Digital container format

container formatcontainercontainer formatscontainerscontainer file formatmedia containercontainer filecontainer filesdigital container standardmultimedia container file
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.wikipedia
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File format

formatformatsfile formats
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
Other file formats, however, are designed for storage of several different types of data: the Ogg format can act as a container for different types of multimedia including any combination of audio and video, with or without text (such as subtitles), and metadata.

Interchange File Format

IFFElectronic Arts IFF
Among the earliest cross-platform container formats were Distinguished Encoding Rules and the 1985 Interchange File Format.
Interchange File Format (IFF), is a generic container file format originally introduced by the Electronic Arts company in 1985 (in cooperation with Commodore/Amiga) in order to facilitate transfer of data between software produced by different companies.

Audio file format

audio fileaudioaudio files
Since audio and video streams can be coded and decoded with many different algorithms, a container format may be used to provide a single file format to the user.
The data can be a raw bitstream in an audio coding format, but it is usually embedded in a container format or an audio data format with defined storage layer.

Computer file

filefilescomputer files
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
All those methods, however, are more susceptible to loss of metadata than are container and archive file formats.

FFmpeg

SnowlibavformatNUT
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
FFmpeg includes libavcodec, an audio/video codec library used by many commercial and free software products, libavformat (Lavf), an audio/video container mux and demux library, and the core ffmpeg command line program for transcoding multimedia files.

Material Exchange Format

MXF
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
Material Exchange Format (MXF) is a container format for professional digital video and audio media defined by a set of SMPTE standards.

VOB

BUP.bup.vob
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
VOB (Video Object) is the container format in DVD-Video media.

RatDVD

FluxDVD
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
RatDVD (originally stylized "ratDVD") is the name of a proprietary container format for digital video, developed by Peter Jensen and a group of Russian and Danish university students.

Resource Interchange File Format

RIFF.riffRIFF format
WAV (RIFF file format, widely used on Windows platform) AVI (the standard Microsoft Windows container, also based on RIFF)
The Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) is a generic file container format for storing data in tagged chunks.

DivX

.divxDivX Media FormatDivX ;-)
There are many other container formats, such as NUT, MXF, GXF, ratDVD, SVI, VOB and DivX Media Format
It was altered to allow other containers such as Audio Video Interleave (AVI).

3GP and 3G2

3GP.3gp3G2
3GP (used by many mobile phones; based on the ISO base media file format)
3GP (3GPP file format) is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services.

Audio Video Interleave

AVI.aviDV-AVI
AVI (the standard Microsoft Windows container, also based on RIFF)
Audio Video Interleave (also Audio Video Interleaved), known by its initials AVI, is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows software.

XMF

XMF (Extensible Music Format)
XMF (Extensible Music Format) is a tree-based digital container format used to bundle music-oriented content, such as a MIDI file and optionally the sounds it uses, liner notes or other content grouped by language-codes.

Windows Media Audio

WMAXMA.wma
ASF (container for Microsoft WMA and WMV, which today usually do not use a container)
Microsoft has also developed a digital container format called Advanced Systems Format to store audio encoded by WMA.

Flash Video

FLVFlash.flv
Flash Video (FLV, F4V) (container for video and audio from Adobe Systems)
Flash Video is a container file format used to deliver digital video content (e.g., TV shows, movies, etc.) over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player version 6 and newer.

Advanced Systems Format

ASF.asf.wma
ASF (container for Microsoft WMA and WMV, which today usually do not use a container) DVR-MS ("Microsoft Digital Video Recording", proprietary video container format developed by Microsoft based on ASF)
Advanced Systems Format (formerly Advanced Streaming Format, Active Streaming Format) is Microsoft's proprietary digital audio/digital video container format, especially meant for streaming media.

Codec

codecsdecoderdecoders
This may be caused by the program lacking the required decoding algorithm.
Each of these three streams may be handled by different programs, processes, or hardware; but for the multimedia data streams to be useful in stored or transmitted form, they must be encapsulated together in a container format.

DVR-MS

.dvr-msMicrosoft Digital Video Recording (DVR-MS)
DVR-MS ("Microsoft Digital Video Recording", proprietary video container format developed by Microsoft based on ASF)
DVR-MS (Microsoft Digital Video Recording) is a proprietary video and audio file container format, developed by Microsoft used for storing TV content recorded by Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows Vista and Windows 7.

Windows Media Video

WMVWMV9.WMV
ASF (container for Microsoft WMA and WMV, which today usually do not use a container)
Microsoft also developed a digital container format called Advanced Systems Format to store video encoded by Windows Media Video.

Matroska

MKV.mkvMatroska (MKV)
Matroska (MKV) (not limited to any coding format, as it can hold virtually anything; it is an open standard container format)
The Matroska Multimedia Container is an open standard, free container format, a file format that can hold an unlimited number of video, audio, picture, or subtitle tracks in one file.

MPEG program stream

.MPEGPSMPEG-PSPS
MPEG program stream (standard container for MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 elementary streams on reasonably reliable media such as disks; used also on DVD-Video discs)
Program stream (PS or MPEG-PS) is a container format for multiplexing digital audio, video and more.

MPEG transport stream

TSVideo PIDtransport stream
MPEG-2 transport stream (a.k.a. MPEG-TS) (standard container for digital broadcasting and for transportation over unreliable media; used also on Blu-ray Disc video; typically contains multiple video and audio streams, and an electronic program guide)
MPEG transport stream (transport stream, MPEG-TS, MTS or TS) is a standard digital container format for transmission and storage of audio, video, and Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) data.

Metafile

A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
Digital container format

QuickTime File Format

MOV.movQuickTime
QuickTime File Format (standard QuickTime video container from Apple Inc.)
The format specifies a multimedia container file that contains one or more tracks, each of which stores a particular type of data: audio, video, or text (e.g. for subtitles).

MPEG-4 Part 14

MP4.mp4M4A
MP4 (standard audio and video container for the MPEG-4 multimedia portfolio, based on the ISO base media file format defined in MPEG-4 Part 12 and JPEG 2000 Part 12) which in turn was based on the QuickTime file format.
MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 is a digital multimedia container format most commonly used to store video and audio, but it can also be used to store other data such as subtitles and still images.