David Margesson, 1st Viscount Margesson

David MargessonLord Margesson1st Viscount MargessonCaptain MargessonHenry David Reginald MargessonMargessonRt Hon. David Margesson
Henry David Reginald Margesson, 1st Viscount Margesson, PC (26 July 1890 – 24 December 1965) was a British Conservative politician, most popularly remembered for his tenure as Government Chief Whip in the 1930s.wikipedia
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Norway Debate

8a famous debateBritish discontent over the Norwegian campaign
An example of his methods was his letter to the House of Commons' youngest member, the future minister John Profumo, after the Norway Debate, in which Profumo had opposed other Conservatives.
It was at this point that a government supporter (possibly David Margesson, the Government Chief Whip) noted privately:

11th Hussars

11th Hussars (Prince Albert's Own)11th (Prince Albert's Own) Hussars11th Light Dragoons
Margesson volunteered at the outbreak of World War I in 1914 and served as an adjutant in the 11th Hussars.

John Profumo

ProfumoProfumo affaira senior minister
An example of his methods was his letter to the House of Commons' youngest member, the future minister John Profumo, after the Norway Debate, in which Profumo had opposed other Conservatives.
This defiance on Profumo's part enraged the Government Whip, David Margesson, who said to him, "I can tell you this, you utterly contemptible little shit. On every morning that you wake up for the rest of your life you will be ashamed of what you did last night."

Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury

Chief WhipGovernment Chief WhipParliamentary Secretaries to the Treasury
Following the November 1931 general election, he was promoted to the senior position of Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury (Government Chief Whip).

Rugby (UK Parliament constituency)

RugbyRugby CCRugby constituency
In the 1923 general election, he lost his seat, but at the 1924 general election, he returned to Parliament for Rugby, the seat for which he would sit for the next eighteen years.

Edward Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

Lord HalifaxLord IrwinE. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
The appointment of the Conservative Lord Irwin upset the Liberals, who had no promise that the next Cabinet vacancy would be filled by a Liberal.
Churchill's own account of these events, published eight years later in The Gathering Storm, the first volume of his The Second World War, does not tally exactly with contemporary accounts such as Halifax's own diary and Alexander Cadogan's record of his conversations with Halifax, or accounts given by Chamberlain or by the Chief Whip David Margesson (whose presence at the meeting Churchill does not mention).

Carlton Club

Carltonthe CarltonJunior Carlton
Margesson, who was living at the Carlton Club since his recent divorce, was present when it was bombed by the Luftwaffe on 14 October 1940.
The Chief Whip David Margesson, who was living at the Club since his recent divorce, was left homeless and had to sleep for a time on a makeshift bed in the underground Cabinet Annexe.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
Opponents to Indian Home Rule found several spokespersons, most notably Winston Churchill, and they harried the government at every stage, with nearly one hundred Conservative MPs voting against the third reading of the Bill, the highest number of Conservatives to vote against a three-line whip in the twentieth century.
A meeting between Chamberlain, Halifax, Churchill, and David Margesson, the government Chief Whip, led to the recommendation of Churchill, and, as constitutional monarch, George VI asked Churchill to be prime minister.

Guilty Men

Margesson was referred to in the book "Guilty Men" by Michael Foot, Frank Owen and Peter Howard (writing under the pseudonym 'Cato'), published in 1940 as an attack on public figures for their failure to re-arm and their appeasement of Nazi Germany.

Martin Charteris, Baron Charteris of Amisfield

Martin CharterisMartin Michael Charles CharterisLord Charteris of Amisfield
Mary, married Lord Charteris of Amisfield.
Mary Margesson (a daughter of the 1st Viscount Margesson) on 16 December 1944 in Jerusalem and they had three children.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainNevilleArthur Neville Chamberlain
He was instrumental in warding these off for Baldwin and then Neville Chamberlain.
Chamberlain worked to bring his Conservative Party in line behind Churchill, working with the Chief Whip, David Margesson, to overcome members' suspicions and dislikes of the Prime Minister.

James Grigg

Sir P. J. GriggP. J. GriggPercy James Grigg
Margesson was dropped and replaced by his own Permanent Under-Secretary P. J. Grigg, an unprecedented move.
Grigg became Permanent Under-Secretary of State for War in 1939; he oversaw a turbulent department, which in 1940 witnessed no fewer than four different Secretaries of State (Leslie Hore-Belisha, Oliver Stanley, Anthony Eden and David Margesson).

Anthony Eden

Sir Anthony EdenEdenAnthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon
He became a Conservative dissenter, leading a group that Conservative whip David Margesson called the "Glamour Boys".

Secretary of State for War

War SecretarySecretaries of State for WarWar Minister
When, at the end of 1940, the position of Secretary of State for War fell vacant, Margesson was promoted to it.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Henry David Reginald Margesson, 1st Viscount Margesson, PC (26 July 1890 – 24 December 1965) was a British Conservative politician, most popularly remembered for his tenure as Government Chief Whip in the 1930s.

Chief Whip

Government Chief WhipOpposition Chief WhipChief Government Whip
Henry David Reginald Margesson, 1st Viscount Margesson, PC (26 July 1890 – 24 December 1965) was a British Conservative politician, most popularly remembered for his tenure as Government Chief Whip in the 1930s.

Whip (politics)

whipMajority WhipGovernment Whip
His reputation was of a stern disciplinarian who was one of the harshest and most effective whips.

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
He protected the appeasement-supporting government as long as he could.

Rebellion

insurrectionrebeluprising
However, some argue that there were weaknesses of his system because of the number of high-profile rebellions during his tenure.

Sidney Hobart-Hampden-Mercer-Henderson, 7th Earl of Buckinghamshire

7th Earl of BuckinghamshireSidney Carr Hobart-Hampden-Mercer-Henderson, 7th Earl of BuckinghamshireSidney Carr Hobart-Hampden-Mercer-Henderson, Earl of Buckinghamshire
Margesson was the third child and elder son of Sir Mortimer Margesson and Lady Isabel, daughter of Frederick Hobart-Hampden, Lord Hobart, and sister of the 7th Earl of Buckinghamshire.

Worcestershire

County of WorcesterWorcesterWorcestershire, England
He grew up in Worcestershire and was educated at Harrow School and Magdalene College, Cambridge.

Harrow School

HarrowOld HarrovianOld Harrovians
He grew up in Worcestershire and was educated at Harrow School and Magdalene College, Cambridge.

Magdalene College, Cambridge

Magdalene CollegeMagdaleneMagdelene College
He grew up in Worcestershire and was educated at Harrow School and Magdalene College, Cambridge.