Derivative (chemistry)

derivativederivativesderivedchemical derivativechemical derivativesderivatizationderivatizedanaloguesderivemonoderivative
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.wikipedia
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Semicarbazone

thiosemicarbazonesemicarbazonesthiosemicarbazones
A crystalline derivative may be prepared, such as a semicarbazone or 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (derived from aldehydes or ketones), as a simple way of verifying the identity of the original compound, assuming that a table of derivative MP values is available.
In organic chemistry, a semicarbazone is a derivative of imines formed by a condensation reaction between a ketone or aldehyde and semicarbazide.

2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine

DNPH2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone2,4-DNPs
A crystalline derivative may be prepared, such as a semicarbazone or 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (derived from aldehydes or ketones), as a simple way of verifying the identity of the original compound, assuming that a table of derivative MP values is available.
The hydrazone derivatives can also be used as evidence toward the identity of the original compound.

Structural analog

analogueanaloganalogs
In the past, derivative also meant a compound that can be imagined to arise from another compound, if one atom or group of atoms is replaced with another atom or group of atoms, but modern chemical language now uses the term structural analog for this meaning, thus eliminating ambiguity.

Derivatization

derivatisationchemical derivatizationderivate
Derivatization is a technique used in chemistry which transforms a chemical compound into a product (the reaction's derivate) of similar chemical structure, called a derivative.

Precursor (chemistry)

precursorprecursorsprecursor chemical
In biochemistry, the word is used for compounds that at least theoretically can be formed from the precursor compound.

Ketone

ketonesketoketo group
A crystalline derivative may be prepared, such as a semicarbazone or 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (derived from aldehydes or ketones), as a simple way of verifying the identity of the original compound, assuming that a table of derivative MP values is available.

Chemistry

chemistchemicalApplied Chemistry
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.

Chemical compound

compoundcompoundschemical compounds
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.

Derive

Derive (disambiguation)derived
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.

Chemical reaction

reactionchemical reactionsreactions
In chemistry, a derivative is a compound that is derived from a similar compound by a chemical reaction.

Atom

atomsatomic structureatomic
In the past, derivative also meant a compound that can be imagined to arise from another compound, if one atom or group of atoms is replaced with another atom or group of atoms, but modern chemical language now uses the term structural analog for this meaning, thus eliminating ambiguity.

Functional group

groupfunctional groupsmoiety
In the past, derivative also meant a compound that can be imagined to arise from another compound, if one atom or group of atoms is replaced with another atom or group of atoms, but modern chemical language now uses the term structural analog for this meaning, thus eliminating ambiguity.

Organic chemistry

organicorganic chemistorganic chemical
The term "structural analogue" is common in organic chemistry.

Biochemistry

biochemistbiochemicalbiological chemistry
In biochemistry, the word is used for compounds that at least theoretically can be formed from the precursor compound.

Melting point

freezing pointmelting temperaturemelting
For example, melting point (MP) analysis can assist in identification of many organic compounds.

Aldehyde

aldehydesformylformyl group
A crystalline derivative may be prepared, such as a semicarbazone or 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (derived from aldehydes or ketones), as a simple way of verifying the identity of the original compound, assuming that a table of derivative MP values is available.

Spectroscopy

spectroscopiclaser spectroscopyspectroscopist
Prior to the advent of spectroscopic analysis, such methods were widely used.

N,N-Dimethyltryptamine

DMTdimethyltryptamineN'',''N''-Dimethyltryptamine
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT or N,N-DMT) is a chemical substance that occurs in many plants and animals and which is both a derivative and a structural analog of tryptamine.

Modified starch

modified food starchmodifiedmodified corn starch
Modified starch, also called starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch to change its properties.

GABA analogue

derivative
A GABA analogue is a compound which is an analogue or derivative of the neurotransmitter gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) (the IUPAC of which is 4-aminobutanoic acid).

Artemisinin

artemisininsqinghaosua novel therapy
Artemisinin and its semisynthetic derivatives are a group of drugs used against malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum.

Gabapentinoid

Gabapentinoids
Gabapentinoids, also known as α 2 δ ligands, are a class of drugs that are derivatives of the inhibitory neurotransmitter γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) (i.e., GABA analogues) which block α 2 δ subunit-containing voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs).

Substituted amphetamine

amphetaminesamphetaminesubstituted amphetamines
Substituted amphetamines are a class of compounds based upon the amphetamine structure; it includes all derivative compounds which are formed by replacing, or substituting, one or more hydrogen atoms in the amphetamine core structure with substituents.