Demchugdongrub

Teh WangDe WangPrince TehPrince Teh (Demchugdongrub)DenchungdongrbPrince DePrince De (Demchugdongrub)Prince Demchugdongrub
Demchugdongrub (, Demçigdonrob, Дэмчигдонров, 8 February 1902– 23 May 1966), also known as Prince De or Teh, was a Mongolian prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia.wikipedia
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Mengjiang

Mongol Military GovernmentMongol United Autonomous GovernmentInner Mongolia
He was most notable for being the chairman of the pro-Japanese Mongol Military Government (1938–39) and later of the puppet state of Mengjiang (1939–45), during the Second Sino-Japanese War.
The capital was Kalgan, from where it was ruled by the Mongol nobleman Prince Demchugdongrub.

Puppet state

puppet governmentpuppetpuppet regime
He was most notable for being the chairman of the pro-Japanese Mongol Military Government (1938–39) and later of the puppet state of Mengjiang (1939–45), during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Hohhot

HuhhotHohhot, ChinaHohot
During September 1933, the Mongolian princes of Chahar Province and Suiyuan traveled to the temple at Bailingmiao north of Guihua and gathered in a council chamber with Demchugdongrub, who for months had been trying to found a Pan-Mongolian self-rule movement.
During the progressive Japanese invasion of China in the 1930s, the Japanese created the puppet state of Mengjiang headed by Prince De, who renamed Guisui "Blue City" ("Hohhot" or Huheshi).

Mongol Local Autonomy Political Affairs Committee

Inner Mongolian Autonomous Political CouncilMongolian Local Autonomous Political Committee
In response, Nanjing sent Huang Shaohong as an envoy, who in the end authorized the creation of the Mongol Local Autonomy Political Affairs Committee.
Demchugdongrub served as secretary-general, while Yondonwangchug held the chairmanship.

Pan-Mongolism

Pan-MongolistGreater MongoliaMongolian reunification
In modern day, some see Demchugdongrub as a Mongol nationalist promoting Pan-Mongolism while others view him as a traitor and as the pawn of the Japanese during World War II.
Prince Demchugdongrub, operating from Eastern Mongolia, was a supporter of Pan-Mongolism and a Japanese collaborator.

Chahar Province

ChaharChakharQahar
A Chahar born into the Plain White Banner in Chahar Province of the Qing dynasty, Demchugdongrub was the sole son of Namjil Wangchuk, the Duoluo Duling Junwang (多罗杜棱郡王 Duōluō Dùléng Jùnwáng) of Sönid Right Banner and Chief of the Xilingol League.
From 1937 to 1945, it was occupied by Japan and made a part of Mengjiang, a Japanese-controlled region led by Mongol Prince Demchugdongrub of the Shilingol Alliance.

Inner Mongolian Army

Mengjiang National Army9th Mongolian cavalry divisiontroops
After the conclusion of the treaty, Demchugdongrub set out to enlarge and equip the Inner Mongolian Army for the expansion of his new state into Suiyuan.
The Inner Mongolian Army, also sometimes called the Mengjiang National Army, referred to the Inner Mongolian military units in service of Imperial Japan and its puppet state of Mengjiang during the Second Sino-Japanese War, particularly those led by Prince Demchugdongrub.

Second Sino-Japanese War

Sino-Japanese WarJapanese invasion of ChinaJapanese invasion
He was most notable for being the chairman of the pro-Japanese Mongol Military Government (1938–39) and later of the puppet state of Mengjiang (1939–45), during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

Li Shouxin

Li Shou-hsin
On 24 December 1935, General Minami sent two battalions of irregular Manchurian cavalry under Li Shouxin, a squadron of Japanese planes, and a few tanks to assist the Prince in taking over the northern part of Chahar province.
In late 1935 he commanded Manchukuo forces aiding Prine Demchugdongrub in seizing control of the six northern districts of Chahar.

Operation Chahar

Battle of the Great WallChaharinvasion
The forces under his command participated in Operation Chahar and the Battle of Taiyuan, when the Japanese and Mongol forces finally captured most of Suiyuan province.
This was the second attack by the Kwantung Army and the Inner Mongolian Army of Prince Teh Wang on Inner Mongolia after the failure of the Suiyuan Campaign (1936).

Yan Xishan

Yen Hsi-shanYen Hsi – shan
In March 1936, Manchukuo troops occupying Chahar Province invaded northeastern Suiyuan, which was controlled by the Shanxi warlord Yan Xishan.
Three months later the head of the Political Council, Prince De (Demchugdongrub), declared that he was the ruler of an independent Mongolia (Mengguguo), and organized an army with the aid of Japanese equipment and training.

Fu Zuoyi

Fu Tso-yi
In August 1936 Demchugdongrub's army attempted to invade eastern Suiyuan, but it was defeated by Yan Xishan's forces under the command of Fu Zuoyi.
Three months later, the head of the Political Council, Prince Teh (Demchugdongrub) declared that he was the ruler of an independent Mongolia (Mengguguo), and organized an army with the aid of Japanese equipment and training.

Wang Ying (ROC)

Wang YingWang Ying (hanjian)
A puppet Chinese army, the Grand Han Righteous Army under Wang Ying was attached to Demchugdongrub's Inner Mongolian Army.
By 1936 Wang was commander of this Grand Han Righteous Army attached to the Inner Mongolian Army of Teh Wang.

Wang Jingguo

Wang Jingguo,
Yan Xishan placed his best troops and most able generals, including Zhao Chengshou and Yan's son-in-law, Wang Jingguo, under the command of Fu Zuoyi.
Wang's orders were to defend against an attack by the Japanese puppet army of Mengguguo, led by Prince Teh (Demchugdongrub).

Grand Han Righteous Army

A puppet Chinese army, the Grand Han Righteous Army under Wang Ying was attached to Demchugdongrub's Inner Mongolian Army.
This force was attached another Japanese proxy army, the Inner Mongolian Army, under the overall command of Mongol Prince Teh Wang.

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia Autonomous RegionNei MongolInner
Demchugdongrub (, Demçigdonrob, Дэмчигдонров, 8 February 1902– 23 May 1966), also known as Prince De or Teh, was a Mongolian prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia.
On December 8, 1937, Mongolian Prince Demchugdongrub (also known as "De Wang") declared an independence of the remaining parts of Inner Mongolia (i.e. the Suiyuan and Chahar provinces) as Mengjiang, and signed an agreements with Manchukuo and Japan.

Suiyuan campaign

Suiyuan Campaign (1936)Invasion of Suiyuaninvasion
In 1929, they made contact with Prince Demchugdongrub (De Wang), an Inner Mongolian nobleman and nationalist leader who wanted more autonomy from the Kuomintang government in Nanjing.

Soviet invasion of Manchuria

Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operationinvasion of Manchuriainvaded Manchuria

Mongols

MongolMongolianMongolians
Demchugdongrub (, Demçigdonrob, Дэмчигдонров, 8 February 1902– 23 May 1966), also known as Prince De or Teh, was a Mongolian prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia.

Mongolian nobility

taishichingsangMongol nobility
Demchugdongrub (, Demçigdonrob, Дэмчигдонров, 8 February 1902– 23 May 1966), also known as Prince De or Teh, was a Mongolian prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia.

Borjigin

House of BorjiginKhorchin BorjigitBorjigit
Demchugdongrub (, Demçigdonrob, Дэмчигдонров, 8 February 1902– 23 May 1966), also known as Prince De or Teh, was a Mongolian prince descended from the Borjigin imperial clan who lived during the 20th century and became the leader of an independence movement in Inner Mongolia.

Empire of Japan

JapaneseJapanImperial Japan
He was most notable for being the chairman of the pro-Japanese Mongol Military Government (1938–39) and later of the puppet state of Mengjiang (1939–45), during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
In modern day, some see Demchugdongrub as a Mongol nationalist promoting Pan-Mongolism while others view him as a traitor and as the pawn of the Japanese during World War II.

Chahars

ChaharChahar MongolsChakhar
A Chahar born into the Plain White Banner in Chahar Province of the Qing dynasty, Demchugdongrub was the sole son of Namjil Wangchuk, the Duoluo Duling Junwang (多罗杜棱郡王 Duōluō Dùléng Jùnwáng) of Sönid Right Banner and Chief of the Xilingol League.

Eight Banners

BannermenBordered Yellow BannerBanner
A Chahar born into the Plain White Banner in Chahar Province of the Qing dynasty, Demchugdongrub was the sole son of Namjil Wangchuk, the Duoluo Duling Junwang (多罗杜棱郡王 Duōluō Dùléng Jùnwáng) of Sönid Right Banner and Chief of the Xilingol League.