Democratic socialism

democratic socialistdemocratic socialistsdemocratic-socialistsocialistsocialist democracydemocraticsocialismsocial democraticsocialist democraciesdemocracy and socialism
Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside a socially owned economy, with an emphasis on workers' self-management and democratic control of economic institutions within a market or some form of a decentralised planned socialist economy.wikipedia
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Fabian Society

FabianFabiansFabianism
For instance, the gradualist, reformist socialism promoted by the British Fabian Society and Eduard Bernstein's evolutionary socialism in Germany influenced the development of democratic socialism.
The Fabian Society is a British socialist organisation whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist effort in democracies, rather than by revolutionary overthrow.

List of socialist states

Marxist–Leninist statesList of socialist countriessocialist republics
Democratic socialists oppose the Stalinist political system and the Soviet-type economic system, rejecting the perceived authoritarian form of governance and centralized command economy that took form in the Soviet Union and other Marxist–Leninist states in the early 20th century.
In particular, there are numerous cases of Social Democratic and Democratic Socialist political parties winning elections in liberal democratic states and ruling for a number of terms until a different party wins the elections.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
Like traditional social democracy, democratic socialism tends to follow a gradual, reformist or evolutionary path to socialism rather than a revolutionary one, a tendency that is captured in the statement that Labour Party revisionist Anthony Crosland, intellectual leader of the liberal/right-wing of the party, argued "that the socialism of the pre-war world was now increasingly irrelevant". This latest development contributed to the rise of politicians that represent the more traditional social democracy such as Jeremy Corbyn in the United Kingdom and Bernie Sanders in the United States, who assumed the label democratic socialist to describe their rejection of centrist, Third Way politicians that supported triangulation within the Labour and Democratic parties.
The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists.

Jeremy Corbyn

CorbynFionn McGorryCorbynist
This latest development contributed to the rise of politicians that represent the more traditional social democracy such as Jeremy Corbyn in the United Kingdom and Bernie Sanders in the United States, who assumed the label democratic socialist to describe their rejection of centrist, Third Way politicians that supported triangulation within the Labour and Democratic parties.
Ideologically, he identifies as a democratic socialist.

Democratic Socialists of America

DSADemocratic SocialistInstitute for Democratic Socialism
Another example is the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), with the organisation defining socialism as a decentralised socially-owned economy, stating: "Social ownership could take many forms, such as worker-owned cooperatives or publicly owned enterprises managed by workers and consumer representatives. Democratic socialists favour as much decentralisation as possible. While the large concentrations of capital in industries such as energy and steel may necessitate some form of state ownership, many consumer-goods industries might be best run as cooperatives.
The Democratic Socialists of America (DSA) is an organization of democratic socialist, social democratic and labor-oriented members in the United States.

The Left (Germany)

The LeftDie LinkeLeft Party
Consequently, some former communist parties have rebranded themselves as democratic socialist such as The Left in Germany, a party succeeding the Party of Democratic Socialism, itself the legal successor of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.
The Left (Die Linke), also commonly referred to as the Left Party (die Linkspartei, ), is a democratic socialist political party in Germany.

Tony Benn

Anthony Wedgwood BennBenniteAnthony Wedgewood Benn
Tony Benn, another Labour Party politician, described democratic socialism as a socialism that is "open, libertarian, pluralistic, humane and democratic; nothing whatever in common with the harsh, centralised, dictatorial and mechanistic images which are purposely presented by our opponents and a tiny group of people who control the mass media in Britain".
Originally a moderate, he was identified as being on the party's hard left from the early 1980s onward, and was widely seen as a key proponent of democratic socialism within the party.

Third Way

Third Way (centrism)third way politicscentrist
Democratic socialism is also distinguished from social democracy and the Third Way on the basis that democratic socialists are ultimately committed to systemic transformation of the economy from capitalism to socialism, whereas social democrats and supporters of the centrist Third Way are opposed to ending capitalism, and social democrats are instead supportive of progressive reforms to humanize capitalism and curb its excesses. During the late 20th century, these labels were embraced, contested and rejected due to the emergence of developments within the European left such as Eurocommunism, the rise of neoliberalism, the fall of the Soviet Union and Marxist–Leninist governments, the Third Way and the rise of anti-austerity and Occupy movements in the late 2000s and early 2010s due to the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 and the Great Recession.
It has also been heavily criticised by other social democrats, anarchists, communists and in particular democratic socialists as a betrayal of left-wing values, with some analysts characterising the Third Way as an effectively neoliberal movement.

Socialist Party of America

SocialistSocialist PartySocial Democratic
For example, Eugene V. Debs and Norman Thomas, both of whom were United States presidential candidates for the Socialist Party of America, understood socialism to be an economic system structured upon production for use and social ownership in place of the profit system and private ownership.
The Socialist Party of America (SPA) was a multi-tendency democratic socialist and social democratic political party in the United States formed in 1901 by a merger between the three-year-old Social Democratic Party of America and disaffected elements of the Socialist Labor Party of America which had split from the main organization in 1899.

Party of Democratic Socialism (Germany)

Party of Democratic SocialismPDSParty of Democratic Socialism (PDS)
Consequently, some former communist parties have rebranded themselves as democratic socialist such as The Left in Germany, a party succeeding the Party of Democratic Socialism, itself the legal successor of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.
The Party of Democratic Socialism (Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus, PDS) was a democratic socialist political party in Germany active between 1989 and 2007.

Revolutions of 1989

fall of communismthe fall of the Iron Curtaincollapse of communism
During the late 20th century, these labels were embraced, contested and rejected due to the emergence of developments within the European left such as Eurocommunism, the rise of neoliberalism, the fall of the Soviet Union and Marxist–Leninist governments, the Third Way and the rise of anti-austerity and Occupy movements in the late 2000s and early 2010s due to the global financial crisis of 2007–2008 and the Great Recession.
Many communist and socialist organisations in the West turned their guiding principles over to social democracy and democratic socialism.

Production for use

directly for usefor usedirectly produce for use
For example, Eugene V. Debs and Norman Thomas, both of whom were United States presidential candidates for the Socialist Party of America, understood socialism to be an economic system structured upon production for use and social ownership in place of the profit system and private ownership.
This criterion is used to distinguish socialism from capitalism, and was one of the fundamental defining characteristics of socialism initially shared by Marxian socialists, evolutionary socialists, social anarchists and Christian socialists.

Workplace democracy

Wobbly Shopdemocratic managementworkplace
Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside a socially owned economy, with an emphasis on workers' self-management and democratic control of economic institutions within a market or some form of a decentralised planned socialist economy.
The Democratic socialist parties have supported the notion of workplace democracy and democratically controlled institutions.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
Democratic socialism is also distinguished from social democracy and the Third Way on the basis that democratic socialists are ultimately committed to systemic transformation of the economy from capitalism to socialism, whereas social democrats and supporters of the centrist Third Way are opposed to ending capitalism, and social democrats are instead supportive of progressive reforms to humanize capitalism and curb its excesses.
He then moved towards democratic socialism.

Revolutionary socialism

revolutionary socialistsocialist revolutionrevolutionary
Although most democratic socialists are seeking a gradual transition to socialism, democratic socialism can support either revolutionary or reformist politics as a means to establish socialism.
Revolutionary socialism also includes non-Marxist movements, such as those found in anarchism, revolutionary syndicalism, and democratic socialism.

New Labour

Labour1997–2010 Labour governmentLabour government
As an example, the new version of Clause IV of the New Labour Constitution conflates democratic socialism with modern social democracy.
Miliband resigned in 2015 and was replaced by self-described democratic socialist Jeremy Corbyn, leading one MP to comment that New Labour is "dead and buried".

George Orwell

OrwellOrwellianEric Blair
The most notable examples are the Paris Commune, the various soviet republics in the post-World War I period and the early Soviet Russia before the abolition of soviets, Revolutionary Catalonia as noted by George Orwell and more recently Rojava.
His work is characterised by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism.

Social democracy

social democraticsocial-democraticsocial democrat
In the late 19th century and early 20th century, democratic socialism was also influenced by social democracy.
It has also been seen by some political commentators as a synonym for European socialism and as overlapping with democratic socialism.

Salvador Allende

AllendeSalvador Allende GossensPresident Allende
Other examples include the kibbutz in modern-day Israel, Marinaleda in Spain, the Zapatistas in Chiapas and to some extent Chile under President Salvador Allende as well as the workers' self-management within Yugoslavia and modern Cuba.
Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (, ; 26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean democratic socialist politician and physician, President of Chile from 1970 until 1973, and head of the Popular Unity political coalition government; he was the first ever Marxist to be elected president in a country with liberal democracy.

Socialist Unity Party of Germany

SEDSocialist Unity PartySocialist Unity Party (''"Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands"'' / SED)
Consequently, some former communist parties have rebranded themselves as democratic socialist such as The Left in Germany, a party succeeding the Party of Democratic Socialism, itself the legal successor of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany.
In hopes of changing its image, on 16 December it renamed itself the Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), abandoning Marxism–Leninism and declaring itself a democratic socialist party.

State socialism

state socialistsocialismsocialist
Benjamin Tucker is one eminent American individualist anarchist who adopted a laissez-faire system he termed anarchistic socialism in contraposition to state socialism.
Libertarian and democratic socialists claim that these states had only a limited number of socialist characteristics.

Socialist Party

PSsocialist partiesSocialist
Despite this, the party still claimed to be a socialist party, pointing out its regulation of the private sector, activist intervention in the economy and social policies as evidence of this.
Statistically, most of these parties advocate either democratic socialism, social democracy or even Third Way as their ideological position.

Norman Thomas

Norman Mattoon ThomasNorman M. ThomasThomas
For example, Eugene V. Debs and Norman Thomas, both of whom were United States presidential candidates for the Socialist Party of America, understood socialism to be an economic system structured upon production for use and social ownership in place of the profit system and private ownership. This tendency is also often invoked in an attempt to distinguish democratic socialism from Marxist–Leninist socialism as in Norman Thomas' Democratic Socialism: A New Appraisal, Roy Hattersley's Choose Freedom: The Future of Democratic Socialism, Jim Tomlinson's Democratic Socialism and Economic Policy: The Attlee Years, 1945–1951 and Donald F. Busky's Democratic Socialism: A Global Survey.
As an articulate and engaging spokesman for democratic socialism, Thomas had considerably greater influence than the typical perennial candidate.

Revisionism (Marxism)

revisionistrevisionismrevisionists
For instance, the gradualist, reformist socialism promoted by the British Fabian Society and Eduard Bernstein's evolutionary socialism in Germany influenced the development of democratic socialism.
In the late 19th century, revisionism was used to describe democratic socialist writers such as Eduard Bernstein, who sought to revise Karl Marx's ideas about the transition to socialism and claimed that a revolution through force was not necessary to achieve a socialist society.

Decentralized planning (economics)

decentralized planningdecentralized economic planningdecentralized planned economy
Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside a socially owned economy, with an emphasis on workers' self-management and democratic control of economic institutions within a market or some form of a decentralised planned socialist economy.
Decentralized-planning has been proposed as a basis for socialism and has been variously advocated by democratic socialists, council communists and anarchists who advocate a non-market form of socialism, in total rejection of Soviet-type central economic planning.