Dependent clause

subordinate clausesubordinate clausessubordinatedependent clausesembedded clausedependentsubordinationadjectival clauseNoun clausesclause
A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence.wikipedia
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Content clause

indirect questiondeclarative content clausedirect question
The different types of dependent clauses include content clauses (noun clauses), relative (adjectival) clauses, and adverbial clauses.
In grammar, a content clause is a subordinate clause that provides content implied or commented upon by its main clause.

Adverbial clause

adverb clause
The different types of dependent clauses include content clauses (noun clauses), relative (adjectival) clauses, and adverbial clauses.
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Relative clause

relativerelative clausesfree relative clause
The different types of dependent clauses include content clauses (noun clauses), relative (adjectival) clauses, and adverbial clauses.
A relative clause is a kind of subordinate clause that contains the element whose interpretation is provided by an antecedent on which the subordinate clause is grammatically dependent; that is, there is an anaphoric relation between the relativized element in the relative clause and antecedent on which it depends.

Clause

clausesfinite clausesubordinate clauses
A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence.
Subordinate clauses (embedded clauses, dependent clauses) are those that would be awkward or incomplete if they were alone.

Pro-drop language

pro-dropdroppedomitted
1) Like all dependent clauses, it contains a verb (and also a subject unless it is a non-finite dependent clause). However, in a pro-drop language the subject may be a zero pronoun: the pronoun may not be explicitly included because its identity is conveyed by a verbal inflection.
Colloquial and dialectal German, unlike the standard language, are also partially pro-drop; they typically allow deletion of the subject pronoun in main clauses but not in subordinate clauses.

Conditional sentence

apodosisconditionalsconditional
Conditional clause
They are so called because the validity of the main clause of the sentence is conditional on the existence of certain circumstances, which may be expressed in a dependent clause or may be understood from the context.

Subjunctive mood

subjunctivesubj.conjunctive
Subjunctive mood
Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses.

Infinitive

to''-infinitivebare infinitiveinfinitive phrase
Dependent clauses may be headed by an infinitive, gerund, or other non-finite verb form, which in linguistics is called deranked. For instance:
Here the infinitival clause to get married is contained within the finite dependent clause that Brett Favre is going to get married; this in turn is contained within another infinitival clause, which is contained in the finite independent clause (the whole sentence).

Sentence clause structure

complex sentencesimple sentencecompound sentence
A complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause.
A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause.

Independent clause

main clausematrix clausemain clauses
A complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. A dependent clause can either modify an adjacent clause or serve as a component of an independent clause.
Dependent clause

Conjunction (grammar)

conjunctionconjunctionscoordinating conjunction
One kind of dependent word is a subordinating conjunction.
Subordinating conjunctions, also called subordinators, are conjunctions that join an independent clause and a dependent clause, and also introduce adverb clauses.

Sentence (linguistics)

sentencesentencesdeclarative sentence
A dependent clause is a clause that provides a sentence element with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence.
A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause with no dependent clauses.

No Religious Test Clause

Article VI, Section 3no religious Testno religious Test shall ever be required
The No Religious Test Clause of the United States Constitution is a clause within Article VI, Clause 3.

Cleft sentence

cleftingcleftclefts
A cleft sentence is a complex sentence (one having a main clause and a dependent clause) that has a meaning that could be expressed by a simple sentence.

Non-finite clause

non-finitenonfinite clausenon-finite clauses
In linguistics, a non-finite clause is a dependent or embedded clause whose verbal chain is non-finite; for example, using Priscian's categories for Latin verb forms, in many languages we find texts with non-finite clauses containing infinitives, participles and gerunds.

English clause syntax

frontingconditional
Clauses can be classified as independent (main clauses) and dependent (subordinate clauses).

Periodic sentence

periodsPeriodperiod (rhetoric)
The periodic sentence emphasizes its main idea by placing it at the end, following all the subordinate clauses and other modifiers that support the principal idea.

English conditional sentences

first conditionalsecond conditional
The condition clause is a dependent clause, most commonly headed by the conjunction if, while the consequence is contained in the main clause of the sentence.

Hawaiian grammar

Hawaiian largely avoids subordinate clauses, and often uses a possessive construction instead.

Balancing and deranking

finite verb forms in ordinary clausesderankingordinary verb forms
In linguistics, balancing and deranking are terms used to describe the form of verbs used in various types of subordinate clauses and also sometimes in co-ordinate constructions.

Absolute construction

absoluteabsolute clauseabl. absolutes
It can be a non-finite clause that is subordinate in form and modifies an entire sentence, an adjective or possessive pronoun standing alone without a modified substantive, or a transitive verb when its object is implied but not stated.

Conditional mood

conditionalconditional tenseconditionals
The conditional mood is generally found in the independent clause (apodosis) of a conditional sentence, namely the clause that expresses the result of the condition, rather than the dependent clause (protasis) expressing the condition.

Subjunctive by attraction

The name also applies to subjunctives used when a subordinate clause is "so closely connected with an infinitive as to form an integral part of" it.

Free indirect speech

free indirect discourseindirectfree indirect style
It is as if the subordinate clause carrying the content of the indirect speech is taken out of the main clause which contains it, becoming the main clause itself.