Denialism

denialistdenialcorporate denialismdenialistsdeniedan Armenian cemetery never existed on the site and that Armenians have never lived in Julfadenial of truthdenieshistory-deniersHolocaust denial
In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person's choice to deny reality as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth.wikipedia
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Climate change denial

climate change denierclimate change deniersclimate change sceptic
The terms Holocaust denialism and AIDS denialism describe the denial of the facts and the reality of the subject matters, and the term climate change denial describes denial of the scientific consensus that the climate change of planet Earth is a real and occurring event primarily caused by human activity.
Several social science studies have analyzed these positions as forms of denialism, pseudoscience, or propaganda.

Denial

denydenyingDARVO
In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person's choice to deny reality as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth. The superseded belief that the Earth is flat, and denial of all of the overwhelming evidence that supports an approximately spherical Earth that rotates around its axis and revolves around the Sun, persists into the 21st century. Anthropologist Didier Fassin distinguishes between denial, defined as "the empirical observation that reality and truth are being denied", and denialism, which he defines as "an ideological position whereby one systematically reacts by refusing reality and truth".

Cherry picking

cherry-pickingcherry-pickedcherry picked
However, the evidence that HIV causes AIDS is scientifically conclusive and the scientific community rejects and ignores AIDS-denialist claims as based on faulty reasoning, cherry picking, and misrepresentation of mainly outdated scientific data.
Cherry picking is one of the epistemological characteristics of denialism and widely used by different science denialists to seemingly contradict scientific findings.

Chris Hoofnagle

Chris and
Rick Stoff quoted Chris Hoofnagle—a senior staff attorney at the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic and a senior fellow at the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology at the UC Berkeley School of Law—as follows:
Writing in the European Journal of Public Health, Pascal Diethelm and Martin McKee describe the contribution Chris and Mark Hoofnagle have made to the understanding of denialism: The Hoofnagle brothers, a lawyer and a physiologist from the United States, who have done much to develop the concept of denialism, have defined it as the employment of rhetorical arguments to give the appearance of legitimate debate where there is none, an approach that has the ultimate goal of rejecting a proposition on which a scientific consensus exists.

Holocaust denial

Holocaust denierHolocaust deniersdenied the Holocaust
The terms Holocaust denialism and AIDS denialism describe the denial of the facts and the reality of the subject matters, and the term climate change denial describes denial of the scientific consensus that the climate change of planet Earth is a real and occurring event primarily caused by human activity.
Scholars use the term denial to describe the views and methodology of Holocaust deniers in order to distinguish them from legitimate historical revisionists, who challenge orthodox interpretations of history using established historical methodologies.

Intelligent design

intelligent design theoryEvolutionary informaticssupernatural creation
Many fundamentalist Christians teach creationism as if it were fact under the banners of creation science and intelligent design.
In describing the dangers posed to education by teaching creationism, it described intelligent design as "anti-science" and involving "blatant scientific fraud" and "intellectual deception" that "blurs the nature, objectives and limits of science" and links it and other forms of creationism to denialism.

Creation science

scientific creationismCreation biologycreation-science
Many fundamentalist Christians teach creationism as if it were fact under the banners of creation science and intelligent design.

Flat Earth

flatEarth is flatEarth was flat
The superseded belief that the Earth is flat, and denial of all of the overwhelming evidence that supports an approximately spherical Earth that rotates around its axis and revolves around the Sun, persists into the 21st century.

Human behavior

human behaviourhuman activitybehavior
In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person's choice to deny reality as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth.

Reality

real worldrealreality-based
In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person's choice to deny reality as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth.

Truth

trueTruth theorytheory of truth
In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person's choice to deny reality as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth.

Irrationality

irrationalirrationalismirrational thinking
Denialism is an essentially irrational action that withholds the validation of a historical experience or event, when a person refuses to accept an empirically verifiable reality.

Scientific consensus

consensusGateway Belief Modelscholarly consensus
In the sciences, denialism is the rejection of basic facts and concepts that are undisputed, well-supported parts of the scientific consensus on a subject, in favor of radical and controversial ideas. Persons and social groups who reject propositions on which there exists a mainstream and scientific consensus engage in denialism when they use rhetorical tactics to give the appearance of argument and legitimate debate, when there is none.

HIV/AIDS denialism

AIDS denialismAIDS denialistAIDS denialists
The terms Holocaust denialism and AIDS denialism describe the denial of the facts and the reality of the subject matters, and the term climate change denial describes denial of the scientific consensus that the climate change of planet Earth is a real and occurring event primarily caused by human activity.

Scientific consensus on climate change

scientific opinion on climate changescientific consensusscientific consensus on global warming
The terms Holocaust denialism and AIDS denialism describe the denial of the facts and the reality of the subject matters, and the term climate change denial describes denial of the scientific consensus that the climate change of planet Earth is a real and occurring event primarily caused by human activity.

Defence mechanism

defense mechanismdefense mechanismsdefence mechanisms
The motivations and causes of denialism include religion, self-interest (economic, political, or financial), and defence mechanisms meant to protect the psyche of the denialist against mentally disturbing facts and ideas.

Didier Fassin

Anthropologist Didier Fassin distinguishes between denial, defined as "the empirical observation that reality and truth are being denied", and denialism, which he defines as "an ideological position whereby one systematically reacts by refusing reality and truth".

Rhetoric

rhetoricianrhetorrhetorical
Persons and social groups who reject propositions on which there exists a mainstream and scientific consensus engage in denialism when they use rhetorical tactics to give the appearance of argument and legitimate debate, when there is none.

UC Berkeley School of Law

Boalt HallBoalt Hall School of LawUniversity of California, Berkeley School of Law
Rick Stoff quoted Chris Hoofnagle—a senior staff attorney at the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic and a senior fellow at the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology at the UC Berkeley School of Law—as follows:

Edwin Cameron

CameronCameron JACameron J
In a 2003 newspaper article, Edwin Cameron, a senior South African judge who has AIDS, described the tactics used by those who deny the Holocaust and by those who deny that the AIDS pandemic is due to infection with HIV.

HIV/AIDS

AIDSHIVacquired immune deficiency syndrome
In a 2003 newspaper article, Edwin Cameron, a senior South African judge who has AIDS, described the tactics used by those who deny the Holocaust and by those who deny that the AIDS pandemic is due to infection with HIV.

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS

AIDS epidemicAIDS pandemicHIV/AIDS epidemic
In a 2003 newspaper article, Edwin Cameron, a senior South African judge who has AIDS, described the tactics used by those who deny the Holocaust and by those who deny that the AIDS pandemic is due to infection with HIV.

Globalization and Health

A 2009 article published in the journal Globalization and Health also notes "recourse to data debates and pseudo-scientific 'evidence is a common feature of several types of denialism. This is an area which British historian Richard J. Evans mentioned as part of his analysis of the David Irving's work which he presented for the defence when Irving sued Deborah Lipstadt for libel:"Reputable and professional historians do not suppress parts of quotations from documents that go against their own case, but take them into account, and, if necessary, amend their own case, accordingly.

Richard J. Evans

Richard EvansEvans, Richard J.Sir Richard Evans
A 2009 article published in the journal Globalization and Health also notes "recourse to data debates and pseudo-scientific 'evidence is a common feature of several types of denialism. This is an area which British historian Richard J. Evans mentioned as part of his analysis of the David Irving's work which he presented for the defence when Irving sued Deborah Lipstadt for libel:"Reputable and professional historians do not suppress parts of quotations from documents that go against their own case, but take them into account, and, if necessary, amend their own case, accordingly.

David Irving

author of the same nameDavidDavid Irving "Accident — The Death of General Sikorski
A 2009 article published in the journal Globalization and Health also notes "recourse to data debates and pseudo-scientific 'evidence is a common feature of several types of denialism. This is an area which British historian Richard J. Evans mentioned as part of his analysis of the David Irving's work which he presented for the defence when Irving sued Deborah Lipstadt for libel:"Reputable and professional historians do not suppress parts of quotations from documents that go against their own case, but take them into account, and, if necessary, amend their own case, accordingly.