Detective

Allan Pinkerton, in 1850, was a detective of the Chicago Police Department and, in 1851, the founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency. Photograph circa 1861.
H Division, of police detectives, including Frederick Abberline (left, with cane), at Leman Street police station, of the London Metropolitan Police, two years before the Jack the Ripper serial killer murders of 1888. Photograph circa 1886
Edward Bonney, an American bounty hunter and amateur detective, from Iowa, in 1845, infiltrated, the "Banditti of the Prairie", wrote the 1850 book, The Banditti of the Prairies: or, The murderer's doom, a tale of Mississippi Valley and the Far West; woodcut from 1850.
Detective escorting gangster Meyer Lansky to the 54th Street police station in New York City in 1958

Investigator, usually a member of a law enforcement agency.

- Detective
Allan Pinkerton, in 1850, was a detective of the Chicago Police Department and, in 1851, the founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency. Photograph circa 1861.

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German state police officer in Hamburg

Police officer

Warranted law employee of a police force.

Warranted law employee of a police force.

German state police officer in Hamburg
Carnival 2010 on the day of Donetsk, Ukrainian female police officer on duty.
The New York Police Department (NYPD) represents the largest police force in the United States, with an authorized uniformed police officer strength of 38,442 as of 2018.
A Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer in the force's distinctive dress uniform
Mounted Tourist-Police officers in Petra, Jordan
Officers of the Polizia Municipale from Piacenza, Italy

Dependent upon each agency, but generally after completing two years of service, officers may apply for specialist positions, such as detective, police dog handler, mounted police officer, motorcycle officer, water police officer, or firearms officer (in countries where police are not routinely armed).

1859 illustration of Vidocq arresting a robber, after tracking him down

Private investigator

Person who can be hired by individuals, groups or NGOs to undertake investigatory law services.

Person who can be hired by individuals, groups or NGOs to undertake investigatory law services.

1859 illustration of Vidocq arresting a robber, after tracking him down
Logo of the Pinkerton National Detective Agency
A 1904 illustration of Sherlock Holmes, arguably the world's most famous fictional private detective.

As per the Ontario text of the Private Security and Investigative Services Act of 2005, private investigators are forbidden from referring to themselves as detective or private detective.

Indonesian Police investigators from the criminal investigation unit

Criminal Investigation Department

Branch of a police force to which most plainclothes detectives belong in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth nations.

Branch of a police force to which most plainclothes detectives belong in the United Kingdom and many Commonwealth nations.

Indonesian Police investigators from the criminal investigation unit

The special investigation teams (特殊事件捜査係) are specialised detective units of the first investigation divisions, well acquainted with new technologies and special tactics including SWAT capabilities.

Prosecutor

Legal representative of the prosecution in states with either the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system.

Legal representative of the prosecution in states with either the common law adversarial system or the civil law inquisitorial system.

A Public Procurator is a position in the People's Republic of China, analogous to both detective and public prosecutor.

German State Police officer in Hamburg, with the rank of Polizeihauptmeister mit Zulage ('police chief master with upgraded pay')

Police

The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state, with the aim to enforce the law, to ensure the safety, health and possessions of citizens, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.

German State Police officer in Hamburg, with the rank of Polizeihauptmeister mit Zulage ('police chief master with upgraded pay')
The Santas Hermandades of medieval Spain were formed to protect pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago.
Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie, founder of the first uniformed police force in the world.
Patrick Colquhoun, founder of the Thames River Police.
Poster against "detested" Police at the town of Aberystwyth, Wales; April 1850.
A Peeler of the Metropolitan Police Service in the 1850s.
Albertine i politilægens venteværelse (1885–1887), painting by Christian Krohg.
Group portrait of policemen, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England, c. 1900.
Finnish police officers supervising the public watching the procession in honor of Helsinki's 400th anniversary on June 12, 1950.
Police motorcycles are commonly used for patrols and escorts, as seen here in Australia
Brazil's National Public Security Force (Força Nacional de Segurança Pública)
Policemen on patrol in Khaki uniform in the Greater Chennai Police patrol car in India.
A Deputy U.S. Marshal covers his fellow officers with an M4 carbine during a "knock-and-announce" procedure
Jeremy Bentham, philosopher who advocated for the establishment of preventive police forces and influenced the reforms of Sir Robert Peel.
Brazilian Federal Highway Police at work.
Uniformed police officers of the West Midlands Police in the United Kingdom
Unmarked police cars may be used by detectives or officers to carry out their duties unnoticed by the public, pictured here in Sydney, Australia
The National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) headquarters building in Tikkurila, Vantaa, Finland
SWAT team members
Russian Military Police officers
Two members of the Taliban religious police (Amr bil Ma-roof, or department for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice) beating a woman for removing her burqa in public.
Armed Police Corps in Yerevan, Armenia, during the Velvet Revolution
A Ford Crown Victoria, one of the most recognizable models of American police car. This unit belongs to US Capitol Police.
A General Directorate of Security riot control officer uses force on a protester in Gezi Park protests, Turkey.
Bike cops surrounding protesters during a demonstration in the U.S.
A wreath laying team from the Armenian Police's Honour Guard Battalion at Tsitsernakaberd.
Albertine i politilægens venteværelse (1885–1887), painting by Christian Krohg.
A police car in Utrecht, Netherlands

Police forces include both preventive (uniformed) police and detectives.

Consulting detective Sherlock Holmes examines a suspect's boots in an illustration to the 1891 story "The Boscombe Valley Mystery"

Detective fiction

Consulting detective Sherlock Holmes examines a suspect's boots in an illustration to the 1891 story "The Boscombe Valley Mystery"
Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849)
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Wilkie Collins (1824–1889)
Arthur Conan Doyle (1859–1930)
Agatha Christie (1890–1976)
Mika Waltari (1908–1979), better known for his historical novels, also wrote crime novels such as Inspector Palmus.
Estonian writer Indrek Hargla is known for his Melchior the Apothecary series, which takes place in medieval Tallinn and has also been adapted into films

Detective fiction is a subgenre of crime fiction and mystery fiction in which an investigator or a detective—either professional, amateur or retired—investigates a crime, often murder.

Comic books on display at a museum, depicting how they would have been displayed at a rail station store in the first half of the 20th century.

Comic book

Publication that consists of comics art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.

Publication that consists of comics art in the form of sequential juxtaposed panels that represent individual scenes.

Comic books on display at a museum, depicting how they would have been displayed at a rail station store in the first half of the 20th century.
A common comic-book cover format displays the issue number, date, price and publisher along with an illustration and cover copy that may include a story's title.
René Goscinny (1926–1977), writer of the Astérix comic book series.
Cover to 27 December 1884 edition of Ally Sloper's Half Holiday. Ally Sloper is regarded as the first recurring character in comics.
Statue of Minnie the Minx, a character from The Beano, in Dundee, Scotland. Launched in 1938, The Beano is known for its anarchic humour, with Dennis the Menace appearing on the cover.
Hugo Pratt (1927–1995), author of the Corto Maltese comic book series.

By the 1980s, several independent publishers – such as Pacific, Eclipse, First, Comico, and Fantagraphics – had started releasing a wide range of styles and formats—from color-superhero, detective, and science-fiction comic books to black-and-white magazine-format stories of Latin American magical realism.

Theatrical release poster

The Birth of a Nation

1915 American silent epic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

1915 American silent epic drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.

Theatrical release poster
Film's portrayal of John Wilkes Booth assassinating President Abraham Lincoln
Hooded Klansmen catch Gus, portrayed in blackface by white actor Walter Long.
Raoul Walsh as John Wilkes Booth
Griffith (left) on the set of The Birth of a Nation with actor Henry Walthall (center) and others
Sheet music for "The Perfect Song", one of the themes Breil composed for the film.
Poster and advertisement of The Birth of a Nation on the second week of release. It includes preview images from the film.
A quote from Woodrow Wilson's History of the American People is included in the film's intertitles.
A 1916 newspaper advertisement announcing the film's screening in El Paso, Texas
Newspaper editor and activist William Monroe Trotter led a demonstration against the film, which resulted in a riot.
The scene where Flora flees into the forest (pictured) pursued by the black character Gus, moved a viewer to fire shots at the screen to help her.
Roger Ebert deemed The Birth of a Nation "a great film that argues for evil".
The character of Congressman Stoneman in the film is similar to Thaddeus Stevens (pictured).

The producers had 15 "detectives" at the Liberty Theater in New York City "to prevent disorder on the part of those who resent the 'reconstruction period' episodes depicted."

Allan Pinkerton, in 1850, was a detective of the Chicago Police Department and, in 1851, the founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency. Photograph circa 1861.

Inspector Morse

Allan Pinkerton, in 1850, was a detective of the Chicago Police Department and, in 1851, the founder of the Pinkerton Detective Agency. Photograph circa 1861.

Detective Chief Inspector Endeavour Morse, GM, is the eponymous fictional character in the series of detective novels by British author Colin Dexter.

Dalton in 1931

Emmett Dalton

American outlaw, train robber and member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West.

American outlaw, train robber and member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West.

Dalton in 1931

In 1954, the actor Robert Bray played Emmett Dalton in the episode "The Dalton Gang" of the syndicated western television series, Stories of the Century, starring Jim Davis as fictitious Southwestern Railroad detective Matt Clark.