Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of the United States (1829–1837) and the first Democratic president.
Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States (1861–1865) and the first Republican to hold the office
The 1992 electioral college vote
Martin Van Buren was the eighth president of the United States (1837–1841) and the second Democratic president.
Charles R. Jennison, an anti-slavery militia leader associated with the Jayhawkers from Kansas and an early Republican politician in the region
President Clinton's Cabinet, 1993. The President is seated front right, with Vice President Al Gore seated front left.
Senator Stephen A. Douglas
Ulysses S. Grant, 18th president of the United States (1869–1877)
Gross US Federal Debt as a Percentage of GDP, by political party of President
The 1885 inauguration of Grover Cleveland, the only president with non-consecutive terms
James G. Blaine, 28th & 31st Secretary of State (1881; 1889–1892)
Budget deficits and surpluses in billions of dollars, 1971–2001
Leaders of the Democratic Party during the first half of the 20th century on 14 June 1913: Secretary of State William J. Bryan, Josephus Daniels, President Woodrow Wilson, Breckinridge Long, William Phillips, and Franklin D. Roosevelt
William McKinley, 25th president of the United States (1897–1901)
Clinton shaking hands with Gerry Adams outside a business in East Belfast, November 30, 1995
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman, 32nd and 33rd presidents of the United States (1933–1945; 1945–1953), featured on a campaign poster for the 1944 presidential election
Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States (1901–1909)
Map of the six Yugoslav republics and autonomous provinces in 1991
John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, 35th and 36th presidents of the United States (1961–1963, 1963–1969)
Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States (1929–1933)
Clinton presided over the admission of Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic into NATO
Jimmy Carter, 39th president of the United States (1977–1981), delivering the State of the Union Address in 1979
Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States (1981–1989)
Jo Myong-rok (center right), Kim Jong-il's defence minister, with U.S. Secretary of Defense William Cohen, 2000
Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States (1993–2001), at The Pentagon in 1998
Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States (2017–2021)
Clinton defeated Republican Bob Dole in the 1996 presidential election.
Barack Obama speaking to College Democrats of America in 2007
Calvin Coolidge, 30th president of the United States (1923–1929)
Republican George W. Bush defeated Democrat Al Gore in the 2000 presidential election.
President Barack Obama meeting with the Blue Dog Coalition in the State Dining Room of the White House in 2009
Arnold Schwarzenegger, 38th governor of California (2003–2011)
Graph of Clinton's approval ratings in Gallup polls
Eleanor Roosevelt at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in Chicago
John McCain, United States senator from Arizona (1987–2018)
President Barack Obama signing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act into law at the White House on March 23, 2010
Donald Rumsfeld, 21st United States Secretary of Defense (2001–2006)
Secretary of State John Kerry addressing delegates at the United Nations before signing the Paris Agreement on April 22, 2016
Colin Powell, 65th United States Secretary of State (2001–2005)
Shirley Chisholm was the first major-party African American candidate to run nationwide primary campaigns.
Newt Gingrich, 50th Speaker of the House of Representatives (1995–1999)
President Lyndon B. Johnson signing the Immigration Act of 1965 as Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Senators Edward M. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy and others look on
Annual population growth in the U.S. by county - 2010s
Then-Senator Barack Obama shaking hands with an American soldier in Basra, Iraq in 2008
This map shows the vote in the 2020 presidential election by county.
President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin in 1978
Political Spectrum Libertarian Left    Centrist   Right  Authoritarian
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meeting with President Barack Obama at Ben Gurion Airport in 2013
U.S. opinion on gun control issues is deeply divided along political lines, as shown in this 2021 survey.
Self-identified Democrats (blue) versus self-identified Republicans (red) (January–June 2010 data)
Higher percentages of Democrats than Republicans are members of union households.
Elected at age 33, Jon Ossoff is currently the youngest member of the U.S. Senate.
Hillary Clinton was the first woman to be nominated for president by a major party.
Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg
Vice President Kamala Harris
Julián Castro served as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.
U.S. Senator Tammy Duckworth
Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland
Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi
U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer
U.S. opinion on gun control issues is deeply divided along political lines, as shown in this 2021 survey.

Its main political rival has been the Republican Party since the 1850s.

- Democratic Party (United States)

Since the mid-1850s, it has been the main political rival of the Democratic Party.

- Republican Party (United States)

Clinton, a Democrat from Arkansas, took office following a decisive victory over Republican incumbent president George H. W. Bush and independent businessman Ross Perot in the 1992 presidential election.

- Presidency of Bill Clinton

The economic policy adopted by the Democratic Party, including the former Clinton administration, has been referred to as "Third Way."

- Democratic Party (United States)

Following gun control measures under the Clinton administration, such as the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, the Republicans allied with the NRA during the Republican Revolution in 1994.

- Republican Party (United States)

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Official portrait, 1993

Bill Clinton

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American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001.

American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001.

Official portrait, 1993
Clinton in Hot Springs High School's 1963 yearbook
Photo of Clinton at age 17 shaking hands with President John F. Kennedy at the White House in 1963
Clinton ran for president of the Student Council while attending the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.
Results of the 1978 Arkansas gubernatorial election. Clinton won the counties in blue.
Newly elected Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton meets with President Jimmy Carter, 1978
Governor and Mrs. Clinton attend the Dinner Honoring the Nation's Governors in the White House with President Ronald Reagan and first lady Nancy Reagan, 1987.
The Clintons in a White House Christmas portrait
1992 electoral vote results. Clinton won 370–168.
1996 electoral vote results. Clinton won 379–159.
Clinton and Vice President Al Gore on the South Lawn, August 10, 1993
Yitzhak Rabin, Clinton and Yasser Arafat during the Oslo Accords on September 13, 1993
Clinton's coat of arms, granted by the Chief Herald of Ireland in 1995
Clinton's impeachment trial in 1999
Future president Donald Trump and Clinton shaking hands at Trump Tower, June 2000
Col. Paul Fletcher, USAF and Clinton speak before boarding Air Force One, November 4, 1999
Clinton shaking hands with Gerry Adams outside a business in East Belfast, November 30, 1995
Clinton plays the saxophone presented to him by Russian president Boris Yeltsin at a private dinner in Russia, January 13, 1994
Clinton during a briefing on Kosovo, March 31, 1999.
Clinton and Chinese president Jiang Zemin holding a joint press conference at the White House, October 29, 1997
Ruth Bader Ginsburg accepting her nomination to the Supreme Court from President Clinton, 1993
Clinton's approval ratings throughout his presidential career (Roper Center)
Clinton addressing the Parliament of Great Britain on November 29, 1995
Clinton and Monica Lewinsky on February 28, 1997
Clinton greets a Hurricane Katrina evacuee, September 5, 2005. In the background, second from the right, is then-Senator Barack Obama.
Former president George H. W. Bush and Clinton in the White House Library, January 2005
Clinton speaking at the 2008 Democratic National Convention
The state funeral of George H. W. Bush in December 2018
Clinton with then-President Barack Obama and Senior Advisor Valerie Jarrett in July 2010
Clinton, his wife Hillary, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New York City on September 29, 2014
Clinton campaigning at an election rally for his wife Hillary who was running for President of the United States, 2016
Clinton speaking at the 2016 Democratic National Convention
Secretary of Defense Cohen presents President Clinton the DoD Medal for Distinguished Public Service.
Bill Clinton statue in Ballybunion, erected to commemorate his 1998 golfing visit
Bill Clinton statue in Pristina, the capital of Kosovo
Former President Bill Clinton is awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by then president Barack Obama.
Clinton during the signing of the Israel–Jordan peace treaty, with Yitzhak Rabin (left) and King Hussein of Jordan (right)

A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton became known as a New Democrat, as many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.

Clinton was elected president in the 1992 presidential election, defeating incumbent Republican president George H. W. Bush and independent businessman Ross Perot.

During his presidency, Clinton advocated for a wide variety of legislation and programs, most of which were enacted into law or implemented by the executive branch.

1996 United States presidential election

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The 53rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1996.

The 53rd quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 5, 1996.

Ross Perot was on the ballot in every state.
Harry Browne was on the ballot in every state.
Ralph Nader was on the ballot in twenty-one states (225 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
John Hagelin was on the ballot in forty-three states (463 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Howard Phillips was on the ballot in thirty-eight states (414 Electoral Votes). Those states with a lighter shade are states in which he was an official write-in candidate.
Dole (left) and Clinton (right) at the first presidential debate on October 6, 1996, at The Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts in Hartford, Connecticut.
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{{center|President Bill Clinton from Arkansas}}
{{center|Activist Lyndon LaRouche from Virginia}}
{{center|Conservative columnist Pat Buchanan from Virginia}}
{{center|Newspaper and magazine publisher Steve Forbes from New York}}
{{center|Former Governor Lamar Alexander of Tennessee}}
{{center|Former U.S. ECOSOC Ambassador Alan Keyes, from Maryland}}
{{center|Senator Richard Lugar from Indiana}}
{{center|Senator Phil Gramm from Texas}}
{{center|Representative Bob Dornan from California}}
{{center|Senator Arlen Specter from Pennsylvania}}
{{center|Governor Pete Wilson of California}}
Party Founder Ross Perot, from Texas
Former Governor Richard Lamm of Colorado
Election results by county.{{legend|#1560BD|Bill Clinton|border=1px #AAAAAA solid}}{{legend|#E32636|Bob Dole|border=1px #AAAAAA solid}}
Results by congressional district.
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.

Incumbent Democratic President Bill Clinton defeated former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, the Republican nominee, and Ross Perot, the Reform Party nominee.

A budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton Administration eventually resulted in a government shutdown.

Official portrait, 2021

Joe Biden

1 links

American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States.

American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States.

Official portrait, 2021
Biden at Archmere Academy in the 1950s
Biden in the Syracuse 1968 yearbook
Results of the 1972 U.S. Senate election in Delaware
Biden and his second wife, Jill, met in 1975 and married in 1977
Biden with President Jimmy Carter, 1979
Biden shaking hands with President Ronald Reagan, 1984
Biden speaking at the signing of the 1994 Crime Bill with President Bill Clinton in 1994
Senator Biden accompanies President Clinton and other officials to Bosnia and Herzegovina, December 1997
Biden addresses the press after meeting with Prime Minister Ayad Allawi in Baghdad in 2004.
Biden at the White House in 1987
Biden campaigns at a house party in Creston, Iowa, July 2007
Biden speaks at the August 23, 2008, vice presidential announcement at the Old State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois
Biden being sworn in as vice president on January 20, 2009
President Obama congratulates Biden for his role in shaping the debt ceiling deal which led to the Budget Control Act of 2011.
Biden during a visit to Baghdad
Biden, Obama and the national security team gathered in the White House Situation Room to monitor the progress of the May 2011 mission to kill Osama bin Laden
Biden and Obama, July 2012
Official vice president portrait, 2013
Biden with Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Jerusalem, March 9, 2016
Biden with Vice President-elect Mike Pence on November 10, 2016
Biden with Barack Obama and Donald Trump, at the latter's inauguration on January 20, 2017
Biden at his presidential kickoff rally in Philadelphia, May 2019
Biden takes the oath of office administered by Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. at the Capitol, January 20, 2021
Biden with his Cabinet, July 2021
Biden meeting with Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg in the Oval Office, June 7, 2021
Biden in a video conference with Vice President Harris and the U.S. National Security team, discussing the Fall of Kabul on August 15, 2021
Percent change from a year earlier
Biden, UK prime minister Boris Johnson and UN secretary-general António Guterres at the opening ceremony of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on November 1, 2021
Biden with Ketanji Brown Jackson in the Oval Office
Biden with refugees from Ukraine in Warsaw, March 2022
President Barack Obama and Biden talk with Xi Jinping, February 14, 2012
President Obama presents Biden with the Presidential Medal of Freedom with Distinction, January 12, 2017
Biden at a rally on the eve of the Iowa caucuses, February 2020
Biden and Ketanji Brown Jackson watching the U.S. Senate vote on her confirmation, April 2022.

A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 47th vice president from 2009 to 2017 under Barack Obama and represented Delaware in the United States Senate from 1973 to 2009.

During his two terms as vice president under Barack Obama, Biden leaned on his Senate experience and frequently represented the administration in negotiations with congressional Republicans, including on the Budget Control Act of 2011, which resolved a debt ceiling crisis, and the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which addressed the impending "fiscal cliff".

The George H. W. Bush administration and Clinton administration were both reluctant to implement the policy, fearing Balkan entanglement.

2000 United States presidential election

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The 54th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000.

The 54th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 2000.

The incumbent in 2000, Bill Clinton. His second term expired at noon on January 20, 2001.
Palm Beach County recount
2000 Palm Beach County voting stand and ballot box
Florida Supreme Court during the recount
Gore-Lieberman supporters outside the U.S. Supreme Court
Writer Harry Browne
Art Olivier
Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote.
Vote share by county for Green Party candidate Ralph Nader. Darker shades indicate a stronger Green performance.
Election results by county.
Election results by congressional district.

Republican candidate George W. Bush, the governor of Texas and eldest son of the 41st president, George H. W. Bush, won the election, defeating incumbent Vice President Al Gore.

President Bill Clinton, a Democrat and former Governor of Arkansas, was ineligible to seek reelection to a third term due to the Twenty-second Amendment; in accordance with Section1 of the Twentieth Amendment, his term expired at noon Eastern Standard Time on January 20, 2001.

Bush criticized Clinton administration policies in Somalia, where 18 Americans died in 1993 trying to sort out warring factions, and in the Balkans, where United States peacekeeping troops perform a variety of functions.

Gen. Anthony C. Zinni briefs reporters at The Pentagon following Operation Desert Fox, 21 December 1998

2003 invasion of Iraq

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The first stage of the Iraq War.

The first stage of the Iraq War.

Gen. Anthony C. Zinni briefs reporters at The Pentagon following Operation Desert Fox, 21 December 1998
A UN weapons inspector in Iraq, 2002.
Two US F-16 Fighting Falcons prepare to depart Prince Sultan Air Base in Saudi Arabia for a patrol as part of Operation Southern Watch, 2000.
memo
George W. Bush addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations on 12 September 2002 to outline the complaints of the United States government against the Iraqi government.
From left: French President Jacques Chirac, US President George W. Bush, British Prime Minister Tony Blair and Italian Prime minister Silvio Berlusconi at the G8 Summit at Evian, France. Chirac opposed the invasion; the other three leaders supported it.
Anti war protest in London, 2002
60,000–200,000 protesters of various ages demonstrated in San Francisco, 15 February 2003
José Manuel Durão Barroso, Tony Blair, George W. Bush and José María Aznar on 16 March 2003
U.S. President George W. Bush meets with his top advisors on 19 March 2003 just before the invasion
Colin Powell holding a model vial of anthrax while giving presentation to the United Nations Security Council on 5 February 2003 (still photograph captured from video clip, The White House/CNN)
President George Bush, surrounded by leaders of the House and Senate, announces the Joint Resolution to Authorize the Use of United States Armed Forces Against Iraq, 2 October 2002.
President George W. Bush addresses the nation from the Oval Office, 19 March 2003, to announce the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
Tony Blair (left) and George W. Bush at Camp David in March 2003, during the build-up to the invasion of Iraq
Kurdish areas in Northern Iraq
US Marine M1A1 tank is off-loaded from a US Navy LCAC in Kuwait in February 2003
T-72 Lion of Babylon (Asad Babil)
US invasion: 20–28 March 2003
US invasion: 29 March – 7 April 2003
Routes and major battles fought by invasion force and afterwards
Carrier Air Wing Two (CVW-2) mission briefing aboard USS Constellation (CV-64), 21 March 2003.
Wingtip vortices are visible trailing from an F-15E as it disengages from midair refueling with a KC-10 during Operation Iraqi Freedom
NASA Landsat 7 image of Baghdad, 2 April 2003. The dark streaks are smoke from oil well fires set in an attempt to hinder attacking air forces
A U.S. amphibious fighting vehicle destroyed near Nasiriyah
A U.S. soldier stands guard duty near a burning oil well in the Rumaila oil field, 2 April 2003
Destroyed Iraqi T-72 tank on Highway 9 outside Najaf
British soldiers engage Iraqi Army positions with their 81mm Mortars south of Basra, 26 March 2003.
A T72 Asad Babil abandoned after facing the final U.S. thrust into Baghdad
The northern front during March and April 2003
Aftermath of Battle
Peshmerga, U.S. Special Operations
A squad leader with the 15th Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (15th MEU (SOC))
The destroyed remains of Iraqi tanks and other armored vehicles litter an Iraqi military complex west of Diwaniyah
A combat camera video shows the 1 April 2003 footage of PFC Jessica Lynch on a stretcher during her rescue from Iraq.
U.S. Army M1A1 Abrams tanks and their crews pose for a photo in front of the "Victory Arch" monument at Baghdad's Ceremony Square in November 2003.
An American M1 Abrams tank destroyed in Baghdad
Marines from 1st Battalion 7th Marines enter a palace during the Battle of Baghdad
The April 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein's statue in Firdos Square in Baghdad shortly after the capture of the city
USS Abraham Lincoln returning to port carrying its Mission Accomplished banner
The "Coalition of the willing" named by the US State Department in 2003.
Polish GROM troops pose immediately after the port's capture during the Battle of Umm Qasr.
Aircraft of the USAF 379th Air Expeditionary Wing and UK and Australian counterparts stationed together at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, in southwest Asia, fly over the desert on 14 April 2003. Aircraft include KC-135 Stratotanker, F-15E Strike Eagle, F-117 Nighthawk, F-16CJ Falcon, British GR-4 Tornado, and Australian F/A-18 Hornet
A study found that in the lead up to the Iraq War, most U.S. sources were overwhelmingly in favor of the invasion.
Poland was part of the "coalition of the willing"
Members of the RAN Clearance Diving Team Three and an Australian Army LCM-8 inspecting camouflaged mines, 21 March 2003.

The Republican Party's campaign platform in the 2000 election called for "full implementation" of the Iraq Liberation Act as "a starting point" in a plan to "remove" Saddam.

O'Neill later backtracked, saying that these discussions were part of a continuation of foreign policy first put into place by the Clinton administration.

For example, in April 2003 John Kerry, the Democratic candidate in the presidential election, said at a campaign rally: "What we need now is not just a regime change in Saddam Hussein and Iraq, but we need a regime change in the United States."