Digital container format

container formatcontainercontainer formatsMedia containercontainerscontainer file formatcontainer filecontainer filesContainer format (digital)multimedia container file
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.wikipedia
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File format

formatfile formatsformats
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
Other file formats, however, are designed for storage of several different types of data: the Ogg format can act as a container for different types of multimedia including any combination of audio and video, with or without text (such as subtitles), and metadata.

Interchange File Format

IFFElectronic Arts IFF
Among the earliest cross-platform container formats were Distinguished Encoding Rules and the 1985 Interchange File Format.
Interchange File Format (IFF), is a generic container file format originally introduced by the Electronic Arts company in 1985 (in cooperation with Commodore) in order to facilitate transfer of data between software produced by different companies.

Computer file

filefilescomputer files
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
All those methods, however, are more susceptible to loss of metadata than are container and archive file formats.

Audio file format

audioaudio fileaudio files
Since audio and video streams can be coded and decoded with many different algorithms, a container format may be used to provide a single file format to the user.
The data can be a raw bitstream in an audio coding format, but it is usually embedded in a container format or an audio data format with defined storage layer.

FFmpeg

SnowLAV Filterslibavformat
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
FFmpeg includes libavcodec, an audio/video codec library used by many commercial and free software products, libavformat (Lavf), an audio/video container mux and demux library, and the core ffmpeg command line program for transcoding multimedia files.

Material Exchange Format

MXF
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
Material Exchange Format (MXF) is a container format for professional digital video and audio media defined by a set of SMPTE standards.

VOB

IFOBUP.bup
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
VOB (Video Object) is the container format in DVD-Video media.

RatDVD

FluxDVD
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
RatDVD (originally stylized "ratDVD") is the name of a proprietary container format for digital video, developed by Peter Jensen and a group of Russian and Danish university students.

Resource Interchange File Format

RIFF.riffRIFF (File format)
The Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) is a generic file container format for storing data in tagged chunks.

3GP and 3G2

3GP.3gp3G2
3GP (3GPP file format) is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services.

DivX

DivX Media FormatXSUB.divx
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
It was altered to allow other containers such as Audio Video Interleave (AVI).

Audio Video Interleave

AVI.aviDV AVI
Audio Video Interleave (also Audio Video Interleaved), known by its initials AVI and the filename extension is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows software.

XMF

Mobile XMFExtensible Music Format (XMF)
XMF (Extensible Music Format) is a tree-based digital container format used to bundle music-oriented content, such as a MIDI file and optionally the sounds it uses, liner notes or other content grouped by language-codes.

Windows Media Audio

WMAWMA LosslessWMA Pro
Microsoft has also developed a digital container format called Advanced Systems Format to store audio encoded by WMA.

Flash Video

FLVFlash.flv
Flash Video is a container file format used to deliver digital video content (e.g., TV shows, movies, etc.) over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player version 6 and newer.

Advanced Systems Format

ASF.asf.wmv
Advanced Systems Format (formerly Advanced Streaming Format, Active Streaming Format) is Microsoft's proprietary digital audio/digital video container format, especially meant for streaming media.

Codec

codecsdecoderdecoders
This may be caused by the program lacking the required decoding algorithm.
Each of these three streams may be handled by different programs, processes, or hardware; but for the multimedia data streams to be useful in stored or transmitted form, they must be encapsulated together in a container format.

Matroska

MKV.mkvMatroska (MKV)
The Matroska Multimedia Container is a free, open-standard container format, a file format that can hold an unlimited number of video, audio, picture, or subtitle tracks in one file.

DVR-MS

.dvr-msMicrosoft Digital Video Recording (DVR-MS)
DVR-MS (Microsoft Digital Video Recording) is a proprietary video and audio file container format, developed by Microsoft used for storing TV content recorded by Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows Vista and Windows 7.

Windows Media Video

WMVWMV9.WMV
Microsoft also developed a digital container format called Advanced Systems Format to store video encoded by Windows Media Video.

MPEG program stream

MPEG-PSProgram stream.MPEGPS
Program stream (PS or MPEG-PS) is a container format for multiplexing digital audio, video and more.

MPEG transport stream

TStransport streamMPEG-TS
MPEG transport stream (transport stream, MPEG-TS, MTS or TS) is a standard digital container format for transmission and storage of audio, video, and Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) data.

Metafile

A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.

QuickTime File Format

MOV.movQuickTime
The format specifies a multimedia container file that contains one or more tracks, each of which stores a particular type of data: audio, video, or text (e.g. for subtitles).

MPEG-4 Part 14

MP4M4A.mp4
MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 is a digital multimedia container format most commonly used to store video and audio, but it can also be used to store other data such as subtitles and still images.