Das Kapital

CapitalCapital: Critique of Political EconomyKapitalCritique of Political EconomyCapital, Volume ILe CapitalCapital, Volume IVCapital: A Critique of Political EconomyDas Kapital ''on WikisourceDas Kapital, Kritik der politischen Ökonomie
Das Kapital, also called 'Capital.wikipedia
529 Related Articles

Friedrich Engels

EngelsFrederick EngelsFrederich Engels
While Marx did not live to publish the planned second and third parts, they were both completed from his notes and published after his death by his colleague Friedrich Engels. Capital, Volume I (1867) was published in Marx's lifetime, but he died in 1883 before completing the manuscripts for Capital, Volume II (1885) and Capital, Volume III (1894) which friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels edited and published as the work of Marx.
Later, Engels supported Marx financially, allowing him to do research and write Das Kapital.

Capitalism

capitalistcapitalistscapitalistic
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels referred to the "capitalistic system" and to the "capitalist mode of production" in Capital (1867).

Economics

economiceconomisteconomic theory
Kritik der politischen Oekonomie, ; 1867–1883), is a foundational theoretical text in materialist philosophy, economics and politics by Karl Marx.
The first volume of Marx's major work, Das Kapital, was published in German in 1867.

Tendency of the rate of profit to fall

falling rate of profitfalling rates of profitdecline of the average rate of profit
The work is best known today for Part 3 which in summary says that as the organic fixed capital requirements of production rise as a result of advancements in production generally, the rate of profit tends to fall.
In Capital, Karl Marx criticized Ricardo's idea.

Commodity fetishism

fetishism of commoditiesfetishizedcommercial fetishism
The theory of commodity fetishism is presented in the first chapter of Das Kapital (English: ''Capital.

Capital, Volume II

Capital'', Volume IIVolume IICapital Vol. 2
Capital, Volume I (1867) was published in Marx's lifetime, but he died in 1883 before completing the manuscripts for Capital, Volume II (1885) and Capital, Volume III (1894) which friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels edited and published as the work of Marx.
Capital, Volume II: The Process of Circulation of Capital is the second of three volumes of Capital: Critique of Political Economy.

Capital, Volume III

Capital'', volume 3Capital'', Volume IIIIII (1894)
Capital, Volume I (1867) was published in Marx's lifetime, but he died in 1883 before completing the manuscripts for Capital, Volume II (1885) and Capital, Volume III (1894) which friend and collaborator Friedrich Engels edited and published as the work of Marx.
Capital, Volume III, subtitled The Process of Capitalist Production as a Whole, is the third volume of Capital: Critique of Political Economy.

Use value

use-valueuse-valuesuse
The logical architecture of Das Kapital is derived in part from the Politics and the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, including the fundamental distinction between use value and exchange value, the syllogisms (C-M-C' and M-C-M') for simple commodity circulation and the circulation of value as capital.
The concept is also introduced at the beginning of Das Kapital, where Marx writes, but in the extract below he holds it up as a critique of Hegel's liberal "Philosophy of Right".

Labour power

labor powerlabor-powerlabour-power
Moreover, workers appear in Volume II essentially as buyers of consumer goods and therefore as sellers of the commodity labour power, rather than producers of value and surplus-value, although this latter quality established in Volume I remains the solid foundation on which the whole of the unfolding analysis is based.
Karl Marx introduces the concept in chapter 6 of the first volume of Capital, as follows:

Reproduction (economics)

Reproductioncapitalist growtheconomic reproduction
Karl Marx developed the original insights of Quesnay to model the circulation of capital, money, and commodities in the second volume of Das Kapital to show how the reproduction process that must occur in any type of society can take place in capitalist society by means of the circulation of capital.

Capitalist mode of production (Marxist theory)

capitalist mode of productioncapitalismcapitalist
Marx aimed to reveal the economic patterns underpinning the capitalist mode of production in contrast to classical political economists such as Adam Smith, Jean-Baptiste Say, David Ricardo and John Stuart Mill. The analyses were meant "to bring a science, by criticism, to the point where it can be dialectically represented" and so "reveal the law of motion of modern society" to describe how the capitalist mode of production was the precursor of the socialist mode of production.

Surplus value

surplus-valueexploitationsurplus
Moreover, workers appear in Volume II essentially as buyers of consumer goods and therefore as sellers of the commodity labour power, rather than producers of value and surplus-value, although this latter quality established in Volume I remains the solid foundation on which the whole of the unfolding analysis is based. After two decades of economic study and preparatory work (especially regarding the theory of surplus value), the first volume appeared in 1867 as The Production Process of Capital.
Both in Das Kapital and in preparatory manuscripts such as the Grundrisse and Results of the immediate process of production, Marx shows how commerce by stages transforms a non-capitalist production process into a capitalist production process, integrating it fully into markets, so that all inputs and outputs become marketed goods or services.

Historical materialism

materialist conception of historyhistorical materialistMarx's theory of history
Kritik der politischen Oekonomie, ; 1867–1883), is a foundational theoretical text in materialist philosophy, economics and politics by Karl Marx.
In the 1872 Preface to the French edition of Das Kapital Vol.

The Communist Manifesto

Communist ManifestoManifesto of the Communist PartyThe Manifesto of the Communist Party
Further, the mass-based social-democratic parties of the Second International did not require their rank and file to be well-versed in theory; Marxist works such as the Manifesto or Das Kapital were read primarily by party theoreticians.

Political economy

political economistpolitical economicspolitical economists
The analyses were meant "to bring a science, by criticism, to the point where it can be dialectically represented" and so "reveal the law of motion of modern society" to describe how the capitalist mode of production was the precursor of the socialist mode of production.

Dialectic

dialecticsdialecticalHegelian dialectic
The analyses were meant "to bring a science, by criticism, to the point where it can be dialectically represented" and so "reveal the law of motion of modern society" to describe how the capitalist mode of production was the precursor of the socialist mode of production.
In the mid-19th century, the concept of "dialectic" was appropriated by Karl Marx (see, for example, Das Kapital, published in 1867) and Friedrich Engels and retooled in a dynamic, nonidealistic manner.

Manga de Dokuha

Manga version
In 2012, Red Quill Books released Capital: In Manga!, a comic book version of Volume I which is an expanded English translation of the successful 2008 Japanese pocket version Das Kapital known as Manga de Dokuha.
East Press published best-selling versions of the communist novel Kanikōsen, Karl Marx's Das Kapital and Adolf Hitler's Mein Kampf.

Means of production

productive propertydifferent organizations of productionforces
Factors of production are defined by German economist Karl Marx in his book Das Kapital as labor, subjects of labor, and instruments of labor: the term is equivalent to means of production plus labor.

Rosa Luxemburg

LuxemburgismLuxemburgLuxemburgist
Part 3 is the point of departure for the topic of capital accumulation which was given its Marxist treatment later in detail by Rosa Luxemburg, among others.
According to Luxemburg, Marx had made an error in Das Kapital in that the proletariat could not afford to buy the commodities they produced and by his own criteria it was impossible for capitalists to make a profit in a closed-capitalist system since the demand for commodities would be too low and therefore much of the value of commodities could not be transformed into money.

Capital (economics)

capitalcapital flowsinvestment capital
The logical architecture of Das Kapital is derived in part from the Politics and the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, including the fundamental distinction between use value and exchange value, the syllogisms (C-M-C' and M-C-M') for simple commodity circulation and the circulation of value as capital.

Eleanor Marx

EleanorEleanor Marx AvelingJenny Julia Eleanor
The English translation of volume 1 by Samuel Moore and Eleanor Marx's partner Edward Aveling, overseen by Engels, was published in 1887 as Capital: A Critical Analysis of Capitalist Production by Swan Sonnenschein, Lowrey, & Co. This was reissued in the 1970s by Progress Publishers in Moscow, while a more recent English translation was made by Ben Fowkes and David Fernbach (the Penguin edition).
While Karl Marx was writing his major work Das Kapital in the family home, his youngest daughter Eleanor played in his study.

Mode of production

modes of productionproductionarticulation
This result which orthodox Marxists believe is a principal contradictory characteristic leading to an inevitable collapse of the capitalist order was held by Marx and Engels to—as a result of various contradictions in the capitalist mode of production—result in crises whose resolution necessitates the emergence of an entirely new mode of production as the culmination of the same historical dialectic that led to the emergence of capitalism from prior forms.
The primary form of exploitation is by way of (formally free) wage labour (see Das Kapital, with debt peonage, wage slavery, and other forms of exploitation) also possible.

Theories of Surplus Value

The philosopher Karl Kautsky (1854–1938) published a partial edition of Marx's surplus-value critique and later published a full, three-volume edition as Theorien über den Mehrwert (Theories of Surplus Value, 1905–1910).
Theories of Surplus Value forms the longest (about 110 printed sheets) and most fully elaborated part of this huge manuscript, and it is the first and only draft of the fourth, concluding volume of Capital.

Exchange value

exchange-valueexchange-valuesValue in exchange
The logical architecture of Das Kapital is derived in part from the Politics and the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, including the fundamental distinction between use value and exchange value, the syllogisms (C-M-C' and M-C-M') for simple commodity circulation and the circulation of value as capital.
Karl Marx makes this abundantly clear in his dialectical derivation of the forms of value in the first chapters of Das Kapital (see value-form).

Relations of production

social relationssocial relations of productionProduction relations
Relations of production (German: Produktionsverhältnisse) is a concept frequently used by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in their theory of historical materialism and in Das Kapital.