Die Meistersinger von Nürnbergwikipedia
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg ("The Master-Singers of Nuremberg") is a music drama (or opera) in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner.
Die MeistersingerThe Mastersingers of NurembergEvaThe MastersingersMeistersingerHans SachsBeckmesserWaltherWalther von StolzingDavid

Richard Wagner

WagnerRichard WagnerWagnerian
Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg ("The Master-Singers of Nuremberg") is a music drama (or opera) in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner.
His thoughts on the relative contributions of music and drama in opera were to change again, and he reintroduced some traditional forms into his last few stage works, including Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg).

National Theatre Munich

National TheatreNationaltheaterHoftheater
It was first performed at the Königliches Hof- und National-Theater, today the home of the Bavarian State Opera, in Munich, on 21 June 1868.
Two nights later came the first public performance, of Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, again under Keilberth.

Das Liebesverbot

It is the only comedy among his mature operas (he had come to reject his early Das Liebesverbot), and is also unusual among his works in being set in a historically well-defined time and place rather than in a mythical or legendary setting.
It is also referred to as the forgotten comedy, in that only two of Wagner's works are comedies, the other being Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Bass-baritone

bass-baritonebass baritonebasse-taille
The term arose in the late 19th century to describe the particular type of voice required to sing three Wagnerian roles: the Dutchman in Der fliegende Holländer, Wotan/Der Wanderer in the Ring Cycle and Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Sophie Diez

Sophie Hartmann
She is most remembered today for having created the role of Magdalena in Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, but she also sang in the world premieres of several other operas by lesser-known German composers.

Gustav Hölzel

He is principally remembered as the first Beckmesser in Richard Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Hans von Bülow

Hans von BülowBülowBulow
The conductor at the premiere was Hans von Bülow. The production was sponsored by Ludwig II of Bavaria and the conductor was Hans von Bülow.
He conducted the premieres of two Wagner operas, Tristan und Isolde and Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, in 1865 and 1868 respectively; both were immensely successful.

Franz Betz

He was particularly known for his performances in operas by Richard Wagner and created the role of Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Cosima Wagner

CosimaCosima von BülowCosima Liszt
Cosima Wagner was later to write: "When future generations seek refreshment in this unique work, may they spare a thought for the tears from which the smiles arose."
Bülow was committed to Wagner's music; in 1858 he had undertaken the preparation of a vocal score for Tristan und Isolde, and by 1862 he was making a fair copy of Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Max Schlosser (tenor)

Max Schlosser
He created the roles of David in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1868), Mime in Das Rheingold (1869), and The Messenger in the posthumous premiere of Wagner's early opera Die Feen (1888).

Baritone

baritonelyric baritonebaritones
Betz created Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger and undertook Wotan in the first Der Ring des Nibelungen cycle at Bayreuth, while Reichmann created Amfortas in Parsifal, also at Bayreuth.

Bayreuth Festival

BayreuthBayreuther FestspieleBayreuth Festival
In a 2009 interview Katharina Wagner, the composer's great-granddaughter and co-director of the Bayreuth Festival, was asked whether she believed Wagner relied on Jewish stereotypes in his operas.
Wagner next considered Nuremberg, which would have reinforced the thematic significance of works such as Die Meistersinger.

Ludwig II of Bavaria

Ludwig IIKing Ludwig IIKing Ludwig II of Bavaria
The production was sponsored by Ludwig II of Bavaria and the conductor was Hans von Bülow.
Wagner completed Die Meistersinger there; it was premiered in Munich in 1868.

Nuremberg

NürnbergNurembergNuremberg, Germany
The story is set in Nuremberg in the mid-16th century.
Richard Wagner made their most famous member, Hans Sachs, the hero of his opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Tribschen

Villa TribschenTriebchen
Composition of act 1 was begun in spring of 1863 in the Viennese suburb of Penzing, but the opera in its entirety was not finished until October 1867, when Wagner was living at Tribschen near Lucerne.
It was while he was living here that Wagner completed the score of Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, composed his "Emperor March" and the third act of Siegfried, and began Götterdämmerung.

Mathilde Mallinger

She created the role of Eva in the world premiere of Richard Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg on 21 June 1868.

Bavarian State Opera

Bayerische StaatsoperMunichBavarian State Opera
It was first performed at the Königliches Hof- und National-Theater, today the home of the Bavarian State Opera, in Munich, on 21 June 1868.

Tristan und Isolde

IsoldeTristanTristan and Isolde
Following the completion of Tristan und Isolde, Wagner resumed work on Die Meistersinger in 1861 with a quite different philosophical outlook from that which he held when he developed his first draft. These years were some of Wagner's most difficult: the 1861 Paris production of Tannhäuser was a fiasco, Wagner gave up hope of completing Der Ring des Nibelungen, the 1864 Vienna production of Tristan und Isolde was abandoned after 77 rehearsals, and finally in 1866 Wagner's first wife, Minna died.
While none of this is explicitly stated in the libretto, Tristan's comments on Day and Night in acts 2 and 3, as well as musical allusions to Tristan in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg and Parsifal make it very clear that this was, in fact, Wagner's intention.

Der Ring des Nibelungen

Ring CycleRingThe Ring Cycle
These years were some of Wagner's most difficult: the 1861 Paris production of Tannhäuser was a fiasco, Wagner gave up hope of completing Der Ring des Nibelungen, the 1864 Vienna production of Tristan und Isolde was abandoned after 77 rehearsals, and finally in 1866 Wagner's first wife, Minna died.
Wagner then laid the work aside for twelve years, during which he wrote Tristan und Isolde and Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Triumph of the Will

Triumph des WillensNazi propaganda filmNazi torchlight marches
The prelude to act 3 is played over shots of old Nuremberg at the beginning of Triumph of the Will, the 1935 film by Leni Riefenstahl depicting the Nazi party congress of 1934.
Day 2: The second day begins with images of Nuremberg at dawn, accompanied by an extract from the Act III Prelude (Wach Auf!) of Richard Wagner's Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.

Wieland Wagner

WielandWieland Wagner
The first Bayreuth production of Die Meistersinger following World War II occurred in 1956, when Wieland Wagner, the composer's grandson, attempted to distance the work from German nationalism by presenting it in almost abstract terms, by removing any reference to Nuremberg from the scenery.
Wieland's 1956 "Mastersingers without Nuremberg" was the symbolic culmination of his campaign to move away from naturalism in Wagner production with the medieval town represented by the cobbled shape of a street and, above the stage, a ball suggestive of a flowering tree.

Kaspar Bausewein

He created Pogner in Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (June 21, 1868), Fafner in Das Rheingold (September 22, 1869), Hunding in Die Walküre (June 26, 1870), and Harald in Die Feen (June 29, 1888).

Meistersinger

meistersingerMeistergesangMeistersänger
The story revolves around the city's guild of Meistersinger (Master Singers), an association of amateur poets and musicians who were primarily master craftsmen of various trades.
The plot of Richard Wagner's 1868 opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg revolves around the guild of Meistersingers and their singing contest.

Hans Sachs

Hans SachsSachs
One of the main characters, the cobbler-poet Hans Sachs, is based on a historical figure, Hans Sachs (1494–1576), the most famous of the master-singers.
He is a leading character in Richard Wagner's opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (1868).