Data security

securitydata-level securitysecuresecure informationsecurity reasonsT'''ampering
Data security means protecting digital data, such as those in a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users, such as a cyberattack or a data breach.wikipedia
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Backup

data backupback upbacked up
Backups are used to ensure data which is lost can be recovered from another source.
There are also different ways these devices can be arranged to provide geographic dispersion, data security, and portability.

Database

database management systemdatabasesDBMS
Data security means protecting digital data, such as those in a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users, such as a cyberattack or a data breach.
Data security in general deals with protecting specific chunks of data, both physically (i.e., from corruption, or destruction, or removal; e.g., see physical security), or the interpretation of them, or parts of them to meaningful information (e.g., by looking at the strings of bits that they comprise, concluding specific valid credit-card numbers; e.g., see data encryption).

Information privacy

data protectiondata privacyprivacy
It is intended that GDPR will force organizations to understand their data privacy risks and take the appropriate measures to reduce the risk of unauthorized disclosure of consumers’ private information.
The fields of computer security, data security, and information security design and use software, hardware, and human resources to address this issue.

General Data Protection Regulation

GDPRGeneral Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)General Data Protection Regulation 2016
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) proposed by the European Commission will strengthen and unify data protection for individuals within the European Union (EU), whilst addressing the export of personal data outside the EU.
The DPO is similar to a compliance officer and is also expected to be proficient at managing IT processes, data security (including dealing with cyberattacks) and other critical business continuity issues associated with the holding and processing of personal and sensitive data.

Information security

securityINFOSECinformation
The international standards ISO/IEC 27001:2013 and ISO/IEC 27002:2013 covers data security under the topic of information security, and one of its cardinal principles is that all stored information, i.e. data, should be owned so that it is clear whose responsibility it is to protect and control access to that data.

IT network assurance

A complement to IT application-level security and data-level security solutions, and a sub-set of Network management, Network assurance measures the impact of network change on security, availability, and compliance.

Smart card

smartcardIC Cardsmart cards
Smart health cards can improve the security and privacy of patient information, provide a secure carrier for portable medical records, reduce health care fraud, support new processes for portable medical records, provide secure access to emergency medical information, enable compliance with government initiatives (e.g., organ donation) and mandates, and provide the platform to implement other applications as needed by the health care organization.

Digital data

digitaldigital informationdigitally
Data security means protecting digital data, such as those in a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users, such as a cyberattack or a data breach.

Cyberattack

cyber attackcyber-attackcyberattacks
Data security means protecting digital data, such as those in a database, from destructive forces and from the unwanted actions of unauthorized users, such as a cyberattack or a data breach.

Hard disk drive

hard drivehard diskhard drives
Disk encryption refers to encryption technology that encrypts data on a hard disk drive.

Disk encryption software

Disk encryptiondisk encryption appdisk encryption program
Disk encryption typically takes form in either software (see disk encryption software) or hardware (see disk encryption hardware).

Disk encryption hardware

hardwaredisk hardware encryption
Disk encryption typically takes form in either software (see disk encryption software) or hardware (see disk encryption hardware).

Disk encryption

full disk encryptionon-the-fly encryptionon-the-fly
Disk encryption refers to encryption technology that encrypts data on a hard disk drive.

Malware

malicious softwaremalicious codemalicious
However, a malicious program or a hacker could corrupt the data in order to make it unrecoverable, making the system unusable.

Hacker

hackinghackerscomputer hacker
However, a malicious program or a hacker could corrupt the data in order to make it unrecoverable, making the system unusable.

Data corruption

corruptedcorruptionsilent data corruption
However, a malicious program or a hacker could corrupt the data in order to make it unrecoverable, making the system unusable.

Computer security

cybersecuritycyber securitysecurity
Hardware based security or assisted computer security offers an alternative to software-only computer security.

Security token

security keytokenhardware token
Security tokens such as those using PKCS#11 may be more secure due to the physical access required in order to be compromised.

PKCS

PKCS#7Public-Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS)Public-Key Cryptography Standards
Security tokens such as those using PKCS#11 may be more secure due to the physical access required in order to be compromised.

Personal identification number

PINPINsPIN code
Access is enabled only when the token is connected and correct PIN is entered (see two-factor authentication).

Multi-factor authentication

two-factor authenticationTwo factor authentication2FA
Access is enabled only when the token is connected and correct PIN is entered (see two-factor authentication).

Biometrics

biometricbiometric authenticationbiometric data
The device uses biometric technology to prevent malicious users from logging in, logging out, and changing privilege levels.

Peripheral

peripheralsperipheral devicecomputer peripheral
The current state of a user of the device is read by controllers in peripheral devices such as hard disks.

Computer virus

virusvirusescomputer viruses
Hardware-based access control is more secure than protection provided by the operating systems as operating systems are vulnerable to malicious attacks by viruses and hackers.