Data

statistical datascientific datadatumresearch datainformationarchivebnf.frdata samplesdata seriesdata values
Data (singular datum) are individual units of information.wikipedia
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Information

informativeinputinputs
Data (singular datum) are individual units of information. Data as a general concept refers to the fact that some existing information or knowledge is represented or coded in some form suitable for better usage or processing.
It is associated with data, as data represents values attributed to parameters, and information is data in context and with meaning attached.

Data analysis

data analyticsanalysisdata analyst
Data is measured, collected and reported, and analyzed, whereupon it can be visualized using graphs, images or other analysis tools.
Data analysis is a process of inspecting, cleansing, transforming and modeling data with the goal of discovering useful information, informing conclusion and supporting decision-making.

Data visualization

visualizationData Presentation Architecturedata visualisation
Data is measured, collected and reported, and analyzed, whereupon it can be visualized using graphs, images or other analysis tools.
Data visualization is the graphic representation of data.

Data reporting

reportingcollected and reportedcollecting, managing, and analyzing data
Data is measured, collected and reported, and analyzed, whereupon it can be visualized using graphs, images or other analysis tools.
Data reporting is the process of collecting and submitting data which gives rise to accurate analyses of the facts on the ground; inaccurate data reporting can lead to vastly uninformed decision-making based on erroneous evidence.

Raw data

Primary datarawRaw Data Now
Raw data ("unprocessed data") is a collection of numbers or characters before it has been "cleaned" and corrected by researchers.
Raw data, also known as primary data, is data (e.g., numbers, instrument readings, figures, etc.) collected from a source.

Experimental data

dataexperimentally
Experimental data is data that is generated within the context of a scientific investigation by observation and recording.
Experimental data in science and engineering is data produced by a measurement, test method, experimental design or quasi-experimental design.

Variable and attribute (research)

variablesvariablevariables data
In analytical processes, data are represented by variables.
In data processing data are often represented by a combination of items (objects organized in rows), and multiple variables (organized in columns).

Knowledge

knowhuman knowledgesituated knowledge
Although the terms "data", "information" and "knowledge" are often used interchangeably, each of these terms has a distinct meaning. Data as a general concept refers to the fact that some existing information or knowledge is represented or coded in some form suitable for better usage or processing.
The scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses.

Computer

computerscomputer systemdigital computer
A digital computer represents a piece of data as a sequence of symbols drawn from a fixed alphabet.
The processing element carries out arithmetic and logical operations, and a sequencing and control unit can change the order of operations in response to stored information.

Metadata

meta datameta-datacommunications metadata
It is also useful to distinguish metadata, that is, a description of other data.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".

Data curation

curatecurationcurated
Data curation is the organization and integration of data collected from various sources.

Character (computing)

charactercharacterstext
Raw data ("unprocessed data") is a collection of numbers or characters before it has been "cleaned" and corrected by researchers.
With the advent and widespread acceptance of Unicode and bit-agnostic coded character sets, a character is increasingly being seen as a unit of information, independent of any particular visual manifestation.

Dark data

Dark data is data which is acquired through various computer network operations but not used in any manner to derive insights or for decision making.

Data integrity

integrityintegrity constraintsDatabase integrity
Data integrity is the maintenance of, and the assurance of the accuracy and consistency of data over its entire life-cycle, and is a critical aspect to the design, implementation and usage of any system which stores, processes, or retrieves data.

Data management

managementData maintenancedata-management
Data Management comprises all disciplines related to managing data as a valuable resource.

Code

encodingencodedencode
Data as a general concept refers to the fact that some existing information or knowledge is represented or coded in some form suitable for better usage or processing.

Information privacy

data protectiondata privacyprivacy
Information privacy is the relationship between the collection and dissemination of data, technology, the public expectation of privacy, legal and political issues surrounding them.

Data publishing

Data paperdata journalData publication
Data publishing (also data publication) is the act of releasing research data in published form for (re)use by others.

Unit of observation

data pointdata pointsobservation
In statistics, a unit of observation is the unit described by the data that one analyzes.

Data set

datasetdatasetsdata sets
A data set (or dataset) is a collection of data.

Data structure

data structuresstructurestructures
More precisely, a data structure is a collection of data values, the relationships among them, and the functions or operations that can be applied to the data.

Data mining

data-miningdataminingknowledge discovery in databases
The manual extraction of patterns from data has occurred for centuries.

Data modeling

data modellingmodelingmodeled
Data models provide a framework for data to be used within information systems by providing specific definition and format.

Information engineering (field)

information engineeringInformationIE/Information engineering
Information engineering is the engineering discipline that deals with the generation, distribution, analysis, and use of information, data, and knowledge in systems.

Data preservation

archival storage
Data preservation is the act of conserving and maintaining both the safety and integrity of data.