Dictator

dictatorialdictatorsdictatorial powersleaderdespotdictatesDictator of the Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasusdictatorial powerdictatorial regimedictatorial regimes
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.wikipedia
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Dictatorship

dictatorialdictatorshipsdictator
A dictatorship is a state ruled by one dictator or by a small clique. The term started to get its modern negative meaning with Cornelius Sulla's ascension to the dictatorship following Sulla's second civil war, making himself the first Dictator in Rome in more than a century (during which the office was ostensibly abolished) as well as de facto eliminating the time limit and need of senatorial acclamation.
Typically, in a dictatorial regime, the leader of the country is identified with the title of dictator, although their formal title may more closely resemble something similar to "leader".

Rule by decree

ruled by decreeruling by decreedecree
Dictatorships are often characterised by some of the following: suspension of elections and civil liberties; proclamation of a state of emergency; rule by decree; repression of political opponents; not abiding by the rule of law procedures, and cult of personality.
Rule by decree is a style of governance allowing quick, unchallenged promulgation of law by a single person or group, and is used primarily by dictators, absolute monarchs and military leaders.

De facto

de facto relationshipde-factode facto'' segregation
The term started to get its modern negative meaning with Cornelius Sulla's ascension to the dictatorship following Sulla's second civil war, making himself the first Dictator in Rome in more than a century (during which the office was ostensibly abolished) as well as de facto eliminating the time limit and need of senatorial acclamation.
Not all dictators are de facto rulers.

Ludwik Mierosławski

Ludwik MieroslawskiLudwig MieroslawskiMieroslawski
Shortly afterwards, during the 1863 January Uprising in Poland, "Dictator" was also the official title of four leaders, the first being Ludwik Mierosławski.
He also took part in the January Uprising in the 1860s, as the first of four dictators of the Uprising.

Francisco Franco

FrancoGeneral FrancoFrancoist
In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde (, ; 4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general and politician who ruled over Spain as dictator under the title Caudillo from 1939, after the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975.

President (government title)

PresidentpresidentialPresidents
In authoritarian regimes, a dictator or leader of a one-party state may also be called a president.

Artúr Görgei

Artúr GörgeyGörgeyArthur Görgey
As a recognition of his military successes, he was decorated by the Hungarian Government, and given him also political positions: he became Minister of War, and in the last few days of the revolution, he was appointed the dictator of Hungary, which meant that he gathered in his hands all military and political powers of Hungary.

Joseph Stalin

StalinJosef StalinJosif Stalin
Under the Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings, secret police (originally known as the Cheka) and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.
Despite initially governing the Soviet Union as part of a collective leadership, he eventually consolidated power to become the country's de facto dictator by the 1930s.

Jan Tyssowski

Jan Tyssowski (March 8, 1811 – April 5, 1857), born in Tarnów, Poland, was a Dictator of the Republic of Kraków during the failed 1846 uprising.

Election

electionselectedelectoral
Dictatorships are often characterised by some of the following: suspension of elections and civil liberties; proclamation of a state of emergency; rule by decree; repression of political opponents; not abiding by the rule of law procedures, and cult of personality.
Dictators may use the powers of the executive (police, martial law, censorship, physical implementation of the election mechanism, etc.) to remain in power despite popular opinion in favor of removal.

Secret police

political policeinternal intelligence organizationsAl-Amen
Under the Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings, secret police (originally known as the Cheka) and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.
Used to protect the political power of an individual dictator or an authoritarian regime, secret police often operate outside the law and are used to repress dissidents and weaken the political opposition, frequently with violence.

Military dictatorship

juntamilitary regimemilitary junta
A military dictatorship, also known as a military junta, is a dictatorship wherein the military exerts complete or substantial control over political authority, and a dictator is often a high ranked military officer.

Dictator perpetuo

dictator for lifeperpetual dictatordictator in perpetuity
Julius Caesar followed Sulla's example in 49 BC and in February 44 BC was proclaimed Dictator perpetuo, "Dictator in perpetuity", officially doing away with any limitations on his power, which he kept until his assassination the following month.

Enlightened absolutism

enlightened despotenlightened despotismenlightened absolutist
It might be seen as a republican form of enlightened despotism.
Long-seated dictators are more likely to be regarded as enlightened because they acknowledge public interest in order to remain in power and to be regarded as legitimate.

Pol Pot

Saloth SarPaul's Pot
Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in 1975.
Conversely, he has been internationally denounced for his role in the Cambodian genocide, regarded as a totalitarian dictator guilty of crimes against humanity.

Emilio Aguinaldo

AguinaldoGeneral Emilio AguinaldoGen. Emilio Aguinaldo
Aguinaldo had brought with him the draft constitution of Mariano Ponce for the establishment of federal revolutionary republic upon his return to Manila, however, on May 24, 1898, in Cavite, Aguinaldo issued a proclamation, upon the advice of his war counselor Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista, in which he assumed command of all Philippine forces and established a dictatorial government with himself as titular dictator, with power thereby vested upon him to administer decrees promulgated under his sole responsibility.

Benevolent dictatorship

benevolent dictatorbenign dictatorshipbenevolent
A benevolent dictatorship refers to a government in which an authoritarian leader exercises absolute political power over the state but is perceived to do so with regard for benefit of the population as a whole, standing in contrast to the decidedly malevolent stereotype of a dictator who focuses on their and their supporters' self-interests.

Dictator novel

The Dictator Noveldictator' novel
The dictator novel (novela del dictador) is a genre of Latin American literature that challenges the role of the dictator in Latin American society.

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Under the Soviet leaders Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, government policy was enforced by extrajudicial killings, secret police (originally known as the Cheka) and the notorious Gulag system of concentration camps.
By gradually consolidating his influence and isolating and outmanoeuvring his rivals within the party, Stalin became the undisputed leader of the country and, by the end of the 1920s, established a totalitarian rule.

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
In some cases, this is perfectly legitimate; Francisco Franco was a lieutenant general in the Spanish Army before he became Chief of State of Spain; Manuel Noriega was officially commander of the Panamanian Defense Forces.
In exceptional situations, such as war, occupation, revolution or a coup d'état, constitutional institutions, including the symbolically crucial head of state, may be reduced to a figurehead or be suspended in favour of an emergency office (such as the original Roman dictator) or eliminated by a new "provisionary" regime, such as a collective of the junta type, or removed by an occupying force, such as a military governor (an early example being the Spartan Harmost).

Cambodia

Kingdom of CambodiaKampucheaKhmer
Pol Pot became dictator of Cambodia in 1975.
From a humble farming background, Hun Sen was just 33 when he took power in 1985, and is by some considered a long ruling dictator.

Marian Langiewicz

On 10 March he proclaimed himself Dictator and attempted to form a regular government; but either he had insufficient organizing talent, or had not time enough to carry out his plans, and after a fresh series of engagements at the battle of Chrobrze on 17 March and battle of Grochowiska on 18 March he took refuge in Austrian territory and was interned at Tarnów.

Autocracy

autocraticautocratabsolutism
A dictator is a political leader who possesses absolute power.