Devanagari

DevanāgarīDevanagari scriptDevnagariDevanagriNagariDevnagriDevanāgariDevnagari script
Devanagari (देवनागरी, Sanskrit pronunciation: ), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी), is a left-to-right abugida (alphasyllabary), based on the ancient Brāhmī script, used in the Indian subcontinent.wikipedia
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Pali

PāliPali languagePāḷi
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Pali (Devanagari: पालि) or Magadhan''' is a Middle Indo-Aryan liturgical language native to the Indian subcontinent.

Hindi

Hindi languageHindi-languageStandard Hindi
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी, IAST/ISO 15919: Hindī) or Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: मानक हिन्दी, IAST/ISO 15919: Mānak Hindī), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in India and across the Indian subcontinent.

Prakrit

Jain PrakritPrakritsPrakrit language
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
The Prakrits (Early Brahmi 𑀧𑁆𑀭𑀸𑀓𑁆𑀭𑀺𑀢, prākṛta, Devanagari प्राकृत, ; ; ) are any of several Middle Indo-Aryan languages formerly used in India.

Abugida

abugidasalphasyllabaryalphasyllabaries
Devanagari (देवनागरी, Sanskrit pronunciation: ), also called Nagari (Nāgarī, नागरी), is a left-to-right abugida (alphasyllabary), based on the ancient Brāhmī script, used in the Indian subcontinent.
In the latter case, the fact of combination may be indicated by a diacritic on one of the consonants or a change in the form of one of the consonants, e.g. the half forms of Devanagari.

Chhattisgarhi language

ChhattisgarhiLariaSurgujiha
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Chhattisgarhi (Devanagari: छत्तीसगढ़ी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 18 million people in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.

Rajasthani language

RajasthaniRajasthani languagesdialects of Rajasthani
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Rajasthani (Devanagari: राजस्थानी) refers to a group of Indo-Aryan languages and dialects spoken primarily in the state of Rajasthan

Haryanvi language

HaryanviHaryanaviBangru
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Haryanvi (हरियाणवी ' or हरयाणवी ') is a dialect/language of the Western Hindi group and it is written in Devanagari script.

Newar language

Nepal BhasaNewariNewar
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Although "Nepal Bhasa" literally means "Nepalese language", the language is not the same as Nepali (Devanāgarī: नेपाली), the country's current official language.

Nāgarī script

Nagari scriptNāgarīNagari
Devanagari is a compound of "deva" देव and "nāgarī" नागरी.
The Nāgarī script is the ancestor of Devanagari, Nandinagari and other variants, and was first used to write Prakrit and Sanskrit.

Maithili language

MaithiliMaithaliBhojpuri
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Today it is written in the Devanagari script.

Gurmukhi

PunjabiPunjabi (Gurmukhi)Gurmukhi script
In a cursory look, the Devanagari script appears different from other Indic scripts such as Bengali, Odia or Gurmukhi, but a closer examination reveals they are very similar except for angles and structural emphasis.
After 1948, when Himachal Pradesh was established as an administrative unit, the local Takri variants were replaced by Devanagari.

Mundari language

MundariMundaBhumij
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
It has also been written in the Devanagari, Odia, Bengali, and Latin writing systems.

Digraphia

digraphicSynchronic digraphiabialphabetic
Medieval inscriptions suggest widespread diffusion of the Nagari-related scripts, with biscripts presenting local script along with the adoption of Nagari scripts.
Urdu (Arabic script) and Hindi (Devanagari) are considered the 'textbook examples' for digraphia, specifically synchronic.

Dogri language

DogriDogradoi
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
It is now more commonly written in Devanagari in India, and in the Nastaʿliq form of Perso-Arabic in Pakistan and Pakistani-administered Kashmir.

List of writing systems

adopted writing systemsFictional alphabetfifth most widely used writing system
The Devanagari script, composed of 47 primary characters including 14 vowels and 33 consonants, is one of the most adopted writing systems in the world, being used for over 120 languages.

Bodo language

BodoBoroMech language
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Since 1963, the language has been written using the Devanagari script.

Nandinagari

The Devanagari script is closely related to the Nandinagari script commonly found in numerous ancient manuscripts of South India, and it is distantly related to a number of southeast Asian scripts.
It is a sister script to Devanāgarī, which is common in other parts of India.

Odia script

OdiaOriyaOdia alphabet
In a cursory look, the Devanagari script appears different from other Indic scripts such as Bengali, Odia or Gurmukhi, but a closer examination reveals they are very similar except for angles and structural emphasis.
However it appears to have been replaced with the Devanagari script.

Sanskrit

Sanskrit languageClassical SanskritSkt.
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
The Nagari script is the ancestor of Devanagari (north India), Nandinagari (south India) and other variants.

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
Deva means "heavenly or divine" and is also one of the terms for a deity in Hinduism.
Kāma (Sanskrit, Pali; Devanagari: काम) means desire, wish, passion, longing, pleasure of the senses, the aesthetic enjoyment of life, affection, or love, with or without sexual connotations.

Gupta script

GuptaGupta Brahmia Cursive Gupta script
It is a descendant of the 3rd century BCE Brahmi script through the Gupta script, along with Siddham and Sharada.
These scripts in turn gave rise to many of the most important scripts of India, including Devanāgarī (the most common script used for writing Sanskrit since the 19th century), the Gurmukhī script for Punjabi Language, the Bengali-Assamese script, and the Tibetan script.

Brahmic scripts

Indic scriptsBrahmicBrahmic family
In a cursory look, the Devanagari script appears different from other Indic scripts such as Bengali, Odia or Gurmukhi, but a closer examination reveals they are very similar except for angles and structural emphasis.

Kashmiri language

KashmiriKoshurHindi
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
There are three orthographical systems used to write the Kashmiri language: the Sharada script, the Devanagari script and the Perso-Arabic script.

Marathi language

MarathiMarathi-languageMarāthi
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Carey's dictionary had fewer entries and Marathi words were in Devanagari.

Nepali language

NepaliNepaleseKhas language
Among the languages using it – as either their only script or one of their scripts – are Pāḷi, Sanskrit, Hindi, Nepali, Sherpa, Prakrit, Apabhramsha, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha, Chhattisgarhi, Haryanvi, Magahi, Nagpuri, Rajasthani, Bhili, Dogri, Marathi, Maithili, Kashmiri, Konkani, Sindhi, Bodo, Nepalbhasa, Mundari and Santali.
Nepali is written in Devanagari script.