A report on Deccan Plateau

Deccan plateau, Hyderabad, India
The Deccan Plateau is a major part of South India (see inset for north and south Deccan Plateau)
Hogenakal Falls, Tamil Nadu
Tiruvannamalai hill, often regarded as the southern tip of the Deccan plateau, the city of Tiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu itself considered the gateway to the plateau
Near Hampi, Karnataka
Rock formations at Hyderabad, Telangana Hills of granite boulders are a common feature of the landscape on the Deccan plateau.
Deccan Traps in Maharashtra

Located between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, and is loosely defined as the peninsular region between these ranges that is south of the Narmada river.

- Deccan Plateau
Deccan plateau, Hyderabad, India

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Maharashtra (, abbr.

Maharashtra (, abbr.

Late Harappa figure from Daimabad hoard, Indus Valley Civilization
2nd century BCE Karla Caves are a group of Buddhist caves near Lonavala
Bibi Ka Maqbara, a replica of the Taj Mahal, was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb
Statue of Shivaji opposite Gateway of India in South Mumbai
The Bombay-Poona Mail Train of the GIPR company in 1907
Dried up the Godavari at Puntamba, Ahmadnagar district after a poor Monsoon
A Bengal tiger in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Divisions of Maharashtra, along with their respective districts (With Palghar district formed in 2014 from the northern part of Thane district)
Siddhivinayak Temple, Mumbai. Hinduism is the dominant religion in Maharashtra
Mantralaya or administrative headquarters of Maharashtra state government in South Mumbai
The Bombay High Court, one of the oldest high courts in India
Mumbai is a major contributor to the economy of Maharashtra
Freshly grown sugarcane, agriculture is the second leading occupation in Maharashtra
Mumbai–Nashik Expressway
Students at a state-run primary school in Raigad district.
Founded in 1887, Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (VJTI) is one of the oldest engineering colleges in Asia
Situated in Pune, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune was established in 1948 after the Indian independence.
Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (Agricultural University) at Akola
A Primary Healthcare center in the village of Amboli in Pune district
Chandrapur Super Thermal Power Station, the state's power production source
Maharashtrian Veg Thali
Misal Paav, a popular dish from Maharashtra
A Girl and a Woman dressed in traditional Maharashtrian Nauvari lugada (nine-yard sari)
Lavani performance
Playwright Vijay Tendulkar
P L Deshpande (in center), one of the most popular authors in Marathi language
Times of India building in Mumbai
Children playing cricket in a farm outside the village of Chinawal in Jalgaon.
Night-time skyline of Downtown Mumbai at Nariman Point
Ganeshotsav festival in Pune
Khandoba mandir of Lord Khandoba in Jejuri
Venna Lake at Mahabaleshwar
Indian Tigers at Tadoba Tiger reserve
Pandharpur, a Hindu pilgrimage centre in the state

MH or Maha is a state in the western peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau.


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State in the southwestern region of India.

State in the southwestern region of India.

Mallikarjuna temple and Kashi Vishwanatha temple at Pattadakal, built successively by the kings of the Chalukya Empire and Rashtrakuta Empire, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chief Minister Dr. Devaraj Urs announcing the new name of the Mysore state as 'Karnataka'
Jog Falls, formed by Sharavathi River, are the second-highest plunge waterfalls in India.
Political map of Indian state of Karnataka with the official names of its 31 districts.
emblem of Karnataka
Infosys, a Bengaluru-headquartered information-technology company,
A yakshagana artist
Vishnu image inside the Badami Cave Temple Complex number 3. The complex is an example of Indian rock-cut architecture.
Gomateswara (982–983) at Shravanabelagola is an important centre of Jain pilgrimage.
Halmidi inscription (450 CE) is the earliest attested inscription in the Kannada language.
Indian Institute of Science is one of the premier institutes of India.
Literacy rates of Karnataka districts
Anil Kumble, former captain of the Indian Test team and spin legend, is the highest wicket-taker for India in international cricket.
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore.
The state bird, Indian roller
Bengal tigers at Bannerghatta National Park near Bangalore
Chennakesava Temple is a model example of the Hoysala architecture, later repaired in the 16th century with financial support and grants by the Vijayanagara Emperors.
Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur has the second largest pre-modern dome in the world after the Byzantine Hagia Sophia.
Mysore Palace in the evening, the official residence and seat of the Wodeyar dynasty, the rulers of Mysore of the Mysore Kingdom, the royal family of Mysore.

These dynasties were followed by imperial Kannada empires such as the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta Empire of Manyakheta and the Western Chalukya Empire, which ruled over large parts of the Deccan and had their capitals in what is now Karnataka.


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Ramagiri Fort ruins at Kalvacherla in Peddapalli district is an ancient fort initially built by the Sathavahanas and modified many times by other dynasties till the 16th century.
Kota Gullu, temple ruins built in the 12th century by Kakatiyas at Ghanpur, Mulug in Warangal district.
Golconda Fort
Telangana and its neighbours
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) near Hyderabad
Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple in Yadadri
Telangana at the time of formation on 2 June 2014.
Telangana new districts created in 2016
Telangana Legislative Assembly building
Coal Handling Ropeway near Manuguru, Bhadradri Kothagudem district.
Paddy fields in Warangal district
The HITEC City is a major IT hub of Hyderabad
Kuntala Waterfall in Adilabad district
The Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) Bus
The Kacheguda AC Double Decker Express of South Central Railway zone.
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Sammakka Saralamma Jatara is a famous Hindu festival in Telangana
Kakatiya Kala Thoranam within the Warangal Fort
Sita Ramachandraswamy temple, Bhadrachalam
Main gate of NIT Warangal
Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium

Telangana is a state in India situated on the south-central stretch of the Indian peninsula on the high Deccan Plateau.

Extent of Vijayanagara Empire, 1446, 1520 CE

Vijayanagara Empire

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Extent of Vijayanagara Empire, 1446, 1520 CE
Panorama of the Battle of Talikota (1565). In the right panel, Husain Shah (riding a horse) orders the decapitation of Ramaraya (reigned 1542-65), the defeated ruler of Vijaianagara. Ta'rif-i Husain Shahi (Chronicle of Husain Shah).
Kannada inscription of King Krishnadeva Raya, dated 1509, at the Virupaksha temple in Hampi, describing his coronation and the construction of the large open mantapa
Medieval City of Vijayanagara, a reconstructed ancient market place and plantation at the royal center Hampi
Gajashaala or elephant's stable, built by the Vijayanagar rulers for their war elephants
Horizontal friezes in relief on the outer wall enclosure of Hazara Rama temple, depicting life in the empire
Nāga, snake worship in Hampi
Painted ceiling from the Virupaksha temple depicting Hindu mythology, 14th century
Virupaksha Temple, Hampi
Ugra Narasimha monolith at Hampi
Ornate pillars, Virupaksha temple Hampi
Wall panel relief in Hazare Rama Temple at Hampi
Poetic inscription in Kannada by Vijayanagara poet Manjaraja (c.1398)
Temple car at the Vittala temple in Hampi
Aerial view of the Meenakshi Temple, Madurai. The temple was rebuilt by the Nayaks rulers under the Vijayanagar Empire

The Vijayanagara Empire, also called the Karnata Kingdom, was based in the Deccan Plateau region of South India.

Extent of Western Chalukya Empire, 1121 CE.

Western Chalukya Empire

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Extent of Western Chalukya Empire, 1121 CE.
Old Kannada inscription dated 1028 AD from the rule of King Jayasimha II at the Praneshvara temple in Talagunda, Shivamogga district
Old Kannada inscription dated 1057 AD of King Someshvara I at Kalleshwara Temple, Hire Hadagali in Bellary district
Mahadeva Temple at Itagi in Koppal district, Karnataka
Western Chalukyas of Kalyana, coin of King Somesvara I Trailokyamalla (1043-1068). Temple façade / Ornate floral ornament.
Mallikarjuna group of temples at Badami in Bagalkot district, Karnataka
Ornate mantapa at Kalleshvara Temple (987 CE) in Bagali, Davanagere district
Basavanna Statue
A Hero stone with old Kannada inscription (1115 AD) during the rule of Vikarmaditya VI at the Kedareshvara temple in Balligavi
Kirtimukha relief at Kedareswara Temple in Balligavi, Shimoga district
Grill work at Tripurantkesvara temple in Balligavi, Shimoga district
A popular Vachana poem in the Kannada language by Akka Mahadevi
Typical Western Chalukya dravida Vimana at Siddesvara temple in Haveri, Karnataka
Ornate pillars at Saraswati temple in Gadag city, Karnataka
Brahma Jinalaya at Lakkundi dates to the mid-late 11th century
Old Kannada inscription ascribed to King Vikramaditya VI, dated 1112 CE at Mahadeva Temple in Itagi, Karnataka

The Western Chalukya Empire ruled most of the western Deccan, South India, between the 10th and 12th centuries.

Map of the Kakatiyas, circa 1150-1300 CE.

Kakatiya dynasty

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Map of the Kakatiyas, circa 1150-1300 CE.
Vishnu with his mount, Garuda, his consort, Lakshmi, and attendants, 12-13th century, Kakatiya period. Kalyani region, Andhra Pradesh, India
Kubera, Hoysala-Kakatiya period, 1100-1350 CE.
Statue of Rudrama Devi.
A replica of the Koh-i-Noor diamond. The diamond was originally owned by the Kakatiya dynasty.
13th century Ramappa Temple in Telangana.
Ruins of the Kakatiya Kala Thoranam (Warangal Gate).

The Kakatiya dynasty (IAST: Kākatīya) was an Indian dynasty that ruled most of eastern Deccan region comprising present day Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, and parts of eastern Karnataka and southern Odisha between 12th and 14th centuries.

Map of the Deccan sultanates.

Deccan sultanates

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Map of the Deccan sultanates.
Painting of the Nizam Shahs
Chand Bibi, an 18th-century painting
Panorama of the Battle of Talikota (1565). In the right panel, Husain Shah (riding a horse) orders the decapitation of Ramaraya (reigned 1542-65), the defeated ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire. Ta'rif-i Husain Shahi (Chronicle of Husain Shah).
Ibrahim Adil Shah II
A manuscript depicting the painting of Abul Hasan Qutb Shah the last ruler of the Golconda Sultanate.
Bidriware water-pipe base, c. 18th century, Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Gol Gumbaz, mausoleum of Mohammed Adil Shah
The Charminar built by Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah is a centerpiece of Hyderabad and one of the most important examples of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Abdullah Qutb Shah on a Terrace with Attendants, c. 18th century.

The Deccan sultanates were five late-medieval Indian kingdoms—on the Deccan Plateau between the Krishna River and the Vindhya Range—that were ruled by Muslim dynasties: namely Ahmadnagar, Berar, Bidar, Bijapur, and Golconda.

Maratha Empire

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Early modern Indian confederation that came to dominate much of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century.

Early modern Indian confederation that came to dominate much of the Indian subcontinent in the 18th century.

The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 (Yellow)
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Maratha darbar or court.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Arms of Maratha
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1805
Maratha Princely States in 1823

The Marathas were a Marathi-speaking warrior group from the western Deccan Plateau (present-day Maharashtra) who rose to prominence by establishing Hindavi Swarajya (meaning "self-rule of Hindus").

Early Satavahana coinage, Satakarni issue, Maharashtra – Vidarbha type, 1st century BCE.

Satavahana dynasty

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Early Satavahana coinage, Satakarni issue, Maharashtra – Vidarbha type, 1st century BCE.
Early sculpture from Pauni, ancient Vidarbha, where coins of Satakarni were also found. Pillar with Naga Mucalinda protecting the throne of the Buddha at Pauni (Bhandara District). 2nd-1st century BCE. National Museum of India.
Cave No.19
Naneghat inscription. Dated to 70-60 BCE, in the reign of Satakarni I.
A coin of Nahapana restruck by the Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni. Nahapana's profile and coin legend are still clearly visible.
The defeated "Saka-Yavana-Palhava" (Brahmi script: mentioned in the Nasik cave 3 inscription of Queen Gotami Balasiri (end of line 5 of the inscription).
Coin of Vashishtiputra Satakarni.
Coin of Yajna Sri Satakarni, British Museum.
Ashoka with his Queens, at Sannati (Kanaganahalli Stupa), 1st-3rd century CE. The inscription "Rāya Asoko" (, "King Ashoka") in Brahmi script is carved on the relief.
Indian ship on lead coin of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulamavi, testimony to the naval, seafaring and trading capabilities of the Satavahanas during the 1st–2nd century CE.
The Pompeii Lakshmi ivory statuette was found in the ruin of Pompeii (destroyed in an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 CE). It is thought to have come from Bhokardan in the Satavahana realm in the first half of the 1st century CE. It testifies to Indo-Roman trade relations in the beginning of our era.
Inscription of Gautamiputra Satakarni, Nasik Caves No.3, Inscription No.4. Circa 150 CE.
Satavahana architecture at Cave No.3 of the Pandavleni Caves in Nashik. This cave was probably started during the reign of Gautamiputra Satakarni, and was finished and dedicated to the Buddhist Samgha during the reign of his son Vasishthiputra Pulumavi, circa 150 CE.
Royal earrings, Andhra Pradesh, 1st century BCE.
Pillar capital.
Lion pillar capital.
The Miracle of Walking in the air at Savrasti.
Pipal tree.
Miracle of the Buddha walking on the River Nairanjana
Bimbisara with his royal cortege issuing from the city of Rajagriha to visit the Buddha.
Foreigners making a dedication to the Great Stupa at Sanchi.
Procession of king Suddhodana from Kapilavastu.
Satavahana 1st century BCE coin inscribed in Brahmi: "(Sataka)Nisa". British Museum
Coin of Gautamiputra Yajna Satakarni ({{reign|167|196 CE}}).
Amaravati Marbles, fragments of Buddhist stupa
Fragment of Amaravati stupa
Mara's assault on the Buddha, 2nd century, Amaravati
Scroll supported by Indian Yaksha, Amaravati, 2nd–3rd century CE.

The Satavahanas (Sādavāhana or Sātavāhana, IAST: ), also referred to as the Andhras in the Puranas, were an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan region.

Seuna (Yadava) dynasty

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Gondeshwar Temple was built by Gavali (Yadava) chief Rav Singuni of the Seunas.
Hero stone (Virgal) with Old Kannada inscription dated 1286 CE from the rule of Yadava King Ramachandra in Kedareshvara temple at Balligavi in Shimoga district, Karnataka state
The hill of Devagiri, the capital of Yadavas
Hero stone with old Kannada inscription dated 1235. from the rule of Yadava King Simhana II at Kubetur, Soraba Taluk, Shimoga district, Karnataka state
Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors.
The Aundha Nagnath Temple was built by the Yadavas in the 13th century CE.
Yadavas of Devagiri, coinage of king Mahadeva (1261-1270). Central lotus blossom, two sri, elephant, conch, and “Mahadeva” in Devanagari above sword right punchmarks
Coinage of Ramachandra (1270-1311). Central lotus blossom, two śri, conch, and “śri rama” in Devanagari above standard left, each in incuse
Old Kannada inscription (13th century) on pillar base ascribed to the Seuna Yadavas in the Siddhesvara Temple at Haveri.
The temple in 1897
In 2017, with the finial lost
Cross section and plan

The Seuna, Sevuna, Gavli Kings or Yadavas of Devagiri (IAST: Seuṇa, c. 1187–1317) was a Medieval Indian dynasty, which at its peak ruled a kingdom stretching from the Narmada river in the north to the Tungabhadra river in the south, in the western part of the Deccan region.