Destruction of cultural heritage by ISIL

destroyeddestruction of cultural heritageISIL destroyeda campaigna deliberate destruction of cultural heritage sitesa number of other cultural sitesantiquitiescampaign to destroycultural cleansingDeliberate destruction and theft of cultural heritage
Deliberate destruction and theft of cultural heritage has been conducted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant since 2014 in Iraq, Syria, and to a lesser extent in Libya.wikipedia
136 Related Articles

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

ISISISILIslamic State
Deliberate destruction and theft of cultural heritage has been conducted by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant since 2014 in Iraq, Syria, and to a lesser extent in Libya.
ISIL is widely known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, and its destruction of cultural heritage sites.

Islamic sites of Mosul

Mosque of the Prophet JonahTomb of JonahMosque and tomb of the Prophet Yunus (Jonah)
On 24 July 2014, the tomb and mosque of the prophet Jonah was destroyed with explosives.
The following mosques and shrines were destroyed by Islamic State (also known as ISIS, ISIL or Daesh) in 2014, after their takeover of the city: Prophet Yunus (also known as Jonah's Tomb); Prophet Jerjis; Mashad Yahya Abul Kassem; Prophet Seth; Prophet Daniel; Hamu-al-Qadu.

Mosul

Mosul, IraqMusulMossul
Among them were the Al-Qubba Husseiniya Mosque in Mosul, Sheikh Jawad Al-Sadiq Mosque, Mosque of Arnā’ūt, Mosque of Qado, Mosque of Askar e- Mullah and Saad Bin Aqeel Shrine in Tal Afar, Sufi Ahmed al-Rifai Shrine and tomb and Sheikh Ibrahim shrine in Mahlabiya District and the so-called Tomb of the Girl (Qabr al-Bint) in Mosul. In July 2014, ISIL destroyed one of the tombs of prophet Daniel (located in Mosul) by planted explosives.
Emboldened ISIL authorities systematically destroyed and vandalized Abrahamic cultural artifacts, such as the cross from St. Ephrem's Cathedral, the tomb of Jonah, and a statue of the Virgin Mary.

Ali ibn al-Athir

Ibn al-AthirIbn al-AthīrIbn al Athir
The Tomb of the Girl, reputed to honour a girl who died of a broken heart, was actually believed to be the tomb of medieval scholar Ali ibn al-Athir.
According to Reuters, his tomb was desecrated in Mosul by members of the al-Qaeda offshoot the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in June 2014.

Raqqa

CallinicumRaqqahRaqqa, Syria
In the Syrian city of Raqqa, ISIL publicly ordered the bulldozing of a colossal ancient Assyrian gateway lion sculpture from the 8th century BC.
Most non-Sunni religious structures in the city were destroyed by ISIL, most notably the Shi'ite Uwais al-Qarni Mosque, while others were forcibly converted into mosques.

Assyrian sculpture

Assyrian palace reliefsAssyrian artAssyrian relief
In the Syrian city of Raqqa, ISIL publicly ordered the bulldozing of a colossal ancient Assyrian gateway lion sculpture from the 8th century BC.
Many works left in situ, or in museums local to their findspots, have been deliberately destroyed in the recent occupation of the area by ISIS, the pace of destruction reportedly increasing in late 2016, with the Mosul offensive.

Tomb of Daniel

TombDaniel's Tombone of the tombs of prophet Daniel
In July 2014, ISIL destroyed one of the tombs of prophet Daniel (located in Mosul) by planted explosives.
A tomb attributed to the Prophet Daniel also was located in Mosul, Iraq, until it was demolished by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in July 2014.

Tikrit

TagritTikrit, IraqTakrit
On 24 September 2014, the Arba'een Wali Mosque and Shrine in Tikrit, containing forty tombs from the Umar era, was blown up.
On September 25, 2014, Islamist militants destroyed the Assyrian Church there that dated back to 700 AD.

Dur-Sharrukin

KhorsabadDur SharrukinAssyrian
The next day ISIL sacked Dur-Sharrukin, according to a Kurdish official from Mosul, Saeed Mamuzini.
On 8 March 2015 the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant reportedly started the plunder and demolition of Dur-Sharrukin, according to the Kurdish official from Mosul Saeed Mamuzini.

Mosul Museum

On 26 February 2015, ISIL released a video showing the destruction of various ancient artifacts in the Mosul Museum.
On 26 February 2015, a day after burning books from Mosul libraries, the group released a video showing the destruction of artifacts in the museum and at the archaeological site at Nimrud, claiming the sites promoted "Idolatry".

Lion of Al-lāt

Lion of Al-LatLion of Al-lāt statue
On 27 June 2015, however, ISIL demolished the ancient Lion of Al-lāt statue in Palmyra.
On 27 June 2015, it was severely damaged by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant after it had captured Palmyra.

List of destroyed heritage

List of destroyed heritage § Argentina
Deliberate and systematic destruction of cultural heritage, such as that carried out by ISIL, is regarded as a form of cultural genocide.

Armenian Genocide Memorial Church, Der Zor

Armenian Genocide Memorial ChurchArmenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial ChurchArmenian Genocide Martyrs' Memorial Church-Complex
The Armenian Genocide Memorial Church in Deir ez-Zor, Syria was blown up by ISIL militants on 21 September 2014.

Irina Bokova

Irena BokovaIrina Georgieva BokovaIrina Bukova
UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova called the destructions in Mosul a violation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2199, and the destruction of Nimrud a war crime.
The campaign was triggered by the programmatic destruction of cultural heritage conducted in Iraq and Syria by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) since 2014, in particular after the circulation of videos of looting at Mosul Museum, destruction in the city of Nimrud and the UNESCO World Heritage site of Hatra.

Nineveh

NinevahNinivehKouyunjik
In January 2015, ISIL reportedly destroyed large parts of the Nineveh Wall in al-Tahrir neighborhood of Mosul.
On July 24, 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant destroyed the shrine as part of a campaign to destroy religious sanctuaries it deems "un-Islamic."

Monastery of Saint Elijah

Dair Mar Eliamonastery of Mar EliyaSt. Elijah's Monastery
The militant group destroyed the monastery sometime between 27 August and 28 September 2014, along with a number of other cultural sites.

Palmyra offensive (March 2016)

recapture of PalmyraPalmyra offensiveBattle of Palmyra
When Palmyra was recaptured by Syrian government forces in March 2016, retreating ISIL fighters blew up parts of the 13th-century Palmyra Castle, causing extensive damage.

Hatra

Al-hadar
The affected artifacts originate from the Assyrian era and from the ancient city of Hatra.
In early 2015 they announced their intention to destroy many artifacts, claiming that such "graven images" were un-Islamic, encouraged shirk (or polytheism), and could not be permitted to exist, despite the preservation of the site for 1,400 years by various Islamic regimes.

Arslan Tash

HadatuArslan Tashî
Both statues originated from the Arslan Tash archaeological site.

Nimrud

KalhuCalahKalaḫ
On 5 March 2015, ISIL reportedly started the demolition of Nimrud, an Assyrian city from the 13th century BC.
ISIL destroyed other holy sites, including the Mosque of the Prophet Jonah in Mosul.

Bash Tapia Castle

On 8 April 2015, the Iraqi Ministry of Tourism reported that ISIL destroyed the remnants of the 12th-century Bash Tapia Castle in Mosul.
According to reports by the Iraqi Ministry of Tourism, the castle was blown up by ISIL in April 2015, making it one of many heritage sites destroyed by that group.

Temple of Baalshamin

BaalshaminTemples of Baalshamin
On 23 August 2015, it was reported that ISIL had blown up the 1st-century Temple of Baalshamin.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2199

Resolution 21992199
UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova called the destructions in Mosul a violation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2199, and the destruction of Nimrud a war crime.
The resolution also condemned the destruction of cultural heritage by ISIL and the Al-Nusrah Front.

Dura-Europos

Dura EuroposDuraDura-Europas
ISIL has also looted and demolished the Parthian/Roman city of Dura-Europos in east of Syria.

Destruction of early Islamic heritage sites in Saudi Arabia

destroyedalteredcampaign of demolishing many of the traditional Islamic heritage sites