Diary

diaristjournaldiariesjournalspersonal journaljournalingDiaries and Journalsdiary entriesaudio diarydiaristic
A diary is a record (originally in handwritten format) with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period.wikipedia
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Ned Rorem

RoremRorem, Ned
In recent years, however, there is internal evidence in some diaries (e.g. those of Ned Rorem, Alan Clark, Tony Benn or Simon Gray) that they are written with eventual publication in mind, with the intention of self-vindication (pre- or posthumous), or simply for profit.
Ned Rorem (born October 23, 1923 ) is an American composer and diarist.

Tony Benn

Anthony Wedgwood BennBenniteAnthony Wedgewood Benn
In recent years, however, there is internal evidence in some diaries (e.g. those of Ned Rorem, Alan Clark, Tony Benn or Simon Gray) that they are written with eventual publication in mind, with the intention of self-vindication (pre- or posthumous), or simply for profit.
Anthony Neil Wedgwood Benn (3 April 1925 – 14 March 2014) was a British politician, writer, and diarist.

Blog

blogsbloggerweblog
By extension the term diary is also used to mean a printed publication of a written diary; and may also refer to other terms of journal including electronic formats (e.g. blogs). Web-based services such as Open Diary (started in October 1998) and LiveJournal (January 1999) soon appeared to streamline and automate online publishing, but growth in personal storytelling came with the emergence of blogs.
A blog (a truncation of "weblog") is a discussion or informational website published on the World Wide Web consisting of discrete, often informal diary-style text entries (posts).

Diary (stationery)

diaryappointment booka preprinted journal format
In British English, the word may also denote a preprinted journal format.
In stationery, a Diary (UK & Commonwealth English), Datebook, Appointment Book, Planner or Agenda (American English) is a small book containing a main diary section with a space for each day of the year with room for notes, a calendar, and usually various pages at the beginning and end containing various pieces of reference information, which may include maps and telephone codes, and pages for a short address book at the end.

Gregorio Dati

Goro DatiGregorio
Famous 14th- to 16th-century Renaissance examples, which appeared much later as books, were the diaries by the Florentines Buonaccorso Pitti and Gregorio Dati and the Venetian Marino Sanuto the Younger.
Gregorio (Goro) Dati (15 April 1362 – 17 September 1435) was a Florentine merchant and diarist best known for the authorship of The Diaries of Gregorio Dati, which represents a major source for the social and economic historians of the Renaissance Florence, alongside the diaries of Buonaccorso Pitti.

Samuel Pepys

PepysDiary of Samuel PepysDiary
Samuel Pepys (1633–1703) is the earliest diarist who is well known today; his diaries, preserved in Magdalene College, Cambridge, were first transcribed and published in 1825.
Samuel Pepys (23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an administrator of the navy of England and Member of Parliament who is most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man.

John Evelyn

EvelynMary EvelynSir John Evelyn
Pepys' contemporary John Evelyn also kept a notable diary, and their works are among the most important primary sources for the English Restoration period, and consist of eyewitness accounts of many great events, such as the Great Plague of London, and the Great Fire of London.
John Evelyn, FRS (31 October 1620 – 27 February 1706) was an English writer, gardener and diarist.

Arabic literature

literatureArabicArab literature
In the medieval Near East, Arabic diaries were written from before the 10th century.
In the medieval Near East, Arabic diaries were first being written from before the 10th century, though the medieval diary which most resembles the modern diary was that of Ibn Banna in the 11th century.

Smythson

Frank Smythson LimitedSmythson of Bond Street
In 1908 the Smythson company created the first featherweight diary, enabling diaries to be carried about.
Frank Smythson Ltd., more simply known as Smythson, of Bond Street is a British manufacturer of luxury stationery, leather goods, diaries, and fashion products based in London, England.

Henry Crabb Robinson

Crabb Robinson
As examples, the Grasmere Journal of Dorothy Wordsworth (1771–1855) was published in 1897; the Journals of Fanny Burney (1752–1840) were published in 1889; the diaries of Henry Crabb Robinson (1776–1867) were published in 1869.
Henry Crabb Robinson (13 May 1775 – 5 February 1867 ) was an English lawyer, remembered as a diarist.

George Templeton Strong

Strong
Among important U.S. Civil War diaries are those of George Templeton Strong, a New York City lawyer, and Mary Chesnut, the wife of a Confederate officer.
George Templeton Strong (January 26, 1820 – July 21, 1875) was an American lawyer and diarist.

Primary source

primary sourcesprimaryprimary documents
Pepys' contemporary John Evelyn also kept a notable diary, and their works are among the most important primary sources for the English Restoration period, and consist of eyewitness accounts of many great events, such as the Great Plague of London, and the Great Fire of London.
A primary source such as a journal entry (or the online version, a blog), at best, may only reflect one individual's opinion on events, which may or may not be truthful, accurate, or complete.

The Diary of a Young Girl

The Diary of Anne FrankDiary of Anne Frankdiary
One of the most famous modern diaries, widely read and translated, is the posthumously published The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank, who wrote it while in hiding during the German occupation of Amsterdam in the 1940s.
The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.

Anaïs Nin

Anais NinAnaïs
The writing of diaries was also often practiced from the 20th century onwards as a conscious act of self-exploration (of greater or lesser sincerity) – examples being the diaries of Carl Jung, Aleister Crowley and Anaïs Nin.
Beginning at age eleven, Nin wrote journals prolifically for six decades and even up until her death.

My Opposition

diary10-volume diaryFriedrich Kellner diary
Friedrich Kellner, a court official in Nazi Germany, thought of his diary as a weapon for any future fight against tyrants and terrorism, and named it "Mein Widerstand," My Opposition.
My Opposition (Mein Widerstand) is a diary secretly written by the German social democrat Friedrich Kellner (1885–1970) during World War II to describe life under Nazi Germany and to expose the propaganda and the crimes of the Nazi dictatorship.

Memoir

memoirsmemoiristreminiscent
Although a diary may provide information for a memoir, autobiography or biography, it is generally written not with the intention of being published as it stands, but for the author's own use.

Online diary

diaryonline diaries
The first online diary is thought to be Claudio Pinhanez's "Open Diary," published at the MIT Media Lab website from 14 November 1994 until 1996.
An online diary is a personal diary or journal that is published on the World Wide Web on a personal website or a diary-hosting website.

Friedrich Kellner

Kellner, Friedrich
Friedrich Kellner, a court official in Nazi Germany, thought of his diary as a weapon for any future fight against tyrants and terrorism, and named it "Mein Widerstand," My Opposition.
During World War II, working as a civil servant at a small court house, he wrote a diary to record his observations of the Nazi regime.

LiveJournal

Live JournalDeadJournalLivejournal.com
Web-based services such as Open Diary (started in October 1998) and LiveJournal (January 1999) soon appeared to streamline and automate online publishing, but growth in personal storytelling came with the emergence of blogs.
LiveJournal, stylised as LiveJournal, is a Russian social networking service where users can keep a blog, journal or diary.

Michael Shiner

Shiner, Michael
The internet has also served as a way to bring previously unpublished diaries to the attention of historians and other readers, such as the diary of Michael Shiner, a 19th-century slave who documented his life in Washington, D.C.
Michael G. Shiner (1805–1880) was an African-American Navy Yard worker and diarist who chronicled events in Washington D.C. for more than 60 years, first as a slave and later as a free man.

Bert Diaries

BertBert LjungHeman Hunters
Other examples are the Bert Diaries and the cellphone diaries in the Japanese manga and anime television series Future Diary.
The Bert Diaries are a series of novels written in the form of a diary, by Swedish writers Anders Jacobsson and Sören Olsson.

Dracula

novelCarfax AbbeyCount Dracula
Another famous example of fictional diaries as prose is Bram Stoker's Dracula.
The story is told in an epistolary format, as a series of letters, diary entries, newspaper articles, and ships' log entries, whose narrators are the novel's protagonists, and occasionally supplemented with newspaper clippings relating events not directly witnessed.

Calendar date

datedate formatdates
A diary is a record (originally in handwritten format) with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period.

Hansard

HL DebHC Debparliamentary reports
Diaries undertaken for institutional purposes play a role in many aspects of human civilization, including government records (e.g. Hansard), business ledgers, and military records.