A report on Defensive War

Representation of the Martyrs of Elicura in an engraving within Histórica relación del Reyno de Chile i de las Misiones i Ministterios que exercita la Compañía de Jesús (1646), written by the Jesuit Alonso de Ovalle.

Strategy and phase in the Arauco War between Spain and independent Mapuches.

- Defensive War
Representation of the Martyrs of Elicura in an engraving within Histórica relación del Reyno de Chile i de las Misiones i Ministterios que exercita la Compañía de Jesús (1646), written by the Jesuit Alonso de Ovalle.

4 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Map of the Araucanía from the 18th century, showing a large part of the territory in which the Arauco War was fought.

Arauco War

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Long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.

Long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.

Map of the Araucanía from the 18th century, showing a large part of the territory in which the Arauco War was fought.
Pedro de Valdivia
Doña Inés de Suárez in defending the city of Santiago
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Picture from Alonso de Ovalle's Historia de Chile
Picture "El joven Lautaro" of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of its people.
García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete

They temporarily succeeded in enforcing the Defensive War (1612–1626) policy, but their conversions attempts foundered on Mapuche leaders staunch defense of polygamy which was unacceptable in the Catholic faith.

Luis de Valdivia

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Spanish Jesuit missionary who defended the rights of the natives of Chile and pleaded for the reduction of the hostilities with the Mapuches in the Arauco War.

Spanish Jesuit missionary who defended the rights of the natives of Chile and pleaded for the reduction of the hostilities with the Mapuches in the Arauco War.

His campaigns, called the Defensive War, aroused the initial support of the Spanish monarchy, but over the years it was considered a failure and left Valdivia in disrepute.

Portrait by Andrés López Polanco, c. 1617

Philip III of Spain

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King of Spain.

King of Spain.

Portrait by Andrés López Polanco, c. 1617
Philip III of Spain, 1599–1601, The Phoebus Foundation
Philip III of Spain
Francisco Goméz de Sandoval y Rojas, Duke of Lerma, Spanish statesman
Ambrosio Spinola, one of Philip III's various imperial proconsuls, by Peter Paul Rubens
Rodrigo Calderón, executed by Philip III to satisfy the Duke of Lerma's enemies, painted by Peter Paul Rubens
Philip III of Spain
Expulsion of the Moriscos at the port of Dénia, by Vincente Mostre
Mateo Alemán, an early modern novelist who recorded the terrible 'plague that came down from Castile and the famine that rose from Andalusia' to cripple Philip III's domestic economy. Engraving by Pedro Perete
Philip III of Spain
The Somerset House Conference between English and Spanish diplomats that brought an end to the Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604)
Statue of Philip III in Madrid, by Giambologna, finished by Pietro Tacca (1616).
The Battle of White Mountain, 1620, a triumph for the later foreign policy of Philip III
Coat of arms of Philip III

To diminish hostilities Valdivia proposed a Defensive War in a letter to Philip.

Anganamón (cropped)

Anganamón

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Prominent war leader of the Mapuche during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries and a Toqui from .

Prominent war leader of the Mapuche during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries and a Toqui from .

Anganamón (cropped)

Within two years a new Spanish policy prevailed "Defensive War" inspired by the Jesuit Luis de Valdivia who believed it was a way to end the interminable war with the Mapuche.