution is cited as the biggest exit scam yet as of 2016.

The Hub (forum)

The Hub
One of the central discussion forums is Reddit's /r/DarkNetMarkets/, which have been the subject of legal investigation, as well as the Tor-based discussion forum, The Hub.
The Hub is a discussion forum on Tor hidden services on the dark web focused on darknet market reviews, cryptocurrency and security.

AlphaBay

Alpha Bay
In July 2017 the markets experienced their largest disruptions since Operations Onymous, when Operation Bayonet culminated in coordinated multinational seizures of both the Hansa and leading AlphaBay markets, sparking worldwide law enforcement investigations. By October 2015, AlphaBay was recognized as the largest market.
AlphaBay Market was an online darknet market which operated on an onion service of the Tor network.

TheRealDeal

a Tor hidden website
In April, TheRealDeal, the first open cyber-arms market for software exploits as well as drugs, launched to the interest of computer security experts.
The site relied on Tor and bitcoin similar to other darknet markets but requires multi-signature transactions.

Ross Ulbricht

Dread Pirate RobertsRoss William Ulbrichtseizure
The first pioneering marketplace to use both Tor and Bitcoin escrow was Silk Road, founded by Ross Ulbricht under pseudonym "Dread Pirate Roberts" in February 2011.
Ross William Ulbricht (born March 27, 1984) is a convicted American darknet market operator and narcotics trafficker, best known for creating and running the Silk Road website from 2011 until his arrest in 2013.

The Hive (website)

The Hive
One of the better-known web-based drug forums, The Hive, launched in 1997, serving as an information sharing forum for practical drug synthesis and legal discussion.
Darknet market

Tor Carding Forum

Some internet forums such as the defunct Tor Carding Forum and the Russian Anonymous Marketplace function as markets with trusted members providing escrow services and users engaging in off-forum messaging.
The site was founded by an individual known as 'Verto' who also founded the now defunct Evolution darknet market.

The Farmer's Market

The Farmer's Market was launched in 2006 and moved onto Tor in 2010.

Sheep Marketplace

Sheep Marketplace, which launched in March 2013, was one of the lesser known sites to gain popularity with Silk Road's closure.