Defense of infancy

age of criminal responsibilitydoli incapaxcriminal responsibilityinfancydefence of infancyage below which a child is deemed incapable of having committed a criminal offenceage of accountabilityage of criminal liabilityChild imprisonmentchildren
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.wikipedia
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Minor (law)

minorminorsjuvenile
The age of criminal responsibility and consent, the age at which school attendance is no longer compulsory, the age at which legally binding contracts can be entered into, and so on may be different from one another.

Public policy doctrine

public policyordre publicpublic policies
This is an aspect of the public policy of parens patriae.
The only exception to this rule excuses those of reduced capacity, whether as infants or through mental illness (for example, see the principle of doli incapax which raises an irrebuttable presumption in criminal law that an infant is incapable of committing a crime).

Age of criminal responsibility in Australia

age of criminal responsibilityminimum age of criminal responsibility
The age of criminal responsibility in Australia is the age below which a child is deemed incapable of having committed a criminal offence.

Excuse

exculpationExcuse (legal)justification
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Youth

young peopleyoung adultsyoung adult
Some of these limits are voting age, age of candidacy, age of consent, age of majority, age of criminal responsibility, drinking age, driving age, etc. After youth reach these limits they are free to vote, have sexual intercourse, buy or consume alcohol beverages or drive cars, etc.

Reasonable person

reasonablenessreasonablereasonable man
This is called the defense of infancy: in Latin, doli incapax.

Defense (legal)

defensedefencedefence counsel
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Defendant

defendantscriminal defendantco-defendant
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Infant

neonatalinfancynewborn
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Crime

criminalcriminalscriminal offence
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Legal liability

liabilityliablecivil liability
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Action (philosophy)

actionactionsactivity
The defense of infancy is a form of defense known as an excuse so that defendants falling within the definition of an "infant" are excluded from criminal liability for their actions, if at the relevant time, they had not reached an age of criminal responsibility.

Rebuttable presumption

presumedrebuttablerebuttable legal presumption
Children aged seven to under fourteen were presumed incapable of committing a crime but the presumption was rebuttable.

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental

Child

childrenschoolchildrenkids
Some countries refuse to set a fixed minimum age, but leave discretion to prosecutors to argue or the judges to rule on whether the child or adolescent ("juvenile") defendant understood that what was being done was wrong.

Criminal law

criminalcriminal casepenal law
In the criminal law, each state will consider the nature of its own society and the available evidence of the age at which antisocial behaviors begins to manifest itself.

Scotland

Scottish🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿Scots
In Scotland the age of criminal responsibility was raised from 8 to 12 in June 2019 to be in line with the age of criminal prosecution (2010).

England and Wales

England & WalesEnglishEngland
In England and Wales and Northern Ireland the age of responsibility is 10 years, and in the Netherlands and Canada the age of responsibility is 12 years.

Northern Ireland

Northern IrishIrishNIR
In England and Wales and Northern Ireland the age of responsibility is 10 years, and in the Netherlands and Canada the age of responsibility is 12 years.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
In England and Wales and Northern Ireland the age of responsibility is 10 years, and in the Netherlands and Canada the age of responsibility is 12 years.