Dephosphorylation

dephosphorylateddephosphorylatedephosphorylatesdephosphorylatingde-phosphorylation
Dephosphorylation is the removal of a phosphate (PO 4 3− ) group from an organic compound by hydrolysis.wikipedia
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Phosphorylation

phosphorylatedphosphorylatephosphorylates
Dephosphorylation and its counterpart, phosphorylation, activate and deactivate enzymes by detaching or attaching phosphoric esters and anhydrides.
Together with its counterpart, dephosphorylation, it is critical for many cellular processes in biology.

Adenosine diphosphate

ADPadenosine diphosphate (ADP)adenosine diphosphate sugars
A notable occurrence of dephosphorylation is the conversion of ATP to ADP and inorganic phosphate.
Energy transfer used by all living things is a result of dephosphorylation of ATP by enzymes known as ATPases.

Phosphate

phosphatesphosphate groupinorganic phosphate
Dephosphorylation is the removal of a phosphate (PO 4 3− ) group from an organic compound by hydrolysis. Phosphatase removes phosphate groups by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl (-OH) group.
Referred to as phosphorylation and dephosphorylation, respectively, they are important ways that energy is stored and released in living systems.

Kinase

kinaseskinase domainprotein kinase C
Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation can be used on all types of substrates, such as structural proteins, enzymes, membrane channels, signaling molecules, and other kinases and phosphatases.
Conversely, it is referred to as dephosphorylation when the phosphorylated substrate donates a phosphate group and ADP gains a phosphate group (producing a dephosphorylated substrate and the high energy molecule of ATP).

Organic compound

syntheticorganicorganic compounds
Dephosphorylation is the removal of a phosphate (PO 4 3− ) group from an organic compound by hydrolysis.

Hydrolysis

hydrolyzedhydrolysehydrolyze
Dephosphorylation is the removal of a phosphate (PO 4 3− ) group from an organic compound by hydrolysis.

Post-translational modification

posttranslational modificationpost-translational modificationspost-translational
It is a reversible post-translational modification.

Enzyme

enzymologyenzymesenzymatic
Dephosphorylation and its counterpart, phosphorylation, activate and deactivate enzymes by detaching or attaching phosphoric esters and anhydrides.

Ester

estersesterificationmonoester
Dephosphorylation and its counterpart, phosphorylation, activate and deactivate enzymes by detaching or attaching phosphoric esters and anhydrides.

Organic acid anhydride

anhydrideanhydridesacid anhydrides
Dephosphorylation and its counterpart, phosphorylation, activate and deactivate enzymes by detaching or attaching phosphoric esters and anhydrides.

Adenosine triphosphate

ATPadenosine triphosphate (ATP)adenosine 5'-triphosphate
A notable occurrence of dephosphorylation is the conversion of ATP to ADP and inorganic phosphate.

Hydrolase

hydrolaseshydrolytic enzymeshydrolytic enzyme
Dephosphorylation employs a type of hydrolytic enzyme, or hydrolase, which cleave ester bonds.

Phosphatase

phosphatasesprotein phosphatasesalkaline and acid phosphatases
The prominent hydrolase subclass used in dephosphorylation is phosphatase.

Phosphoric acid

phosphoricH 3 PO 4 orthophosphoric acid
Phosphatase removes phosphate groups by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl (-OH) group.

Hydroxy group

hydroxylhydroxyl grouphydroxy
Phosphatase removes phosphate groups by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl (-OH) group.

Edwin G. Krebs

Edwin KrebsEdwin Gerhard KrebsEd Krebs
In 1955, Edwin Krebs and Edmond Fischer used radiolabeled ATP to determine that phosphate is added to the serine residue of phosphorylase to convert it from its b to a form via phosphorylation. Edwin Krebs and Edmond Fischer won the 1992 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation.

Edmond H. Fischer

Edmond FischerEdmond Henri FischerProfessor Edmond Fischer
In 1955, Edwin Krebs and Edmond Fischer used radiolabeled ATP to determine that phosphate is added to the serine residue of phosphorylase to convert it from its b to a form via phosphorylation. Edwin Krebs and Edmond Fischer won the 1992 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Nobel PrizeNobel Prize in MedicineMedicine
Edwin Krebs and Edmond Fischer won the 1992 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation.

Amino acid

amino acidsresiduesresidue
Phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of hydroxyl groups belonging to neutral but polar amino acids such as serine, threonine, and tyrosine within specific target proteins is a fundamental part of the regulation of every physiologic process.

Photosynthesis

photosyntheticphotosynthesizephotosynthesizing
The first protein complex of the photosynthesis component light-dependent reactions is referred to as photosystem II.

Light-dependent reactions

light reactionsphotoreductionLight reaction
The first protein complex of the photosynthesis component light-dependent reactions is referred to as photosystem II.

Photosystem II

PSIIphotosystem 2PS II
The first protein complex of the photosynthesis component light-dependent reactions is referred to as photosystem II.

Helicobacter pylori

H. pyloriantibiotic-resistant ''H. pyloribacteria
In combination with Helicobacter pylori infection, peptic ulcer disease is caused by the elevated pH dephosphorylation elicits.

Tau

ΤTGreek letter Tau
The microtubule-associated protein tau is abnormally hyperphosphorylated when isolated from the brain of patients who suffer from Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's disease

AlzheimerAlzheimer’s diseaseAlzheimer disease
The microtubule-associated protein tau is abnormally hyperphosphorylated when isolated from the brain of patients who suffer from Alzheimer's disease.