De facto standard

de facto'' standardde factode facto'' standardsindustry standardde facto'' industry standarda de facto international standardde facto "standardde facto industry standardde facto'' industry-standardde facto'' international standard
A de facto standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).wikipedia
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De facto

de facto relationshipde-factode facto'' segregation
De facto is a Latin phrase that means in fact (literally by or from fact) in the sense of "in practice but not necessarily ordained by law" or "in practice or actuality, but not officially established", as opposed to de jure.
A [[de facto standard|]] is a standard (formal or informal) that has achieved a dominant position by tradition, enforcement, or market dominance.

Coordination game

coordination problemcoordinatecoordination
In social sciences, a voluntary standard that is also a de facto standard is a typical solution to a coordination problem.
In social sciences, a voluntary standard (when characterized also as de facto standard) is a typical solution to a coordination problem.

TeX

TeX Users GroupTUGPlain TeX
In several technical fields such as computer science, mathematics, engineering and physics, TeX has become a de facto standard.

Convention (norm)

conventionconventionalconventions
A de facto standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).

IEEE-488

GPIBHP-IBIEEE 488
It became known as the General Purpose Interface Bus (GPIB), and became a de facto standard for automated and industrial instrument control.

HDMI

High-Definition Multimedia InterfaceHDMI 1.4HDMI 2.0
HDMI has become the de facto standard for HDTVs, and according to In-Stat, around 90% of digital televisions in 2007 included HDMI.

Influence of the IBM PC on the personal computer market

before the PC-compatible market startedclosely emulated IBM hardwareclosely emulated IBM's hardware
Despite the inherent dangers of an industry based on a de facto "standard", a thriving PC clone industry emerged.

ATX

EATXATX motherboardATX12V
ATX (Advanced Technology eXtended) is a motherboard and power supply configuration specification developed by Intel in 1995 to improve on previous de facto standards like the AT design.

Current loop

4-20 mA4-20mA4–20 mA
A major application of current loops is the industry de facto standard 4–20 mA current loop for process control applications, where they are extensively used to carry signals from process instrumentation to PID controllers, SCADA systems, and programmable logic controllers (PLCs).

Format war

achieved dominancebattle of formatsdispute
There is also a social force to stop a format war: when one of them wins as de facto standard, it solves a coordination problem for the format users.

Dominant design

Dominant design is a technology management concept introduced by Utterback and Abernathy in 1975, identifying key technological features that become a de facto standard.

Real versus nominal value

nominalnominallyNominal size
The use of nominal values can be based on de facto standards or some technical standards.

Microsoft Windows

WindowsPCMS Windows
* OASIS's OpenDocument format (a de facto standard for Linux users (Apache OpenOffice, LibreOffice, Calligra, KOffice et al. use it as default file format)) vs Microsoft's Office Open XML format (a de facto standard for MS-Windows and Mac users).

Videotape format war

format warformat warsBeta

High-definition optical disc format war

high definition optical disc format warformat waradvocates of the rival formats

First-mover advantage

first moverfirst mover advantageget big fast
A de facto standard is a custom or convention that has achieved a dominant position by public acceptance or market forces (for example, by early entrance to the market).

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
In social sciences, a voluntary standard that is also a de facto standard is a typical solution to a coordination problem.

Prisoner's dilemma

iterated prisoner's dilemmaprisoner’s dilemmaprisoners' dilemma
In contrast, an enforced "de jure standard" is a solution to the prisoner's problem.

QWERTY

QWERTY keyboardUS-InternationalUS-International keyboard layout