Dead Sea

The Dead SeaSalt SeaDead Sea Panorama ComplexDead Sea sinkholesDead Sea ValleyDead Sea, EarthDead Sea, IsraelDead-Seasalt
The Dead Sea ( lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت ) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west.wikipedia
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Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of JordanTransjordanKingdom of Jordan
The Dead Sea ( lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت ) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. One of these proposals is the Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, carried out by Jordan, which will provide water to neighbouring countries, while the brine will be carried to the Dead Sea to help stabilise its water level.
The Dead Sea is located along its western borders and the country has a 26 km coastline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west.

West Bank

the West BankCisjordanGeography of the West Bank
The Dead Sea ( lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت ) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west.
The West Bank also contains a significant section of the western Dead Sea shore.

Jordan River

River JordanJordanJordan River Valley
It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.
The Jordan River or River Jordan ( نَهْر الْأُرْدُنّ, Nahr al-Urdunn, נְהַר הַיַּרְדֵּן, Nahar ha-Yarden; ) is a 251 km river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: כנרת Kinneret, Arabic: Bohayrat Tabaraya, meaning Lake of Tiberias) and on to the Dead Sea.

Seawater

sea watersaltwatersalt water
With a salinity of 342 g/kg, or 34.2% (in 2011), it is one of the world's saltiest bodies of water – 9.6 times as salty as the ocean – and has a density of 1.24 kg/litre, which makes swimming similar to floating.
The salinity in isolated bodies of water can be considerably greater still - about ten times higher in the case of the Dead Sea.

Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance

Red Sea–Dead Sea CanalTwo Seas CanalRed Sea-Dead Sea Canal
One of these proposals is the Red Sea–Dead Sea Water Conveyance project, carried out by Jordan, which will provide water to neighbouring countries, while the brine will be carried to the Dead Sea to help stabilise its water level.
The Red Sea–Dead Sea Conveyance, sometimes called the Two Seas Canal, is a planned pipeline that runs from the coastal city of Aqaba by the Red Sea to the Lisan area in the Dead Sea.

Wadi Mujib

ArnonMujib Nature ReserveRiver Arnon
The Wadi Mujib valley, 420 m below the sea level in the southern part of the Jordan valley, is a biosphere reserve, with an area of 212 km2.
Wadi Mujib, which is also "almost certainly" known as the biblical Arnon Stream, is a river canyon in Jordan which enters the Dead Sea c 420 m below sea level.

Salinity

salinesalinitiespsu
With a salinity of 342 g/kg, or 34.2% (in 2011), it is one of the world's saltiest bodies of water – 9.6 times as salty as the ocean – and has a density of 1.24 kg/litre, which makes swimming similar to floating.
The Dead Sea has a salinity of more than 200 g/kg.

List of bodies of water by salinity

saltiest water body on Earthsecond saltiest body of water on earththe world's oceans
With a salinity of 342 g/kg, or 34.2% (in 2011), it is one of the world's saltiest bodies of water – 9.6 times as salty as the ocean – and has a density of 1.24 kg/litre, which makes swimming similar to floating.

Ein Gedi

En-GediEn GediEngaddi
Other more substantial sources are Wadi Darajeh (Arabic)/Nahal Dragot (Hebrew), and Nahal Arugot.
Ein Gedi, literally "spring of the kid (young goat)" is an oasis and a nature reserve in Israel, located west of the Dead Sea, near Masada and the Qumran Caves.

Sea of Galilee

Lake TiberiasLake KinneretKinneret
The Sedom Lagoon extended at its maximum from the Sea of Galilee in the north to somewhere around 50 km south of the current southern end of the Dead Sea, and the subsequent lakes never surpassed this expanse.
It is the lowest freshwater lake on Earth and the second-lowest lake in the world (after the Dead Sea, a saltwater lake), at levels between 215 m and 209 m below sea level.

Salt lake

saline lakesalinesalt lakes
The Dead Sea ( lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت ) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west.
Examples of such brine lakes are the Dead Sea and the Great Salt Lake.

Arabah

AravaArava ValleyWadi Araba
During the late Pliocene-early Pleistocene, around 3.7 million years ago, what is now the valley of the Jordan River, Dead Sea, and the northern Wadi Arabah was repeatedly inundated by waters from the Mediterranean Sea.
The Arabah (وادي عربة, Wādī ʻAraba), or Arava / Aravah (, HaAravah, lit. "desolate and dry area" ), as it is known by its respective Arabic and Hebrew names, is a geographic area south of the Dead Sea basin, which forms part of the border between Israel to the west and Jordan to the east.

Jordan Rift Valley

Jordan ValleyRift ValleyGhawr
It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River. The Dead Sea is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic feature formed by the Dead Sea Transform (DST).
This geographic region includes the entire length of the Jordan River – from its sources, through the Hula Valley, the Korazim block, the Sea of Galilee, the (Lower) Jordan Valley, all the way to the Dead Sea, the lowest land elevation on Earth – and then continues through the Arabah depression, the Gulf of Aqaba whose shorelines it incorporates, until finally reaching the Red Sea proper at the Straits of Tiran.

Dead Sea Transform

Dead Sea RiftDead Sea Transform (DST) fault systemDead Sea
The Dead Sea is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic feature formed by the Dead Sea Transform (DST).
A component of extension is also present in the southern part of the transform, which has contributed to a series of depressions, or pull-apart basins, forming the Gulf of Aqaba, Dead Sea, Sea of Galilee, and Hula basins.

Endorheic basin

endorheicendorheic lakeclosed basin
The Dead Sea is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic feature formed by the Dead Sea Transform (DST).

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
The Dead Sea ( lit. Sea of Salt; البحر الميت ) is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west.
The Jordan River runs along the Jordan Rift Valley, from Mount Hermon through the Hulah Valley and the Sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the surface of the Earth.

Mount Sodom

Mount SedomSodoma limestone and salt hill
Along the southwestern side of the lake is a 210 m tall Halite (mineral) formation called "Mount Sodom". The sediment was heavier than the salt deposits and squeezed the salt deposits upwards into what are now the Lisan Peninsula and Mount Sodom (on the southwest side of the lake).
Mount Sodom (, Har Sedom) is a hill along the southwestern part of the Dead Sea in Israel, part of the Judaean Desert Nature Reserve.

Lisan Peninsula

Lisan
The sediment was heavier than the salt deposits and squeezed the salt deposits upwards into what are now the Lisan Peninsula and Mount Sodom (on the southwest side of the lake).
The Lisan Peninsula is a large spit of land that now separates the North and the South basins of the Dead Sea.

Jezreel Valley

JezreelEsdraelonPlain of Esdraelon
The waters formed in a narrow, crooked bay that is called by geologists the Sedom Lagoon, which was connected to the sea through what is now the Jezreel Valley.
The valley once acted as the channel by which the Mediterranean Sea, at the north-western end of the valley, connected to the Sea of Galilee, the Jordan Valley and ultimately to the Dead Sea.

Rain shadow

rainshadowrainshadow effectlow snowfall
The Dead Sea zone's aridity is due to the rainshadow effect of the Judaean Mountains.

Sea

maritimemarineat sea
In comparison, the salt in the water of most oceans and seas is approximately 85% sodium chloride.
The word sea is also used to denote smaller, partly landlocked sections of the ocean and certain large, entirely landlocked, saltwater lakes, such as the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea.

Magnesium chloride

MgCl 2 magnesiumMgCl 2 ·6H 2 O
These results show that the composition of the salt, as anhydrous chlorides on a weight percentage basis, was calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ) 14.4%, potassium chloride (KCl) 4.4%, magnesium chloride (MgCl 2 ) 50.8% and sodium chloride (NaCl) 30.4%.
It is extracted in a similar process from the Dead Sea in the Jordan Valley.

Great Salt Lake

Salt LakeGreat Salt Lake regionGreat Salt Lake, North Arm
In this respect the Dead Sea is similar to the Great Salt Lake in Utah in the United States.
Although it has been called "America's Dead Sea", the lake provides habitat for millions of native birds, brine shrimp, shorebirds, and waterfowl, including the largest staging population of Wilson's phalarope in the world.

Wadi al-Hasa

Wadi ZeredZeredWadi al-Hassa
Wadi Hasa (biblical Zered) is another wadi flowing into the Dead Sea.
The wadi is very big and long and ends in the Dead Sea at the town of Al-Safi.

Great Rift Valley

Rift ValleyGreat RiftEast Africa's Great Rift Valley
The older hypothesis is that the Dead Sea lies in a true rift zone, an extension of the Red Sea Rift, or even of the Great Rift Valley of eastern Africa.
The Rift then continues south through the Jordan Rift Valley into the Dead Sea on the Israeli-Jordanian border.