DeepMind

Google DeepMindDeepMind TechnologiesAlphaStarAlphaFoldbreakthrough in artificial intelligenceDeepMind Technologies LtdGoogle Deep Mind
DeepMind Technologies is a UK company founded in September 2010, and acquired by Google in 2014.wikipedia
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DeepMind Technologies is a UK company founded in September 2010, and acquired by Google in 2014.
On January 26, 2014, Google announced it had agreed to acquire DeepMind Technologies, a privately held artificial intelligence company from London.

AlphaGo

The company made headlines in 2016 after its AlphaGo program beat a human professional Go player Lee Sedol, the world champion, in a five-game match, which was the subject of a documentary film.
It was developed by DeepMind Technologies which was later acquired by Alphabet Inc.'s Google.

AlphaGo versus Lee Sedol

a five-game matchAlphaGo LeeAlphaGo v. Lee Sedol
The company made headlines in 2016 after its AlphaGo program beat a human professional Go player Lee Sedol, the world champion, in a five-game match, which was the subject of a documentary film.
AlphaGo versus Lee Sedol, also known as the Google DeepMind Challenge Match, was a five-game Go match between 18-time world champion Lee Sedol and AlphaGo, a computer Go program developed by Google DeepMind, played in Seoul, South Korea between the 9th and 15th of March 2016.

AlphaZero

Alpha Chess Zero
A more general program, AlphaZero, beat the most powerful programs playing go, chess and shogi (Japanese chess) after a few days of play against itself using reinforcement learning.
AlphaZero is a computer program developed by artificial intelligence research company DeepMind to master the games of chess, shogi and go.

Demis Hassabis

Dr. Demis Hassabis
The start-up was founded by Demis Hassabis, Shane Legg and Mustafa Suleyman in 2010.
He is the founder and CEO of DeepMind.

Google

Google Inc.Google, Inc.Google LLC
DeepMind Technologies is a UK company founded in September 2010, and acquired by Google in 2014.
On January 26, 2014, Google announced it had agreed to acquire DeepMind Technologies, a privately held artificial intelligence company from London.

Shane Legg

Dr Shane Legg
The start-up was founded by Demis Hassabis, Shane Legg and Mustafa Suleyman in 2010.
Shane Legg is a machine learning researcher and cofounder of DeepMind Technologies, acquired by Google in 2014.

Mustafa Suleyman

The start-up was founded by Demis Hassabis, Shane Legg and Mustafa Suleyman in 2010.
Mustafa Suleyman (born August 1984) is a British entrepreneur, activist and, most notably, the co-founder and Head of Applied AI at DeepMind, an artificial intelligence company acquired by Alphabet.

Alphabet Inc.

AlphabetAlphabet IncAlphabet, Inc.
In 2015, it became a wholly owned subsidiary of Alphabet Inc.
Its other subsidiaries include Calico, DeepMind, GV, CapitalG, X, Google Fiber, Jigsaw, Makani, Sidewalk Labs, Verily, Waymo, Wing and Loon.

Lee Sedol

Lee Se-dol
The company made headlines in 2016 after its AlphaGo program beat a human professional Go player Lee Sedol, the world champion, in a five-game match, which was the subject of a documentary film.
Starting March 9, 2016, Lee played a five-game match, broadcast live, against the computer program AlphaGo, developed by a London-based artificial intelligence firm Google DeepMind, for a $1 million match prize.

Horizons Ventures

Horizon Ventures
Major venture capital firms Horizons Ventures and Founders Fund invested in the company, as well as entrepreneurs Scott Banister and Elon Musk.
Investments include DeepMind, (later purchased by Google), Dollar Shave Club (purchased by Unilever), Siri (purchased by Apple), and Meta (insolvent).

Partnership on AI

Partnership on A
DeepMind, together with Amazon, Google, Facebook, IBM and Microsoft, is a founding member of Partnership on AI, an organization devoted to the society-AI interface.
Publicly announced September 28, 2016, its founding members are Amazon, Facebook, Google, DeepMind, Microsoft, and IBM, with interim co-chairs Eric Horvitz of Microsoft Research and Mustafa Suleyman of DeepMind.

Go (game)

Goweiqigame of Go
The company made headlines in 2016 after its AlphaGo program beat a human professional Go player Lee Sedol, the world champion, in a five-game match, which was the subject of a documentary film. A more general program, AlphaZero, beat the most powerful programs playing go, chess and shogi (Japanese chess) after a few days of play against itself using reinforcement learning. In October 2015, a computer Go program called AlphaGo, developed by DeepMind, beat the European Go champion Fan Hui, a 2 dan (out of 9 dan possible) professional, five to zero.
In October 2015, Google DeepMind's program AlphaGo beat Fan Hui, the European Go champion and a 2 dan (out of 9 dan possible) professional, five times out of five with no handicap on a full size 19×19 board.

AI control problem

AI-control problemkill switch
In 2017 DeepMind released GridWorld, an open-source testbed for evaluating whether an algorithm learns to disable its kill switch or otherwise exhibits certain undesirable behaviours.
DeepMind researcher Laurent Orseau gives, as a simple hypothetical example, a case of a reinforcement learning robot that sometimes gets legitimately commandeered by humans when it goes outside: how should the robot best be programmed so that it doesn't accidentally and quietly "learn" to avoid going outside, for fear of being commandeered and thus becoming unable to finish its daily tasks?

Jaan Tallinn

Bluemoon
Jaan Tallinn was an early investor and an adviser to the company.
He also made an early investment in DeepMind which was purchased by Google in 2014 for $600 million.

Shogi

shōgiJapanese chessShougi
A more general program, AlphaZero, beat the most powerful programs playing go, chess and shogi (Japanese chess) after a few days of play against itself using reinforcement learning.
In October 2017, DeepMind claimed that its program AlphaZero, after a full nine hours of training, defeated elmo in a 100-game match, winning 90, losing 8, and drawing two.

University College London

University College, LondonUCLUniversity College
Hassabis and Legg first met at University College London's Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit.

Reinforcement learning

reward functionInverse reinforcement learningreinforcement
A more general program, AlphaZero, beat the most powerful programs playing go, chess and shogi (Japanese chess) after a few days of play against itself using reinforcement learning. Technically it uses deep learning on a convolutional neural network, with a novel form of Q-learning, a form of model-free reinforcement learning.
The work on learning ATARI games by Google DeepMind increased attention to deep reinforcement learning or end-to-end reinforcement learning.

Elon Musk

ElonElon Reeve MuskMusk
Major venture capital firms Horizons Ventures and Founders Fund invested in the company, as well as entrepreneurs Scott Banister and Elon Musk.
Despite this, Musk has previously invested in DeepMind, an AI firm, and Vicarious, a company working to improve machine intelligence.

Computer Go

Gocomputer Go-playing systemcomputer to play Go
In October 2015, a computer Go program called AlphaGo, developed by DeepMind, beat the European Go champion Fan Hui, a 2 dan (out of 9 dan possible) professional, five to zero.
In October 2015, Google DeepMind program AlphaGo beat Fan Hui, the European Go champion, five times out of five in tournament conditions.

Fan Hui

Hui Fan
In October 2015, a computer Go program called AlphaGo, developed by DeepMind, beat the European Go champion Fan Hui, a 2 dan (out of 9 dan possible) professional, five to zero.
In October 2015, Fan was defeated by the Google DeepMind AI program AlphaGo 5–0, the first time an AI has beaten a human professional player at the game without a handicap.

Future of Go Summit

In the 2017 Future of Go Summit, AlphaGo won a three-game match with Ke Jie, who at the time continuously held the world No.
DeepMind claimed that this version was 3-stones stronger in games of self-play against itself than the version used in AlphaGo v. Lee Sedol.

Monte Carlo tree search

Monte-Carlo Tree SearchMCTSMonte Carlo tree-search algorithm
After training these networks employed a lookahead Monte Carlo tree search (MCTS), using the policy network to identify candidate high-probability moves, while the value network (in conjunction with Monte Carlo rollouts using a fast rollout policy) evaluated tree positions.
Google Deepmind developed the program AlphaGo, which in October 2015 became the first Computer Go program to beat a professional human Go player without handicaps on a full-sized 19x19 board.

Q-learning

Q learning
Technically it uses deep learning on a convolutional neural network, with a novel form of Q-learning, a form of model-free reinforcement learning.
In 2014 Google DeepMind patented an application of Q-learning to deep learning, titled "deep reinforcement learning" or "deep Q-learning" that can play Atari 2600 games at expert human levels.