A report on Darwish Pasha al-Kurji

Ottoman statesman who served as wali (governor) of Sidon in 1770–1771 and Damascus in 1783–1784.

- Darwish Pasha al-Kurji

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Artistic representation of Zahir al-Umar by Ziad Daher Zedani, 1990

Zahir al-Umar

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The autonomous Arab ruler of northern Palestine in the mid-18th century, while the region was part of the Ottoman Empire.

The autonomous Arab ruler of northern Palestine in the mid-18th century, while the region was part of the Ottoman Empire.

Artistic representation of Zahir al-Umar by Ziad Daher Zedani, 1990
Zahir's purported home in Arraba
Remains of the citadel at Tiberias which Zahir built early in his rule
Interior of the Muallaq Mosque built by Zahir in 1758
Zahir decisively defeated the army of Governor Uthman Pasha al-Kurji near Lake Hula
Zahir al-Umar's autonomous sheikhdom in 1774
Modern, artistic representation of Zahir in Acre, Ziad Daher Zedany
Zahir rebuilt the Crusader-era fortress at Khirbat Jiddin
St. Gabriel Church in Nazareth was built under the auspices of Zahir's rule
Genealogical tree of the Banu Zaydan
The fortress of Shefa-'Amr, built by Zahir's son Uthman
Section of the walls of Acre built by Zahir in 1750
The Khan al-Shawarda caravanserai was restored by Zahir
The Seraya of Nazareth, built by Zahir
The Omari Mosque in Tiberias, built by Zahir
Remains of the palace complex at Deir Hanna built by Zahir, his brother Sa'd or son Ali. Zahir was headquartered in Deir Hanna before moving to Acre
Map of Palestine in January 1721 just before Zahir Al Umar Al Zaydani would start consolidating power

In November 1770, Uthman Pasha engineered the replacement of Sidon's governor with his own son, Darwish Pasha, and succeeded in having his other son, Muhammad Pasha, appointed governor of Tripoli.

The Sidon Eyalet in 1795

Sidon Eyalet

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Eyalet (also known as a beylerbeylik) of the Ottoman Empire.

Eyalet (also known as a beylerbeylik) of the Ottoman Empire.

The Sidon Eyalet in 1795

Darwish Pasha al-Kurji (1770–1771)

Portrait of Jazzar Pasha, 1775

Jazzar Pasha

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The Acre-based Ottoman governor of Sidon Eyalet from 1776 until his death in 1804 and the simultaneous governor of Damascus Eyalet in 1785–1786, 1790–1795, 1798–1799, and 1803–1804.

The Acre-based Ottoman governor of Sidon Eyalet from 1776 until his death in 1804 and the simultaneous governor of Damascus Eyalet in 1785–1786, 1790–1795, 1798–1799, and 1803–1804.

Portrait of Jazzar Pasha, 1775
Al-Jazzar traveled to Egypt from Constantinople as part of the entourage of Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha (pictured) when the latter was appointed governor of Egypt
Al-Jazzar was a chief assassin and protégé of the Mamluk strongman of Egypt, Ali Bey al-Kabir (pictured)
Skyline of Acre, where al-Jazzar established his headquarters
Remains of the Beaufort Castle that al-Jazzar had destroyed along with other fortress strongholds of the Shia Muslim clans in Jabal Amil
Artistic representation of Napoleon's 1799 siege of Acre
Al-Jazzar in Acre, at court. Print from about year 1800
El-Jazzar Mosque, built by al-Jazzar in 1778
The former moat of Acre and fortifications built by al-Jazzar
Khan al-Umdan, 2008

The Sublime Porte was reticent to give al-Jazzar the added power of the governorship of Damascus, and instead the appointment went to a man who died 29 days into office and who was then replaced by Darwish Pasha al-Kurji.

Uthman Pasha al-Kurji

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The Ottoman governor (wali) of Damascus Eyalet between 1760 and 1771.

The Ottoman governor (wali) of Damascus Eyalet between 1760 and 1771.

Uthman managed to have his son, Darwish Pasha, appointed as the governor of Sidon in November 1770 and sometime prior to that, had his other son, Muhammad Pasha, appointed as governor of Tripoli.