A report on Sweden and Denmark

A Vendel-era helmet, at the Swedish Museum of National Antiquities
The gilded side of the Trundholm sun chariot dating from the Nordic Bronze Age
Viking expeditions (blue lines)
The Tjängvide image stone dating from 800 to 1099, example of Viking art
The Ladby ship, the largest ship burial found in Denmark.
Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), a site of religious and political importance in the early days of Sweden
Larger of the two Jelling stones, raised by Harald Bluetooth
Skog tapestry, made most probably during the late 13th century.
Extent of the Dano-Norwegian Realm. After the Napoleonic Wars, Norway was ceded to Sweden while Denmark kept the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland.
Gustav I liberated Sweden from Christian II of Denmark, ending the Kalmar Union. He established the House of Vasa which ruled Sweden and Poland until the 17th century
The Assault on Copenhagen on 11 February 1659 during the Second Northern War. Danish defenders under King Frederick III successfully repelled the forces of the Swedish Empire. Painting by Frederik Christian Lund.
Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631.
The National Constitutional Assembly was convened by King Frederick VII in 1848 to adopt the Constitution of Denmark.
The Swedish Empire between 1611 and 1815, with its absolute peak between 1658 and 1660.
Denmark became a member of the European Union in 1973 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
The Battle of Poltava in 1709. In the following years, Russia and her allies occupied all Swedish dominions on the Baltic coast and even Finland.
A satellite image of Jutland and the Danish islands
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Famine of 1867–1869
A map showing major urban areas, islands and connecting bridges
Swedish emigrants boarding ship in Gothenburg in 1905
Bay of Aarhus viewed from southern Djursland
A Swedish soldier during World War II. Sweden remained neutral during the conflict.
Beech trees are common throughout Denmark, especially in the sparse woodlands.
Tage Erlander (left), Prime Minister under the ruling Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1946 to 1969.
The European Environment Agency in Copenhagen
Sweden joined the European Union in 1995 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
Christiansborg Palace houses the Folketing, the Supreme Court, and government offices.
Second day of the Stockholm Husby riots. The picture shows three cars on fire in the Stockholm suburb of Husby, 20 May 2013
King Christian V presiding over the Supreme Court in 1697.
View of the Stora Sjöfallet National Park
The village of Kunoy on Kunoy island, in the Faroe Islands. Kalsoy island is at right.
Scania in southern Sweden
Danish prime minister Mette Frederiksen (second from left) with foreign counterparts at the Nordic Council in Copenhagen, 2021
Sandhamn island, Stockholm archipelago
Danish MP-soldiers conducting advanced law enforcement training
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the 0°C isotherm
A proportional representation of Denmark exports, 2019
Köppen climate classification types of Sweden using the -3°C isotherm
Lego bricks are produced by The Lego Group, headquartered in Billund.
Map of Sweden's five major vegetation zones
Denmark is a major producer and exporter of pork products.
The current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, and his consort, Queen Silvia
With an investment of 8.5 million euros over the ten-year construction period, Denmark confirms participation in E-ELT.
Rosenbad, in central Stockholm, has been the seat of the Government since 1981.
Middelgrunden, an offshore wind farm near Copenhagen
The Riksdag chamber, at the time of a vote, in 2009
Denmark railway network
The party leaders lined up before the start of the televised live debate on 12 September 2014.
Copenhagen Airport is the largest airport in Scandinavia and the 15th-busiest in Europe.
Municipal divisions of Sweden
Roskilde Cathedral has been the burial place of Danish royalty since the 15th century. In 1995 it became a World Heritage Site.
Kingdoms of Svear (Sweonas) and Götar (Geats) in the 12th century, with modern borders in grey
The oldest surviving Danish lecture plan dated 1537 from the University of Copenhagen
The Riksdag, the Swedish Parliament in 2014
Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen
Bonde Palace in Stockholm, seat of the Supreme Court of Sweden
Mjølnerparken in Copenhagen
The EU parliament in Brussels. Sweden is a member state of the European Union.
Statue of philosopher Søren Kierkegaard
Development aid measured in GNI in 2009. Source: OECD. As a percentage Sweden is the largest donor.
Director Lars von Trier, who co-created the Dogme film movement
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is an advanced Swedish multi-role fighter aircraft of the Swedish Air Force.
Grundtvig's Church in Copenhagen, an example of expressionist architecture
The Infantry fighting vehicle CV90, which is produced and used by Sweden
A portrait of Hans Christian Andersen (1836), by Christian Albrecht Jensen
Gross regional product (GRP) per capita in thousands of kronor (2014)
Woman in Front of a Mirror, (1841), by Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg
A proportional representation of Sweden exports, 2019
Smørrebrød, a variety of Danish open sandwiches piled high with delicacies
Sweden is home to Volvo Cars, an automobile company with its headquarters in Gothenburg
Michael Laudrup, named the best Danish football player of all time by the Danish Football Union
Real GDP growth in Sweden, 1996–2006
Sweden is part of the Schengen Area and the EU single market.
Nordstan is one of the largest shopping malls in northern Europe
Ringhals Nuclear Power Plant, located south of Gothenburg
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen in Denmark
Stockholm Central Station
Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and institutor of the Nobel Prize
Population density in the counties of Sweden.
Distribution of speakers of the Swedish language
The Protestant Katarina Church in Stockholm
The second oldest mosque in Sweden is the Malmö Mosque, inaugurated in 1984
Historical development of life expectancy in Sweden
Uppsala University (established 1477)
Nationalmuseum in Stockholm
The Swedish band ABBA in April 1974, a few days after they won the Eurovision Song Contest
Kalmar Cathedral
Headquarters of Sveriges Television in Stockholm
The writer and playwright August Strindberg
Walpurgis Night bonfire in Sweden
Cinnamon rolls originated in Sweden and Denmark.
Former World No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg
Former world No. 1 tennis player Björn Borg

It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge–tunnel across the Öresund.

- Sweden

European Denmark is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries, lying southwest of Sweden, south of Norway, and north of Germany.

- Denmark

33 related topics with Alpha



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The two counties of Scania from 1719 to 1996
Letter from Eric of Pomerania dated 1437, with a description of the arms granted to the city of Malmö.
The coat of arms of Scania in an engraving from 1712 in Erik Dahlbergh's Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna.
Ale's Stones, a stone ship (burial monument) from c. 500 AD on the coast at Kåseberga, around ten kilometres (10 km) south east of Ystad.
Map of Denmark in the Middle Ages, Scania was together with the provinces Blekinge and Halland a part of Denmark
Front page of the latest and current peace treaty between Denmark and Sweden, Swedish version
The motorway through western Scania, E6, here at motorway service Glumslöv, is the artery of the western part of the province.
All local, regional and inter-regional train services within Scania (2018). In all, 72 stations are served, during day times at least one train per hour and direction. Many stations (especially in the west) have far better service than so. The most busy part is between Hyllie (Malmö) and Lund.
Land usage in Scania, showing hardwood forests (light green), pinewood forests (dark green), fields (yellow), garden and fruit (orange) and residential areas (red)
Aerial view of Scania near Lund
A typical Beech forest, the Western edge of Karlslund in Northern Landskrona
Pruned willows and rapefields are typical for this area of Sweden.
Typical Scanian coastline, here southern peak of Ven island in Øresund. The yellow colour indicates sand rather than chalk, while white colour at similar cliffs indicates chalk rather than sand
Map of the 33 municipalities of Scania. The western, yellow coloured municipalities, close to Øresund, have much higher population densities than the eastern ones
Eslöv church, built 1890 in Neo-Gothic style, sometimes known in Swedish as Eslöv Gothic.
The Øresund Bridge
The Annehem neighborhood in Lund
The Turning Torso in Malmö, the tallest building in Sweden.
Location of some SMHI temperature stations in Scania
Traditional half-timbered farm house of the southern plains in Scania.
The house of magistrate Jacob Hansen in Helsingborg, built in 1641.
The Old Church of Södra Åsum in Sjöbo Municipality — a typical example of a medieval Danish Scanian church.
Lund skyline, with the Cathedral towers.
Vittskövle Castle.
Traditional Scanian nuptial array according to Auguste Racinet, in Le costume historique.

Scania is the southernmost of the historical provinces (landskap) of Sweden.

Electrified dual track railroad exists from the border with Denmark at the Øresund Bridge to Malmö and onwards to Lund.


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Subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples.

Subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties between its constituent peoples.

Galdhøpiggen is the highest point in Scandinavia and is a part of the Scandinavian Mountains.
Scandinavia originally referred vaguely to Scania, a formerly Danish region that became Swedish in the seventeenth century.
The original areas inhabited (during the Bronze Age) by the peoples now known as Scandinavians included what is now Northern Germany (particularly Schleswig-Holstein), all of Denmark, southern Sweden, the southern coast of Norway and Åland in Finland while namesake Scania found itself in the centre.
Scandinavism—a Norwegian, a Dane and a Swede.
Historically verified distribution of the Sami languages ([[:File:Sami languages large 2.png|legend]])
The Kalmar Union (c. 1400)
Continental Scandinavian languages: Danish Norwegian
Insular Scandinavian languages:Faroese

In English usage, Scandinavia most commonly refers to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.

Danish language

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Danish label reading militærpoliti, "military police", on a police vehicle
Language shift in the 19th century in southern Schleswig
Learn Danish banner in Flensburg, Germany, where it is an officially recognized regional language
Map of Danish dialects
A map showing the distribution of stød in Danish dialects: Dialects in the pink areas have stød, as in standard Danish, while those in the green ones have tones, as in Swedish and Norwegian. Dialects in the blue areas have (like Icelandic, German, and English) neither stød nor tones.
The distribution of one, two, and three grammatical genders in Danish dialects. In Zealand, the transition from three to two genders has happened fairly recently. West of the red line, the definite article goes before the word as in English or German; east of the line it takes the form of a suffix.
Danish keyboard with keys for Æ, Ø, and Å

Danish (dansk, dansk sprog ) is a North Germanic language spoken by about six million people, principally in Denmark, as well as Greenland (about 10% of the population speak Danish as their first language owing to immigration), the Faroe Islands, and the northern German region of Southern Schleswig, where it has minority language status.

Minor Danish-speaking communities are also found in Norway, Sweden, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Argentina.

Location of Bornholm in Region Hovedstaden.


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Location of Bornholm in Region Hovedstaden.
Hammershus Ruin.
Windmill in Gudhjem, Bornholm
An 1877 windmill at Årsdale
Rønne, Bornholm.
Ferry routes to and from Bornholm
Bornholm and Christiansø hundreds and 5 municipalities (1970–2002) in green colour and 21 municipalities before 1 April 1970
Parishes in Church of Denmark numbered
Unofficial flag of Bornholm (the tourist flag).
Unofficial flag of Bornholm. Dannebrog is clearly visible with the green cross inserted in the white cross.
Old coat of arms of Bornholm.
Aerial view of Bornholm
Enlargeable, detailed map of Bornholm
Landsat satellite photo
Østerlars Church, one of Bornholm's four round churches
Ruins of Hammershus, a medieval fortress
Kristian Zahrtmann
Michael Ancher, self-portrait 1902
Vilhelm Herold as Lohengrin
Pia Ranslet
Hans Peter Kofoed
Magnus Cort

Bornholm is a Danish island in the Baltic Sea, to the east of the rest of Denmark, south of Sweden, northeast of Germany and north of Poland.


Treaty of Roskilde

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The peace banquet (Fredstaffelet) at Frederiksborg Castle following the signing of the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658

The Treaty of Roskilde (concluded on 26 February (OS), or 8 March 1658) (NS) during the Second Northern War between Frederick III of Denmark–Norway and Karl X Gustav of Sweden in the Danish city of Roskilde.

The immediate cession of the Norwegian province of Bohuslän (Båhuslen) to Sweden. This effectively secured for Sweden unrestricted access to western trade.


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The peace stone in Brömsebro is not a runestone even if it looks like one. The stone was made in 1915 to commemorate the peace between Denmark and Sweden and the text is written with Latin letters. The text on the stone says "Memory of the peace in Brömsebro – Gaspard Coignet de La Thuilerie – Axel Oxenstierna – Corfitz Ulfeldt". The three named persons were the negotiators. Thuilerie was an ambassador from France, Oxenstierna represented Sweden and Ulfeldt represented Denmark.

Halland is one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap), on the western coast of Götaland, southern Sweden.

As part of the Scanian lands (then part of the Kingdom of Denmark) Halland came under the Scanian Law and participated in the Scanian Thing, one of three Things electing the Danish king.

Kalmar Union

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The Kalmar Union, c. 1400
The Kalmar Union, c. 1400

The Kalmar Union (Danish, Norwegian, and Kalmarunionen; Finnish: Kalmarin unioni; Unio Calmariensis) was a personal union in Scandinavia, agreed at Kalmar in Sweden, that from 1397 to 1523 joined under a single monarch the three kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden (then including most of present-day Finland), and Norway, together with Norway's overseas colonies (then including Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and the Northern Isles of Orkney and Shetland).


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Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
Denmark–Norway and its possessions, c. 1800
Map of Denmark–Norway, c. 1780
The Carta marina, an early map of the Nordic countries, made around the end of the Kalmar Union and the start of Denmark–Norway
Christian IV of Denmark
Naval battle between the frigate and Norwegian gunboats near Bergen in 1808
The Treaty of Brömsebro, 1645:
The provinces of Jemtland, Herjedalen, Idre & Serna and the Baltic Sea islands of Gotland and Ösel, which were ceded to Sweden
The province of Halland, ceded for 30 years
The Treaty of Roskilde, 1658:
Halland, occupied by Sweden for a 30-year period under the terms of the Peace of Brömsebro negotiated in 1645, was now ceded.
The Scanian lands and Båhus County were ceded.
Trøndelag and Bornholm provinces, which were ceded in 1658, but which rebelled against Sweden and returned to Danish-Norwegian rule in 1660

Denmark–Norway (Danish and Norwegian: Danmark–Norge), also known as the Dano-Norwegian Realm (Det dansk-norske rige), Twin Realms (Tvillingerigerne) or the Oldenburg Monarchy (Oldenburg-monarkiet), was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real union consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including the then Norwegian overseas possessions: the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, and other possessions), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.

Denmark, Norway, and Sweden established and formed the Kalmar Union in 1397.

Nordic countries

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The Nordic countries (also known as the Nordics or Norden; lit. 'the North') are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic.

The Nordic countries (also known as the Nordics or Norden; lit. 'the North') are a geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic.

Nordic flags
Effigy of Queen Margaret, founder and ruler of the Kalmar Union
Kalmar Union, c. 1400
Nordic prime ministers at the Nordic Council meeting in 2014 in Stockholm
Satellite map of the European part of the Nordic countries, except for Jan Mayen and Svalbard
The Öresund Bridge between Malmö in Sweden and Copenhagen in Denmark
Share of total area in the Nordic countries in 2012
The exclusive economic zones and territorial waters of the Kingdom of Denmark
Average temperatures in the capitals of the Nordic countries in 2012
Signing the Helsinki Treaty in 1962
Nordic Council in session at the Parliament of Norway in 2007
Vigdís Finnbogadóttir served as the fourth President of Iceland from 1980 to 1996 and was the world's first democratically elected female head of state
Copenhagen Central Station with S-Trains
GDP per capita of the Nordic sovereign states in USD from 1990 to 2017
Statfjord oil platform in Norway is owned and operated by Equinor, which is the largest company in the Nordic countries
The Port of Gothenburg is the largest port in the Nordic countries.
During the recent years, Denmark has invested heavily in windfarms
Population density map of the Nordic countries (1996)
Historical reenactment of a farmer wedding in Jomala, Åland
Sami man at Honningsvåg, Norway, wearing the traditional Gákti
Faroese folk dancers in national costumes
ABBA is one of the best-selling music artists of all time
Søren Kierkegaard is considered to be the first existentialist philosopher
Swedish author Astrid Lindgren together with Finnish author Tove Jansson in Stockholm in 1958
Flag of Åland
Nordic countries (orange and red) and Scandinavian countries (red)
The Barents Region
A satellite photograph of Northern Europe
The North Germanic languages in the Nordic countries
The Finnic languages in Northern Europe
The Sami languages in Northern Europe
Share of total population of the Nordic countries by country in January 2013
Life expectancy at birth in the Nordic countries in 2012
Marriages and divorces in the Nordic countries in 2012
Immigrants in the Nordic countries in 2012
{{flagicon|DEN}} Vilhelm Hammershøi
{{flagicon|FIN}} Helene Schjerfbeck
{{flagicon|ISL}} Þórarinn B. Þorláksson
{{flagicon|NOR}} Edvard Munch
{{flagicon|SWE}} August Strindberg
{{flagicon|FAR}} Díðrikur á Skarvanesi
Vote percentage over time of the main social democratic parties in Denmark, Finland, Sweden and Norway.
Labour Party (Norway)
Swedish Social Democratic Party 
Social Democrats (Denmark)
Social Democratic Party of Finland

It includes the sovereign states of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden; the autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland; and the autonomous region of Åland.

September 2015 view from an aeroplane

Øresund Bridge

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September 2015 view from an aeroplane
Øresund Bridge, Øresund
Aerial photo of Øresund Bridge. In the foreground is Copenhagen Airport on the island of Amager, to the left of the bridge is the Danish island of Saltholm, and in the background, the bridge connects to Malmö.
Cross-section of the Drogden Tunnel
Satellite image of the Øresund Bridge
The bridge's full stretch between Peberholm and Malmö
View from Klagshamn
On the bridge
In the tunnel

The Öresund or Øresund Bridge (Øresundsbroen ; Öresundsbron ; hybrid name: Øresundsbron) is a combined railway and motorway bridge across the Øresund strait between Denmark and Sweden.