Demoscene

demodemosdemo scenedemopartydemopartiesPouetdemo partycompocomposcomputer demo
The demoscene is an international computer art subculture focused on producing demos: self-contained, sometimes extremely small, computer programs that produce audio-visual presentations.wikipedia
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Demogroup

demo groupdemoscenersgroups
This created a competitive environment in which demoscene groups would try to outperform each other in creating outstanding effects, and often to demonstrate why they felt one machine was better than another (for example Commodore 64 or Amiga versus Atari 8-bit family or Atari ST).
Demogroup is teams of demoscener, who make computer based audio-visual works of art known as demos.

Demo effect

effecteffectsvisual effect
This created a competitive environment in which demoscene groups would try to outperform each other in creating outstanding effects, and often to demonstrate why they felt one machine was better than another (for example Commodore 64 or Amiga versus Atari 8-bit family or Atari ST). The earliest computer programs that have some resemblance to demos and demo effects can be found among the so-called display hacks.
Demo effect is computer-based real-time visual effects found in demos created by the demoscene.

Commodore 64

C6464Commodore
This created a competitive environment in which demoscene groups would try to outperform each other in creating outstanding effects, and often to demonstrate why they felt one machine was better than another (for example Commodore 64 or Amiga versus Atari 8-bit family or Atari ST).
The C64 is also credited with popularizing the computer demoscene and is still used today by some computer hobbyists.

64K intro

64kb categorysize limit like 64 kilobytes
The most typical competition categories for intros are the 64K intro and the 4K intro, where the size of the executable file is restricted to 65536 and 4096 bytes, respectively.
A 64K intro is a demo where the size of the executable file is limited to 64 kibibytes, or 65,536 bytes.

Home computer

home computershomehome computing
The demoscene's roots are in the home computer revolution of the late 1970s, and the subsequent advent of software cracking.
While most of the programs in these books were short and simple games or demos, some titles such as Compute!s SpeedScript series, contained productivity software that rivaled commercial packages.

ZX Spectrum demos

user-submitted demosZX Spectrum demo scene
The ZX Spectrum demo scene was slow to start, but it started to rise in the late 1980s, most noticeably in Eastern Europe.
ZX Spectrum demos are demos made for the ZX Spectrum and compatible computers.

Charles Deenen

Simple demo-like music collections were put together on the C64 in 1985 by Charles Deenen, inspired by crack intros, using music taken from games and adding some homemade color graphics.
He was one of the first demosceners.

Castor Cracking Group

On the ZX Spectrum, Castor Cracking Group released their first demo called Castor Intro in 1986.
Castor Cracking Group (CCG) was a demo group from Sweden, and were active on the ZX Spectrum during 1986-88.

Software cracking

crackingcrackscrack
The demoscene's roots are in the home computer revolution of the late 1970s, and the subsequent advent of software cracking.
Once the technical competition had expanded from the challenges of cracking to the challenges of creating visually stunning intros, the foundations for a new subculture known as demoscene were established.

Warez scene

The Scenescenesoftware sharing
Through the making of intros and stand-alone demos, a new community eventually evolved, independent of the gaming and software sharing scenes.
The groups would promote their abilities with ever more sophisticated and advanced software, graphical art, and later also music (demoscene).

Amiga

Commodore AmigaAmiga ComputerAmiga 500/600 (OCS/ECS)
This created a competitive environment in which demoscene groups would try to outperform each other in creating outstanding effects, and often to demonstrate why they felt one machine was better than another (for example Commodore 64 or Amiga versus Atari 8-bit family or Atari ST).
The platform became particularly popular for gaming and programming demos.

Assembly (demoparty)

AssemblyAssembly demo partyAssembly (demo party)
Most events are local, gathering demomakers mostly from a single country, while the largest international parties (such as Breakpoint and Assembly) attract visitors from all over the globe. Three well-known and appreciated large-scale demoparties were established in the early 1990s: The Party in Denmark, Assembly in Finland and The Gathering in Norway.
The Assembly demoparty is a demoscene and gaming event in Finland.

The Party (demoparty)

The Party
Three well-known and appreciated large-scale demoparties were established in the early 1990s: The Party in Denmark, Assembly in Finland and The Gathering in Norway.
The Party (or "TP", for short) was an annual demoscene event held from 1991 to 2002 in Denmark.

Compunet

At the same time demos from others, such as Antony Crowther, had started circulating on Compunet in the United Kingdom.
Games creator Jeff Minter and musician Rob Hubbard, along with various members of the demo scene, had a presence on the network.

The Gathering (LAN party)

The GatheringThe Gathering (computer party)The Gathering (TG)
Three well-known and appreciated large-scale demoparties were established in the early 1990s: The Party in Denmark, Assembly in Finland and The Gathering in Norway.
In early 1991, Vegard Skjefstad and Trond Michelsen, members of the demogroup Deadline, decided that they wanted to organize a big demoparty in Norway.

Revision (demoparty)

Revision
The Gathering continues to be organized yearly as a generic "computer party", but most of the demosceners now prefer Revision in Germany, which takes place at the same time.
Revision is a demoparty which takes place on Easter in Saarbrücken, Germany.

Alternative Party (demoparty)

Alternative PartyAlternative Party (demo party)Alternative Party 2007
Alternative Party is a demoscene and art event in Finland.

The Judges (demogroup)

The Judges
The Dutch groups 1001 Crew and The Judges, both Commodore 64-based, are often mentioned as the earliest demo groups.
The Judges released several demos for the Commodore 64 home computer between the years 1986 - 1988.

Breakpoint (demoparty)

BreakpointBreakpoint demo partyBreakpoint 2003
Most events are local, gathering demomakers mostly from a single country, while the largest international parties (such as Breakpoint and Assembly) attract visitors from all over the globe.
Breakpoint was a German demoscene party.

Chaos Constructions

Chaos Constructions is the oldest demoparty in Russia, previously known as ENLiGHT.

Crack intro

cracktrocracktrosintros
Crackers altered the code of video games to remove copy protection, claiming credit by adding introduction screens of their own ("cracktros").
This practice evolved into the demoscene.

LAN party

LAN partiesLANLAN event
In this respect, many demoparties resemble LAN parties, and many of the largest events also gather gamers and other computer enthusiasts in addition to demosceners.
Amongst these are demoparties such as Assembly and hacker conventions such as DEF CON.

Disk magazine

diskmagdisk-only formatdiskmags
It has also been common for diskmags to have voting-based charts which provide ranking lists for the best coders, graphicians, musicians, demos and other things.
Many disk magazines of the 1990s and later are connected with the demoscene, including Grapevine, for the Amiga computer.

Kindergarden (demoparty)

Kindergarden
Kindergarden (KG) is an annual demo party first organized in 1994 in Fjellfoten, Norway.

Screensaver

screen saverdisplay hackscreensavers
The earliest computer programs that have some resemblance to demos and demo effects can be found among the so-called display hacks.
It also collects forms of computer graphics effects called demo effects, originally included in demos created by the demo scene.