Data are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric.- Data
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Information is processed, organized and structured data.
Attribute is a quality of an object .
In data processing data are often represented by a combination of items (objects organized in rows), and multiple variables (organized in columns).
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data", but not the content of the data, such as the text of a message or the image itself.
A data set (or dataset) is a collection of data.
Unit of information that roughly corresponds to a grapheme, grapheme-like unit, or symbol, such as in an alphabet or syllabary in the written form of a natural language.
With the advent and widespread acceptance of Unicode and bit-agnostic coded character sets, a character is increasingly being seen as a unit of information, independent of any particular visual manifestation.
Raw data, also known as primary data, are data (e.g., numbers, instrument readings, figures, etc.) collected from a source.
Data reporting is the process of collecting and submitting data which gives rise to accurate analyses of the facts on the ground; inaccurate data reporting can lead to vastly uninformed decision-making based on erroneous evidence.
Digital electronic machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically.
The processing element carries out arithmetic and logical operations, and a sequencing and control unit can change the order of operations in response to stored information.
Statistics is the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data.
Data and information visualization (data viz or info viz) is an interdisciplinary field that deals with the graphic representation of data and information.