Developing country

developing countriesdeveloping worlddeveloping nationsDeveloping/Emergingdeveloping nationdevelopingless developed countriesdeveloping economiesunderdeveloped countrieslow-income countries
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Frontier markets

frontier marketFrontierfrontier" market
Developing countries include, in decreasing order of economic growth or size of the capital market: newly industrialized countries, emerging markets, frontier markets, Least Developed Countries.
A frontier market is a type of developing country which is more developed than the least developing countries, but too small, risky, or illiquid to be generally considered an emerging market.

Energy poverty

energy accessdisconnected from electricityEnergy
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
It refers to the situation of large numbers of people in developing countries and some people in developed countries whose well-being is negatively affected by very low consumption of energy, use of dirty or polluting fuels, and excessive time spent collecting fuel to meet basic needs.

Neglected tropical diseases

neglected tropical diseaseneglected diseasesneglected disease
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of tropical infections which are common in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Newly industrialized country

newly industrialized countriesnewly industrialised countrynewly industrialised
Developing countries include, in decreasing order of economic growth or size of the capital market: newly industrialized countries, emerging markets, frontier markets, Least Developed Countries.
They represent a subset of developing countries whose economic growth is much higher than other developing countries; and where the social consequences of industrialization, such as urbanization, are reorganizing society.

Indoor air pollution in developing nations

Indoor air pollutioncauses harmful local air pollutiondeadly effects of smoke inhalation
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
Three billion people in developing countries across the globe rely on biomass, in the form of wood, charcoal, dung, and crop residue, as their domestic cooking fuel.

Climate change adaptation

adaptationAdaptation to global warmingclimate adaptation
Effects of global warming (climate change) are expected to impact developing countries more than wealthier countries, as most of them have a high "climate vulnerability".
Adaptation is especially important in developing countries since those countries are predicted to bear the brunt of the effects of global warming.

International development

developmentglobal developmentdevelopment cooperation
Development aid or development cooperation is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social and political development of developing countries.
It is the basis for international classifications such as developed country, developing country and least developed country, and for a field of practice and research that in various ways engages with international development processes.

Development aid

development cooperationtechnical assistancedevelopment assistance
Development aid or development cooperation is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social and political development of developing countries.
Development aid or development cooperation (also development assistance, technical assistance, international aid, overseas aid, official development assistance (ODA), or foreign aid) is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social, and political development of developing countries.

Sanitation

sanitaryunsanitarypublic sanitation
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
This is particularly applicable to developing countries.

Family planning

family-planningeducation and accessfamily planning clinic
Often, there is also widespread poverty, low education levels, inadequate access to family planning services, corruption at all government levels and a lack of so-called good governance.
About 99% of maternal deaths occur in less developed countries; less than one half occur in sub-Saharan Africa and almost a third in South Asia.

Sustainable Development Goals

2030 Agenda for Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Development GoalSDGs
The Sustainable Development Goals by the United Nations were set up to help overcome many of these problems.
Women make up about 43% of the agricultural labor force in developing countries, and over 50% in parts of Asia and Africa.

Poverty

poorlow-incomeindigent
Often, there is also widespread poverty, low education levels, inadequate access to family planning services, corruption at all government levels and a lack of so-called good governance.
The proportion of the developing world's population living in extreme economic poverty fell from 28 percent in 1990 to 21 percent in 2001.

Water pollution

pollutionpollutedwater
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
In addition to the acute problems of water pollution in developing countries, developed countries also continue to struggle with pollution problems.

Landlocked developing countries

Fifth WorldLand-Locked Developing Countrieslandlocked
Landlocked developing countries (LLDC) are developing countries that are landlocked.

Emerging market

emerging marketsemerging economiesemerging countries
Developing countries include, in decreasing order of economic growth or size of the capital market: newly industrialized countries, emerging markets, frontier markets, Least Developed Countries.
The term "frontier market" is used for developing countries with smaller, riskier, or more illiquid capital markets than "emerging".

World Bank high-income economy

High-income economyhigh-incomehigh-income countries
Thus, a high-income country may be classified as either developed or developing.

Developed market

Developedadvanced marketsdeveloped countries
This term is contrasted with developing market (Emerging markets and frontier markets are types of developing markets).

Hygiene

hygienistpersonal hygienehygienic
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
In developing countries, universal access to water and sanitation has been seen as the essential step in reducing the preventable infectious diseases burden, but it is now clear that this is best achieved by programs that integrate hygiene promotion with improvements in water quality and availability, and sanitation.

Corruption

corruptsystemic corruptionanti-corruption
Often, there is also widespread poverty, low education levels, inadequate access to family planning services, corruption at all government levels and a lack of so-called good governance.
Governmental corruption of judiciary is broadly known in many transitional and developing countries because the budget is almost completely controlled by the executive.

World Bank

The World BankIBRDWorld Bank Group
In the 2016 edition of its World Development Indicators, the World Bank made a decision to no longer distinguish between "developed" and "developing" countries in the presentation of its data, considering the two-category distinction outdated.
From 1974 to 1980 the bank concentrated on meeting the basic needs of people in the developing world.

Heavily indebted poor countries

Highly Indebted Poor CountriesHIPCHeavily Indebted Poor Country
The heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) are a group of 37 developing countries with high levels of poverty and debt overhang which are eligible for special assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.

Third World

third-worldthird world countriesdeveloping world
Over the past few decades since the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the term Third World has been used interchangeably with developing countries, but the concept has become outdated in recent years as it no longer represents the current political or economic state of the world.
During the Cold War, the term Third World referred to the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, the nations not aligned with either the First World or the Second World.

Aid

foreign aidinternational aidfood aid
Development aid or development cooperation is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic, environmental, social and political development of developing countries.
Development aid is aid given to support development in general which can be economic development or social development in developing countries.

Least Developed Countries

least developed countryLDCsLeast-Developed Countries
Developing countries include, in decreasing order of economic growth or size of the capital market: newly industrialized countries, emerging markets, frontier markets, Least Developed Countries.
The Least Developed Countries (LDCs) is a list of developing countries that, according to the United Nations, exhibit the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

Pollution

pollutedenvironmental pollutionpollution control
For example, with regards to health risks, they commonly have: low levels of access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene; energy poverty; high levels of pollution (e.g. air pollution, indoor air pollution, water pollution); high proportion of people with tropical and infectious diseases (neglected tropical diseases); high number of road traffic accidents; and generally poor infrastructure.
Water pollution causes approximately 14,000 deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated sewage in developing countries.